In ancient times, Engineering Science was considered to be an art and led civilization and innovation for the progress of humanity. Machines and structures have been designed and built up thanks to applications of technical methodologies conceived by engineers. Aerospace, chemical, civil, electrical, and mechanical disciplines are the main branches of Engineering which thereby signify it has, nowadays, reached the status of being a multidisciplinary science.

This book is intended to provide a first collection of entries falling within the following topics:

(1) History of Mechanics – Editor: Giuseppe Ruta

(2) Civil Engineering – Editor: Raffaele Barretta

(3) Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering – Editor: Ramesh Agarwal

(4) Nanoengineering – Editor: Krzysztof Kamil Zur

A second book of Encyclopedia will subsequently be announced to complement the topical collection of Engineering outlined above.

Suggested Contents:

  1. Mechanics of mechanisms vs. mechanics of structures - two schools with prominent figures (S. P. Timoshenko above all)
  2. Rational thermodynamics: still a challenge?
  3. Rationalism vs. deductivism in mechanics: the various European school
  4. The influence of automatic calculus in mechanics: are ideas neglected in favour of fascinating graphs and sequences of digits?
  5. New problems in philosophy of science
  6. Mechanics vs. Natural philosophy: where do we stand?
  7. Mechanics and mathematics: the links and the differences between two worlds through the ages.
  8. Other topics are warmly welcomed as long as they are belong to the area of this book.

Published Entries

Mechanics and Natural Philosophy in History
By ,
This entry presents a historical view of the meaning attributed to the terms mechanics and natural philosophy, from a hint to ancient Greece, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance to a special focus on the 18th Century, which represents a turning point for the developmen [...] Read more
This entry presents a historical view of the meaning attributed to the terms mechanics and natural philosophy, from a hint to ancient Greece, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance to a special focus on the 18th Century, which represents a turning point for the development of modern physics and science in general. Since we are not concerned with the summation of the histories of natural philosophy and mechanics, but only with their interrelations, this makes a detailed description of the two disciplines unnecessary.
Flod
The Role of GNSS-RTN in Transportation Applications
By , , ,
The Global Navigation Satellite System—Real-Time Network (GNSS-RTN) is a satellite-based positioning system using a network of ground receivers (also called continuously operating reference stations (CORSs)) and a central processing center that provides highly acc [...] Read more
The Global Navigation Satellite System—Real-Time Network (GNSS-RTN) is a satellite-based positioning system using a network of ground receivers (also called continuously operating reference stations (CORSs)) and a central processing center that provides highly accurate location services to the users in real-time over a broader geographic region. Such systems can provide geospatial location data with centimeter-level accuracy anywhere within the network. Geospatial location services are not only used in measuring ground distances and mapping topography; they have also become vital in many other fields such as aerospace, aviation, natural disaster management, and agriculture, to name but a few. The innovative and multi-disciplinary applications of geospatial data drive technological advancement towards precise and accurate location services available in real-time. Although GNSS-RTN technology is currently utilized in a few industries such as precision farming, construction industry, and land surveying, the implications of precise real-time location services would be far-reaching and more critical to many advanced transportation applications. The GNSS-RTN technology is promising in meeting the needs of automation in most advanced transportation applications. This article presents an overview of the GNSS-RTN technology, its current applications in transportation-related fields, and a perspective on the future use of this technology in advanced transportation applications. 
Flod
Challenges for Nanotechnology
By
The term “Nanotechnology” describes a large field of scientific and technical activities dealing with objects and technical components with small dimensions. Typically, bodies that are in–at least–two dimensions smaller than 0.1 µm are rega [...] Read more
The term “Nanotechnology” describes a large field of scientific and technical activities dealing with objects and technical components with small dimensions. Typically, bodies that are in–at least–two dimensions smaller than 0.1 µm are regarded as “nanobjects”. By this definition, a lot of advanced materials, as well as the advanced electronic devices, are objects of nanotechnology. In addition, many aspects of molecular biotechnology as well as macromolecular and supermolecular chemistry and nanoparticle techniques are summarized under “nanotechnology”. Despite this size-oriented definition, nanotechnology is dealing with physics and chemistry as well as with the realization of technical functions in the area between very small bodies and single particles and molecules. This includes the shift from classical physics into the quantum world of small molecules and low numbers or single elementary particles. Besides the already established fields of nanotechnology, there is a big expectation about technical progress and solution to essential economic, medical, and ecological problems by means of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology can only meet these expectations if fundamental progress behind the recent state of the art can be achieved. Therefore, very important challenges for nanotechnology are discussed here.
Flod

Planned Entries

Non-Local Elasticity for Nano-Structures: A Review of Recent Ach
By Raffaele Barretta *, Francesco Marotti de Sciarra, Marzia Sara V
Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, via Claudio 21, 80125 - Naples, Italy
Road Markings and Signs in Road Safety
By Dario Babic, Darko Babic, Mario Fiolic, Andelko Scukanec
Faculty od Transport and Traffic Sciences, University of Zagreb Vukeliceva 4, HR - 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Cross-Disciplinary Approaches between Architecture and Biology
By Louis VITALIS, Natasha Chayaamor-Heil
UMR MAP MAACC CNRS, National School of Architecture Paris La Villette
Raffaele Barretta

Institution: Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Via Claudio, 21-80125 Naples, Italy

Interests: mechanics of nanostructures and nanocomposites; advanced materials; nonlocal constitutive models; functionally graded materials; generalized continua; beams, plates and shells; MEMS and NEMS

Ramesh Agarwal

Institution: William Palm Professor of Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, 1 Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA

Interests: mechanical and aerospace engineering; energy and environment; computational fluid dynamics and computational physics (computational acoustics; computational electromagnetics; computational materials science and manufacturing; computational geo-sciences and computational combustion); fluid dynamics and heat transfer; hypersonic flow and rarefied gas dynamics; aerodynamics; ground effect aerodynamics; green aviation; turbo-machinery and pumps; microfluidics; bio-fluid mechanics; flow and flight control; chemical looping combustion; carbon capture; utilization and sequestration; wind, solar and bio-energy; climate modeling etc.

Krzysztof Żur

Institution: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska 45C, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland

Interests: applied mathematics; linear and non-linear mechanics of composite structures at macro, micro, and nano scale; non-local continuum mechanics; smart materials and structures; composite materials

Giuseppe Ruta

Institution: Department of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, University “La Sapienza”, & National Group for Mathematical Physics, Rome, Italy

Interests: continuum mechanics; structural stability; beam theory; damage modeling and identification; history of mechanics