1. Encyclopedia Platform

The Encyclopedia Platform aims to highlight the latest research results and provide benchmark information for researchers and the general public interested in accurate and advanced knowledge on specific topics. We welcome both summaries of published papers and original content to be published on the Encyclopedia Platform as entries or short videos. Authors should include a comprehensive description for professional nouns and noun phrases or share and show their latest findings or developments. All entries announced should be objective and should not include subjective, immature, illegal, violent, pornographic, or advertising content.

1.1. Types of Entry

Topic Review:

Scholars can: (1) Introduce new discoveries or concepts, or introduce the main concepts and ideas, which may also include the origin, development history, milestones, leading figures or related people, current status, predictions, future directions, and any other relevant information; (2) Present the conclusions of one or several research projects on a single, specific topic, or a general review of a research field. Results can be related to a single field, a research group, or a collective of researchers; (3) Provide research project proposals and expected results in the format of a research plan for studies to be undertaken in the near future. The aim is to collect feedback from other researchers in the field and to inform them of ongoing research in order to build collaborations and prevent duplicate work.

Biography: You can present the narrative of a person’s career and experience. The point of a biographical essay is to reveal who that person was and what contribution they made to the world. That person could be a historical figure, a famous actor, politician, artist, writer, or inventor.

Video: A presentation about a certain scientific research topic, an experimental/surgery operation record, or other interesting and worthwhile simulation videos.

1.2. Entry Preparation

1.2.1. Entry Preparation

Title​: The title of your entry should be concise, specific, precise, and unique on this platform. It should usually be no longer than eight words.

Description: A brief overview of the entry title. A definition should focus on the most essential facts of the topic being described from an objective perspective.

Content: The entry content can be written following Encyclopedia’s style with more than two sections to express the mature knowledge about this topic, such as introduction, history, new discoveries or concepts, milestones, leading figures, influences, applications, current status, and any other relevant well-known information.

Keywords: Three to ten pertinent keywords need to be added after the content. We recommend that the keywords are specific to the article, yet reasonably common within the subject discipline.


(1) Language: Encyclopedia does not currently support any language other than English.

(2) Length: A comprehensive entry is encouraged to contain at least 1000 words or longer.

1.2.2. Biography

Brief introduction: Make a breif introduction of the character, including, but not limited to, family, education, career, short and direct synthesis of the contribution to science/humanities. The advised word count is between 250–500.

Background about notable contribution: Describe a person’s the stories behind the notable contributions in time line. The advised word count is between 500–1000.

Principal Publications/Works: Introduce his/her most outstanding achievements in a detailed and professional way, such as his/her mostly cited paper, his/her most interesting work, his/her most well-known experiment, etc. The advised word count between 500–1000.

Implications for Sciences, Humanities: Write the implications for sciences or humanities that brought by the character. The advised word count between 250-500.

1.2.3. Video

Video types include

- A certain scientific research topic, an experimental/surgery operation record, or other interesting and worthwhile simulation videos;

- A theory or social phenomenon;

- An excellent teaching course or speech for reference;

- A conference video for academic discussion and communication;

- An interview video of professional scholars on a certain research topic.

Acceptable video format

- Supported file format: flv, mp4, mpeg, rmvb, mov.

- Suggested size: 10–200 M.

Suggested duration

The ideal duration is 3–10 min (no special limit for operation, simulation, or teaching course videos).

1.3. Entry Submission

1.3.1. Topic View/Biography

(1) New users should register at and activate their new accounts by email. It is not necessary to register again if you are the user of our other platforms including MDPI, SUSY, Sciprofile, Sciforum, Preprints, MDPI Books and Scilit .

(2) Before you create a new entry, please check existing entries by the “Search” function on the homepage to see whether there are any similar entries. Click “Create” to start a new entry and access the entry draft page. Users need to select the subject and entry type. Once the entry type is selected, a template will be shown automatically in the content part.

(3) Proceed to the entry editing page. This is an online editing tool for adding and editing text, formats, figures, tables, and references. Here is a short video to introduce some special functions of the editing tool:


Note: a. Inserted references can be edited or deleted directly from the Reference section. b. Figures could be pasted to the editing window directly.

For more details, you may refer to the User Manual for contributors.

Notes for Users

(1) You can post the entry by clicking the “Submit” button, even if it hasn't been done. The entry can be found via the following path: User Profile-Entry List-Online. You can continue to edit it via the Entry List or by clicking “Edit” on the entry page.

(2) The editing progress of an online entry can be saved as a draft. You can find it in your “Revise List”. Please make sure your revision is based on the latest online version before submitting.

(3) Co-authors can be edited by adding or removing their email addresses in the Co-author List. Then the entry will be shown in both the creator and the co-authors’ Entry List.

(4) If the online entry is not suitable to be published, i.e, the entry does not adhere to the MDPI policy or is too short to describe the facts clearly, the Editorial Office has the right to change the status back to Offline for authors to re-edit or to delete it directly.

(5) Entries should state the facts objectively and fairly. Please try to avoid first-person expressions such as "we" or "our team" and expressions that do not conform to the current entry, such as "this paper", "this review", and "this article".

(6) We welcome scholars to share their latest findings on our platform in the form of entries. However, we do not encourage or support copying and pasting the full text of published articles or reviews to our platform.

1.3.2. Video

Original short videos can be uploaded directly via the video page


For long videos greater than 200 M, please divide the video into several parts and label each separate video in the correct order.


Please quote and cite all references or sources used in this entry and ensure that you have obtained permission for reuse. Without explicit permission to use, copy or modify, it is forbidden to upload any logos, photos; stills or excerpts from TV shows, movies, DVDs; computer code, software, or screenshots of other websites; any pictures published on the internet; or any drawings of characters from TV, comics, or movies; recordings of sounds or music. The author must confirm in the Copyright Transfer Agreement that they have received permission from each participant recorded on the submitted video to announce the video online.

1.4.  Entry Check

Topic view/Biography: The entry will be online immediately once it has been submitted. Our editor will do a quality check after it is online. If it is unqualified, we will inform you to make necessary edits.

Video check: After video submission, the entry will not be shown online until it has been approved by the Editorial Office. The video content will be locked in order to protect your contributions.

1.5.  Editing Online Entries

Any reader can revise entry content by clicking “Edit” on the entry page, which will take you to the entry editing tool (for more information about editing tool, see Guideline 1.3.1). You can check any previous revisions via “History”. The changes made to each version are highlighted as follows: texts in red have been removed from the old version, and those in green are newly added.

Note: Videos and peer-reviewed entries are not editable.

1.6.  Interacting with Entries

Any reader can like, comment, and favorite an entry by clicking on the floating icons below the specific entry title. Moreover, you can share interesting topics with friends on different social media platforms. The specified invitation link in your profile can be used for inviting connections to post new entries and then you can get corresponding credits.

2. Encyclopedia Journal

The Encyclopedia journal is an affiliated journal of the Encyclopedia platform, which is published online quarterly by MDPI. Encyclopedia is an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal recording qualified entries of which contents should be reliable, objective and established knowledge, and reviews that offer a comprehensive analysis of the extant literature, identifying current gaps or problem. We accept "entry", "review" and "article" type papers. The journal aims to record high-quality entries. Therefore, all entries published in this journal will be peer-reviewed and assigned with an official DOI. In addition, we have a section named “Encyclopedia Studies” to publish articles related to the Encyclopedia database or Encyclopedia books.

2.1.  Requirements

The basic conditions of a well-prepared entry should be as follows:

(1) The entry (from Introduction to Conclusion) should be no less than 3000 words;

(2) The content is comprehensive without copyright conflict (citations from a single reference should not exceed 2%).

Besides the basic standards, the reviewers judge the entry mainly on:

(1) Language: English language and style are acceptable with no grammar mistakes or errors;

(2) Content: The content would be judged mainly from the following points: original, significant to the field, scientifically sound and not misleading, with appropriate and adequate citations;

(3) Structure: The entry is well-organized with a clear goal, structure, and logic. The necessary information is clear and integrated.

2.2.  Submission and Peer-Review

Authors should edit the entry content in Word or Latex based on the request in journal instructions for authors and submit via the submission system:

Single-blind peer review will be organized by the editorial office.

3. Encyclopedia Book

The primary purpose of the Encyclopedia Books program is to provide authoritative reference for scholars, as information available on the internet is of varying quality and it can take scholars a  long time to find trustworthy sources. Encyclopedia Books seek to reflect the broad publication of established knowledge.

Topics of Encyclopedia books range from Social Science, Engineering, and Fungi, which are broader topics with many sub-divisions, to more specific areas, such as COVID-19, Piezoelectrics, and Medieval Royal Iconography.

Entries included in Encyclopedia Books are peer-reviewed by scholars in the corresponding field and will be granted with a DOI per entry. Once enough entries are collected, the entries will be collated and published to the Encyclopedia Book and will be assigned an ISBN.

3.1.  Contributing to Encyclopedia Books

Authors can choose to contribute to the open books via the Encyclopedia Books section of the Encyclopedia Platform website; these are books that are already open and in progress and have an Editor-in-Chief assigned. Alternatively, Researchers can contact the Encyclopedia Books team with suggestions for new Encyclopedia Books. The workflow from proposal to publication of Encyclopedia books is outlined below.

(1) Book Project Initiated

Editors or authors can contact the Encyclopedia Books team via the Encyclopedia office ( to propose a book plan. The in-house editors will evaluate the received proposal, and decide how to proceed.

Once approved, an editorial team will be set up and we will work together to set the preliminary structure of the book.

(2) Book Open for Submission

The Editor-in-Chief for the book will write a brief book description, which will then be posted online to create an official webpage of this book. Authors will then be welcomed to submit high-quality entries. For detailed requirements of entry submission, please refer to the instructions for authors (

(3) Editorial Process

Entries will be sent to peer review for approval. The publisher will be in charge of the peer review process. As with the usual process for peer review, authors may be required to revise the entries based upon the feedback from the peer review process.

The entry will be accepted for publication if the content is improved after essential revision. A DOI will be granted after the publication.

When enough entries are collected, the book will be published with an ISBN.

4. Copyright of Encyclopedia Content

All content published across the Encyclopedia projects are labeled as Open-Access, and most of them are licensed with Creative Commons-Attribution ShareAlike (CC BY-SA); additional terms may apply. For more details, please refer to

All the contents, figures, tables, or important data sources should be properly quoted and cited. Where necessary, contributors are required to provide permission files when they upload images, photos, and voice or video files, etc. Material for which the copyright and licensing conditions do not allow inclusion in Encyclopedia must not be uploaded.