Topic Review
Dehydrogenases involved in Reduction of CO2 to CH3OH
The three dehydrogenase enzymes involved in the CO2 to methanol conversion are: Formate dehydrogenase, Formaldehyde dehydrogenase and Alcohol dehydrogenase.
  • 511
  • 26 Aug 2022
Topic Review
Leucoagaricus gongylophorus and Leaf-Cutting Ants
Leaf-cutting ants are eusocial insects, as they show a highly developed social structure, manifesting ecological relationships. Their complex structure is characterized by an organized social behavior, the cultivation of a fungus garden and high levels of hygiene, which hinders the management of leaf-cutting ants compared to other insects. Leaf-cutting ants cause damage in agricultural and silviculture areas, mainly in monocultures.
  • 727
  • 21 Apr 2022
Topic Review
Insertion of the formyl group into porphyrins is a primary functionalization of the tetrapyrrole ring, opening opportunities for further transformations including, but not limited to, Wittig, Grignard, McMurry, cycloaddition, Knoevenagel reactions, and Schiff bases preparation.
  • 198
  • 23 Aug 2023
Topic Review
Miscanthus-Based Polymers
Carbon neutrality is a requisite for industrial development in modern times. The most efficient source of biomass is energy crops, and Miscanthus has been globally recognized as one of the most significant among them. Miscanthus is basically utilized for the production of heat and electric power, and it is actively displacing wood in papermaking and natural cellulose isolation technologies. However, the range of potential applications of Miscanthus is much broader.
  • 387
  • 16 Oct 2023
Topic Review
The N-phenylquinoneimine scaffold is a versatile synthetic platform that has gained significant attention in the field of drug discovery due to its structural diversity and capacity to interact with biologically relevant targets. 
  • 81
  • 10 Jan 2024
Topic Review
Ocimum Species
Ocimum is known to be one of the medicinal plants that have been used traditionally by local people. This plant contains components of secondary metabolites such as phenolics, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, and alkaloids.
  • 526
  • 31 Oct 2022
Topic Review
Origanum majorana Essential Oil—Chemistry and Pesticide Activity
Origanum majorana is a medicinal and aromatic plant that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. It is cultivated in several parts of the world and, due to its splendid aroma and taste, is widely used for culinary purposes and in perfumes. The essential oil of the plant, to which is attributed its aroma, contains many secondary metabolites with valuable biological activity. One of them is the pesticide activity, which has attracted much interest. Given the necessity of replacing synthetic pesticides, essential oils are studied in an attempt to find naturally derived products.
  • 448
  • 09 Dec 2022
Topic Review
Polypodiopsida and Nanotechnology
The species belonging to the Polypodiopsida class have been part of human culture since the beginning of civilization, often being utilized due to the presence of antimicrobial substances (such as alkaloids, terpenes as tannins, saponins, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, etc.). Application of the ferns in nanotechnology is presented with practical examples.
  • 384
  • 21 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Stimuli-Responsive Hydrogel-Based Wound Dressing
Polymeric materials have found increasing use in biomedical applications. Among them, hydrogels represent the chosen class of materials to use in this field, in particular as wound dressings. They are generally non-toxic, biocompatible, and biodegradable, and they can absorb large amounts of exudates. Moreover, hydrogels actively contribute to skin repair promoting fibroblast proliferation and keratinocyte migration, allowing oxygen to permeate, and protecting wounds from microbial invasion. As wound dressing, stimuli-responsive systems are particularly advantageous since they can be active only in response to specific environmental stimuli (such as pH, light, ROS concentration, temperature, and glucose level). 
  • 151
  • 26 Sep 2023
Topic Review
Veratrum californicum Alkaloids as Hedgehog Pathway Antagonists
Veratrum californicum contains steroidal alkaloids that function as inhibitors of hedgehog (Hh) signaling, a pathway involved in the growth and differentiation of cells and normal tissue development. This same Hh pathway is abnormally active for cell proliferation in more than 20 types of cancer.
  • 61
  • 08 Feb 2024
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