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Encyclopedia Entry Collections collate entries on a specific topic to build a community of authors and readers to record and popularize knowledge, and develop new ideas and research directions. These are led by Academic Editors who are experts in their field, and will published on a dedicated page on the Encyclopedia platform.
Biopharmaceuticals Technology
Number of Entries: 91
Neurodegeneration refers to the progressive loss of neuron structure or function, which may eventually lead to cell death. Many neurodegenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease and prion disease, are the results of neurodegenerative processes. Neurodegeneration can be found in many different levels of neuronal circuits in the brain, from molecules to systems. Since there is no known met ...More
Number of Entries: 186
On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic, and the disease now affects nearly every country and region. Caused by SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 continues nearly 18 months later to present significant challenges to health systems and public health in both hemispheres, as well as the economies of every country. The morbidity and mortality of the infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 has been significant, and various waves of disease outbreaks initially overwhelm ...More
Number of Entries: 2148
MedlinePlus is an online health information resource. It is a service of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the world's largest medical library, which is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). To promote the transmission of knowledge, this entry collection contains information about the effects of genetic variation on human health transferred from MedlinePlus.
Metabolic Disorders and Sport
Academic Editor: Antonio Cicchella
Number of Entries: 2
Sport is a human activity which has existed on a large scale since the end of 19th century. The spread of sport has improved quality of life and health, but at the same time has developed a new, previously unknown, cohort of diseases. These disease can be linked to heavy training (e.g. renal failure for kidney overload due to lactate removal); to vascular problems due to catabolites accumulation; to rapid weight gain after sport termination in heavy training athletes and other dysmetab ...More
Nitric Oxide: Physiology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutic Applications
Number of Entries: 7
Nitric oxide, a gaseous free radical, is one of the ten smallest molecules found in nature. NO regulates vascular relaxation, controls inflammation, and suppresses expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in mast cells, macrophages, and vascular smooth muscles. NO regulates blood flow and modulates platelet and leukocyte activation, adhesion, and aggregation. This Entry Collection aims to help advance our understanding of the role that NO plays in physiology and pharmacology, which may ...More
Peptides for Health Benefits
Number of Entries: 40
High potency, specificity and a good safety profile are the main strengths of bioactive peptides as new and promising therapies that may fill the gap between small molecules and protein drugs. These positive attributes of peptides, along with advances in drug delivery technologies, have contributed to a renewed interest in the discovery, optimization and development of peptides as pharmacological therapy. The entry collection aims to cover all aspects of peptide research in relation to ...More
Tight Junction and Its Proteins
Number of Entries: 8
Tight junctions (TJ) are named according to their classical function to seal the cleft between epithelial and endothelial cells against unwanted passage of solutes and water. The main protein families of the TJ are claudins, TJ-associated MARVEL proteins (TAMP, including occludin and tricellulin), junctional adhesion molecules (JAM), and angulins, most of which are connected to the cytoskeleton via adapters such as zonula occludens (ZO) proteins. TJ proteins do not only form barriers b ...More