Quantum Advantage of Thermal Machines with Bose and Fermi Gases
Playlist
  • quantum thermodynamics
  • heat engine
  • refrigerator
  • Fermi gas
  • Bose gas
Video Introduction

This video is adapted from 10.3390/e25020372

We show that a quantum gas, a collection of massive, non-interacting, indistinguishable quantum particles, can be realized as a thermodynamic machine as an artifact of energy quantization and, hence, bears no classical analog. Such a thermodynamic machine depends on the statistics of the particles, the chemical potential, and the spatial dimension of the system. Our detailed analysis demonstrates the fundamental features of quantum Stirling cycles, from the viewpoint of particle statistics and system dimensions, that helps us to realize desired quantum heat engines and refrigerators by exploiting the role of quantum statistical mechanics. In particular, a clear distinction between the behavior of a Fermi gas and a Bose gas is observed in one dimension, rather than in higher dimensions, solely due to the innate differences in their particle statistics indicating the conspicuous role of a quantum thermodynamic signature in lower dimensions.

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Sur, S.; Ghosh, A. Quantum Advantage of Thermal Machines with Bose and Fermi Gases. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/781 (accessed on 13 April 2024).
Sur S, Ghosh A. Quantum Advantage of Thermal Machines with Bose and Fermi Gases. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/781. Accessed April 13, 2024.
Sur, Saikat, Arnab Ghosh. "Quantum Advantage of Thermal Machines with Bose and Fermi Gases" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/781 (accessed April 13, 2024).
Sur, S., & Ghosh, A. (2023, June 29). Quantum Advantage of Thermal Machines with Bose and Fermi Gases. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/781
Sur, Saikat and Arnab Ghosh. "Quantum Advantage of Thermal Machines with Bose and Fermi Gases." Encyclopedia. Web. 29 June, 2023.