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Topic review
Updated time: 27 Oct 2020
Submitted by: Fatmaelzahraa Hussein
Definition: Historic urban landscapes (HULs) are composed of layers of imbedded tangible and intangible features such as cultural memories. As the collective memories of city inhabitants, cultural memories can affect elements of social sustainability such as health, well-being, community identity, place perception and social engagement. This topic review points to the value of recalling cultural memory features in HULs, which can be used to achieve social sustainability. In addition, it contributes to sustainable development through the contribution of cultural memory and its influence on the formation of place identity, sense of place, civic pride and quality of life in HULs.
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Topic review
Updated time: 28 Oct 2020
Submitted by: Kentaka Aruga
Definition: Environmental awareness is the level of how much people are interested in or care about environmental issues. Environmental awareness can be either local or global one depending on the type of environmental problem. Studies have argued that this awareness tends to be related to an individual’s altruism, which is one’s action that benefits others without expecting some kind of external reward. The connection between environmental awareness and altruism is getting attention from scholars since both concepts are prosocial ones but it is uncertain if people who are highly aware of environmental issues may not be always acting altruistically. However, it is likely that altruistic people are more likely to have high environmental awareness.
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Topic review
Updated time: 28 Oct 2020
Submitted by: Iffath Syed
Definition: Feminist political economy is a concept from feminist material scholarship. Itconnects market relations with domestic relations. It examines the roles of women, tensions related to women’s paid and unpaid work, how production and reproduction issues affect women, and the interactions at the micro, meso, and macro level contexts within women's lives.
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Topic review
Updated time: 21 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Jorge Diaz-Esterri
Definition: La pandemia de COVID-19 ha provocado una reducción de las actividades de ocio que implican contacto humano. El aislamiento social se ha incrementado, especialmente entre las personas vulnerables con una red de apoyo frágil, como es el caso de los jóvenes que han abandonado el cuidado. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue identificar propuestas e intervenciones socioeducativas implementadas durante la pandemia relacionadas con el ocio como forma de promover la inclusión social de estos jóvenes. Para ello, se realizó un estudio cualitativo en el que se realizaron veinte entrevistas semiestructuradas a jóvenes que habían abandonado el sistema de atención, además de quince entrevistas a profesionales que trabajan con este colectivo en la realización de intervenciones socioeducativas. El análisis del discurso reveló que el aislamiento por la crisis de salud tuvo mayores repercusiones en entornos normalizados en los que la actividad de ocio se redujo con este creciente riesgo de inclusión social entre estos jóvenes. Las propuestas y experiencias que surgen de este entorno evidencian que las intervenciones socioeducativas dirigidas al ocio facilitan la inclusión social. En este sentido, se sugieren futuras líneas de investigación para optimizar los resultados de las intervenciones socioeducativas dentro de este grupo.
Entry Collection : COVID-19
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Topic review
Updated time: 22 Oct 2020
Definition: The objective of this research is to propose a theoretical model based on studies on residents’ quality of life in smart tourism destinations. Smart tourism destinations are territories based on information and communication technologies (ICT), which improve travelers’ tourist experiences as well as affect the quality of life of residents. To know the context of the relationships between tourism and quality of life, main studies and theories regarding these two phenomena are analyzed. Likewise, the relationship between smart places and quality of life is also studied.
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Topic review Peer-reviewed
Updated time: 25 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Angelos Sikalidis
Definition: The Mediterranean Diet has been a highly research dietary paradigm which extends beyond nutrition incorporating behavioral and lifestyle aspects and ultimately cultural components. A plethora of studies in multiple settings have demonstrated health benefits associated with the Mediterranean Diet mostly focusing on Cardiovascular and Metabolic syndrome. While it is not as straightforward to clearly state what the Mediterranean Diet is, the practices start from the Ancient Greek times, were re-discovered in 1948 by LG Allbaugh on the island of Crete in Greece, sponsored the Rockefeller foundation and the Greek Government followed by Ancel Keys in 1968 and the Seven countries studies. Since then, many researchers and institutes are investigating the aspects of Mediterranean Diet and how could those be implemented for the general population.
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Topic review
Updated time: 24 Sep 2021
Submitted by: Joana Nobre
Definition: In recent years, there has been an important commitment to the development of programs to promote mental health literacy (MHL) among adolescents, due to the prevalence of mental health problems and the low level of MHL that affects this group. The aim of this study was to map the structure and context of programmes/interventions for promoting MHL among adolescents in school settings. MHL were difined by Jorm and colleagues as the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management and prevention. Since then, researchers worldwide have shown a growing interest in this phenomenon (MHL), leading to the evolution of the definition of the concept. Currently, MHL refers to the knowledge and skills needed to foster mental health.
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Topic review
Updated time: 29 Oct 2020
Definition: Mindfulness-based intervention programs in the context of the workplace must be supported by a synthesis of empirical evidence in which the heterogeneity of the different studies shows their efficacy. Meta-analytical studies are intended to overcome the deficiencies and contradictions found in the literature by analyzing the empirical evidence available [38]. This meta-analytical review emphasizes exactly which results the various interventions now show and what influence they exert on psychological variables of employees. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of MBIs on psychological variables of employees.
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Topic review
Updated time: 02 Feb 2021
Definition: The structure of an organization can be defined as a relatively fixed pattern of formal authority, responsibility relationships, and information flows and sources. Although the traditional forms of the organizational structure have been widely studied (Mintzberg, 1989), new organizational structures have yet to be clearly defined.
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Topic review
Updated time: 02 Feb 2021
Definition: The organizational environment is the set of forces surrounding an organization. These forces may hamper or facilitate the organization’s access to resources, which means they can both offer opportunities and pose threats. Moreover, while these resources are valuable for the organization, they are also scarce (Riggio, 2018). The forces encompassed by the concept of the organizational environment include, among others, competition between rivals to retain customers, fast-paced changed in technology, and an increase in the price of raw materials. All these factors may somehow erode an organization’s competitive advantage. Consequently, the forces at play in the environment can influence the organization’s behavior (Truxillo, Bauer & Erdogan, 2016).
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