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Topic review
Updated time: 19 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Janaka Senanayake
Definition: This systematic review discussed ML-based Android malware detection techniques. It critically evaluated 106 carefully selected articles and highlighted their strengths and weaknesses as well as potential improvements. The ML-based methods for detecting source code vulnerabilities were also discussed, because it might be more difficult to add security after the app is deployed. Therefore, this paper aimed to enable researchers to acquire in-depth knowledge in the field and to identify potential future research and development directions.
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Topic review
Updated time: 27 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Sumaira Johar
Definition: Blockchain being a leading technology in the 21st century is revolutionizing each sector of life. Services are being provided and upgraded using its salient features and fruitful characteristics. Businesses are being enhanced by using this technology. Countries are shifting towards digital currencies i.e., an initial application of blockchain application. It omits the need of central authority by its distributed ledger functionality. This distributed ledger is achieved by using a consensus mechanism in blockchain. A consensus algorithm plays a core role in the implementation of blockchain. Any application implementing blockchain uses consensus algorithms to achieve its desired task.
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Topic review
Updated time: 27 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Jamilya Nurgazina
Definition: "Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) is a term used to represent a digital network of distributed models, consisting of blockchain-based ledgers, and collaborating on shared tasks and activities. Blockchain technology is a data structure, composed of “blocks”, that are cryptographically linked together in a chained sequence using cryptographic hashes, secured against manipulations. Due to wider functionality, DLT is a commonly used term for a computer-based system consisting of distributed ledger-based data structures, which can provide increased levels of trust, service availability, resiliency, and security of digital systems, as well as distributed storage, computation, and control."
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Topic review
Updated time: 18 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Thorsten Jelinek
Definition: Twenty-first century infrastructure needs to respond to changing demographics, becoming climate neutral, resilient, and economically affordable, while remaining a driver for development and shared prosperity. However, the infrastructure sector remains one of the least innovative and digitalized, plagued by delays, cost overruns, and benefit shortfalls.
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Topic review
Updated time: 21 Sep 2021
Submitted by: __ Imran
Definition: Intrusion detection systems and intrusion prevention systems are to prevent network intruders' attack and malicious compliance. Network communities have produced benchmark datasets available for researchers to improve the accuracy of intrusion detection systems. The scientific community has presented data mining and machine learning-based mechanisms to detect intrusion with high classification accuracy.
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Topic review
Updated time: 10 Jun 2021
Submitted by: Jose Machado
Definition: The processing of information in real-time (through the processing of complex events) has become an essential task for the optimal functioning of manufacturing plants. Only in this way can artificial intelligence, data extraction, and even business intelligence techniques be applied, and the data produced daily be used in a beneficent way, enhancing automation processes and improving service delivery.
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Topic review
Updated time: 07 May 2021
Submitted by: Amirah Alomari
Definition: Software-defined networks (SDN) is an evolution in networking field where the data plane is separated from the control plane and all the controlling and management tasks are deployed in a centralized controller.
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Topic review
Updated time: 23 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Naim Ahmad
Definition: Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) is a technique to establish the interrelationships between elements of interest in a specific domain through experts’ knowledge of the context of the elements. Every discipline is expanding its frontier and multiple disciplinary approaches have become essential to solve complex problems. This leads to the study of a large number of constructs of interests simultaneously. These constructs may have been identified in theory or practice. Warfield in the 1970’s developed a technique to establish an interrelationship model between variables known as interpretive structural modeling (ISM). The holistic picture of important constructs in the structured form derived from ISM technique helps the practitioners to solve the problem effectively. This technique is widely used due to its simplistic procedure and profound value addition in problem solving in different domains.
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Topic review
Updated time: 06 Jun 2021
Submitted by: Ajit Singh
Definition: Big data is growing so fast that current storage technologies and analytical tools are gradually feeling their inefficiencies not only to store and manage the valuable data but also to take full advantages of the opportunities and business insights that enormous data can offer. Since 2014, the concept of a data lake is increasingly becoming a popular solution among information leaders and big data-driven companies to deal with the challenges that brought about by big data. However, due to lacking of enough established best practices or related theories, some practitioners are still being kept outside the gate to a less risky implementation of a data lake. Besides, practitioners can hardly find any references which are free of bias, such as academic researches or reports, and are hardly able to support them with the reality of building a data lake at preset from an independent perspective.
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Topic review
Updated time: 27 Mar 2021
Submitted by: Florin Leon
Definition: Tracking: identifying traffic participants, i.e., cars, pedestrians, and obstacles from sequences of images, sensor data, or observations. It is assumed that some preprocessing of sensor data and/or input images has already been done. Trajectory prediction: anticipating the future trajectories and motion of other vehicles in order to facilitate navigating through various traffic conditions.
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