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Topic review
Updated time: 17 Sep 2021
Submitted by: Zonghai Chen
Definition: An autonomous driving system consists of perception, planning, decision, and control, which is illustrated in. The perception subsystem is the basis for other subsystems. It takes data captured from different sensors as input to obtain vehicle’s position and location, also including the size and direction of surrounding objects.
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Updated time: 06 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Haoxuan Yu
Abstract: Nowadays, the communication-based train control(CBTC) system is commonly used in the urban rail transit system all over the world, and the CBTC systems currently operating worldwide are the "Products" of advances in Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence.
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Topic review
Updated time: 15 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Maxim Dulebenets
Definition: Highway-rail grade crossing (HRGC) accidents pose a serious risk of safety to highway users, including pedestrians trying to cross HRGCs. A significant increase in the number of HRGC accidents globally calls for greater research efforts, which are not limited to the analysis of accidents at HRGCs but also understanding user perception, driver behavior, potential conflicting areas at crossings, effectiveness of countermeasures and user perception towards them. HRGC safety is one of the priority areas in the State of Florida, since the state HRGCs experienced a total of 429 injuries and 146 fatalities between 2010 and 2019 with a significant increase in HRGC accidents over the last years.
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Topic review
Updated time: 01 Sep 2021
Submitted by: Muhammad Hamza Naseem
Definition: Industry 4.0 is better known as the fourth industrial revolution and describes a future production system’s vision. In 2011, the idea of Industry 4.0 was first given and implemented by the German government for supporting automation in manufacturing. The fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) focuses on enabling automation to integrate all manufacturing industries’ systems to achieve sustainability. There are many disruptive technologies such as the Internet of things (IoT). This means that all the devices, machines, and processes in supply chains are digitally connected through an internet connection and share the real-time information of all the processes. The Internet of things (IoT) integrates different technologies such as sensors, networks, algorithms, and applications. The IoT enables businesses to improve their supply chain network and gain better productivity. Cyber–physical system (C.P.S.) is another fundamental technology of industry 4.0. C.P.S. can be implemented in many industries such as healthcare, logistics, and automobiles. From an operational view, logistics is the critical function of any business that engages the supply chain movements. A cyber-physical system allows the supply chain network to use networking, computation, and physical processes to add value in the production process to achieve competitiveness. Another concept of Industry 4.0 concerns automatic guided vehicles (A.G.V.), which are widely used by many companies.
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