Topic Review
Fresh Fruit Supply Chain Optimization
The fresh fruit chain has been recognized as a very important and strategic part of the economic development of many countries. The planning framework for production and distribution is highly complex as a result. Mathematical models have been developed over the decades to deal with this complexity. This review focuses on the recent progress in mathematically based decision making to account for uncertainties in the fresh fruit supply chain
  • 706
  • 27 Jul 2021
Topic Review
Journal Axioms
Axioms (ISSN 2075-1680) is an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal of mathematics, mathematical logic and mathematical physics, published quarterly online by MDPI. It's now indexed within SCIE (Web of Science), Scopus, dblp, and other databases.
  • 234
  • 26 Sep 2021
Topic Review Peer Reviewed
Mechanics and Mathematics in Ancient Greece
This entry presents an overview on how mechanics in Greece was linked to geometry. In ancient Greece, mechanics was about lifting heavy bodies, and mathematics almost coincided with geometry. Mathematics interconnected with mechanics at least from the 5th century BCE and became dominant in the Hellenistic period. The contributions by thinkers such as Aristotle, Euclid, and Archytas on fundamental problems such as that of the lever are sketched. This entry can be the starting point for a deeper investigation on the connections of the two disciplines through the ages until our present day.
  • 210
  • 13 Apr 2022
Topic Review
Technology for Science Education
The COVID-19 confinement has represented both opportunities and losses for education. Rarely before has any other period moved the human spirit into such discipline or submission—depending on one’s personal and emotional points of view. Both extremes have been widely influenced by external factors on each individual’s life path. Education in the sciences and engineering has encountered more issues than other disciplines due to specialized mathematical handwriting, experimental demonstrations, abstract complexity, and lab practices. 
  • 135
  • 22 Sep 2021
Topic Review
Boundary Conditions, Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Equations
In this entry, we present a systematical review on boundary conditions (BCs) for partial differential equations (PDEs) from nonequilibrium thermodynamics. From a stability point of view, such PDEs should satisfy the structural stability condition. In particular, they constitute hyperbolic systems, for which the generalized Kreiss condition (UKC) is a sufficient and essentially necessary condition for the well-posedness of the corresponding models (PDEs with BCs).
  • 105
  • 08 Oct 2021
Topic Review
Oscillatory Properties of Noncanonical Neutral DDEs of Second-Order
A DDE is a single-variable differential equation, usually called time, in which the derivative of the solution at a certain time is given in terms of the values of the solution at earlier times. Moreover, if the highest-order derivative of the solution appears both with and without delay, then the DDE is called of the neutral type. The neutral DDEs have many interesting applications in various branches of applied science, as these equations appear in the modeling of many technological phenomena. The problem of studying the oscillatory and nonoscillatory properties of DDEs has been a very active area of research in the past few decades.
  • 105
  • 19 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Object 3d Reconstruction
The present paper summarized the existing methods of 3D reconstruction of objects by the Shape-From-Focus (SFF) method. This is a method for recovering depth from an image series of the same object taken with different focus settings, referred to as a multifocal image.
  • 95
  • 08 Oct 2021
Topic Review
Oscillation of Solutions for Fractional Difference Equations
Oscillation is one of the important branches in applied mathematics and can be induced or destroyed by the introduction of nonlinearity, delay, or a stochastic term. The oscillation of differential and difference equations contributes to many realistic applications, such as torsional oscillations, the oscillation of heart beats, sinusoidal oscillation, voltage-controlled neuron models, and harmonic oscillation with damping. 
  • 83
  • 29 Apr 2022
Topic Review
Design and Experience of Mobile Applications
With the tremendous growth in mobile phones, mobile application development is an important emerging arena. Moreover, various applications fail to serve the purpose of getting the attention of the intended users, which is determined by their User Interface (UI) and User Experience (UX). As a result, developers often find it challenging to meet the users’ expectations. Various aspects of design and the experience of mobile applications using UX/UI are explored. 
  • 76
  • 20 Jul 2022