Topic Review
Deep Learning Methods for Solving the NLI Problem
Natural language inference (NLI) is one of the most important natural language understanding (NLU) tasks. NLI expresses the ability to infer information during spoken or written communication. The NLI task concerns the determination of the entailment relation of a pair of sentences, called the premise and hypothesis. If the premise entails the hypothesis, the pair is labeled as an “entailment”. If the hypothesis contradicts the premise, the pair is labeled a “contradiction”, and if there is not enough information to infer a relationship, the pair is labeled as “neutral”.
  • 168
  • 26 Apr 2024
Topic Review Peer Reviewed
Pandemic Equation and COVID-19 Evolution
The Pandemic Equation describes multiple pandemic waves and has been applied to describe the COVID-19 pandemic. Using the generalized approaches of solid-state physics, we derive the Pandemic Equation, which accounts for the effects of pandemic mitigation measures and multiple pandemic waves. The Pandemic Equation uses slow and fast time scales for “curve flattening” and describing vaccination and mitigation measures and the Scaled Fermi–Dirac distribution functions for describing transitions between pandemic waves. The Pandemic Equation parameters extracted from the pandemic curves can be used for comparing different scenarios of the pandemic evolution and for extrapolating the pandemic evolution curves for the periods of time on the order of the instantaneous Pandemic Equation characteristic time constant. The parameter extraction for multiple locations could also allow for uncertainty quantification for such pandemic evolution predictions.
  • 525
  • 19 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Internet of Things Foundations
Es importante realizar pruebas de velocidad de Internet regularmente para asegurarse de que está recibiendo el servicio que paga y que cumple con sus necesidades. Las pruebas de velocidad pueden ayudarlo prueba con el plan de Internet que tiene para ver si está obteniendo la velocidad prometida.prueba de velocidad puede ayudarlo a identificar la causa del problema, como la congestión de la red, problemas con su proveedor de servicios de Internet (ISP) o problemas con su equipo. Calle Jovellanos, 31,Oviedo,33003,Spain
  • 277
  • 18 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Internet of Beer
Today Internet of Things (IoT) is a widespread definition indicating a set of “smart objects” (smart devices) connected to and through the internet. Through the connection, information is observed, recorded, analyzed, and transferred, in a context in which “things” talk to each other and then carry out consequent actions.
  • 2.2K
  • 15 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Statistical Analysis of Intensive Care Unit COVID-19 Data
COVID-19 caused a pandemic, due to its ease of transmission and high number of infections. The evolution of the pandemic and its consequences for the mortality and morbidity of populations, especially the elderly, generated several scientific studies and many research projects. Among them, researchers have the Predictive Models of COVID-19 Outcomes for Higher Risk Patients Towards a Precision Medicine (PREMO) research project. For such a project with many data records, it is necessary to provide a smooth graphical analysis to extract value from it.
  • 1.2K
  • 10 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Securing Internet of Things Applications Using Key Management
The Internet of Things (IoT) emerged when everyday objects began connecting to the Internet and interacting with each other autonomously without human intervention. IoT devices follow the IEEE 802.15.4 standard to enable network connectivity for resource-constrained devices using short-range, lightweight communication protocols.
  • 164
  • 07 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Denoising Technique for CT Images
Denoising computed tomography (CT) medical images is crucial in preserving information and restoring images contaminated with noise. Standard filters have extensively been used for noise removal and fine details’ preservation. During the transmission of medical images, noise degrades the visibility of anatomical structures and subtle abnormalities, making it difficult for radiologists to accurately diagnose and interpret medical conditions. 
  • 220
  • 07 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Classification of Tumor in Brain Magnetic Resonance Images
Brain tumors can cause serious health complications and lead to death if not detected accurately. Therefore, early-stage detection of brain tumors and accurate classification of types of brain tumors play a major role in diagnosis. Timely detection, diagnosis, and classification of brain tumors have been instrumental in effective treatment planning for the recovery and life extension of the patient. Brain tumor detection is a procedure to differentiate the abnormal tissues for example active tumor tissue, edema tissue from normal tissues for example gray matter, white matter.
  • 284
  • 02 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Diffusion-Based Method for Pavement Crack Detection
Pavement crack detection is of significant importance in ensuring road safety and smooth traffic flow. However, pavement cracks come in various shapes and forms which exhibit spatial continuity, and algorithms need to adapt to different types of cracks while preserving their continuity. Some studies have already applied the feature learning capability of generative models to crack detection. 
  • 152
  • 01 Apr 2024
Topic Review
Enhancing Communication Security an In-Vehicle Wireless Sensor Network
The adoption of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in vehicle systems represents a transformative development in the automotive sector, broadening the scope of functionalities from simple monitoring and control to facilitating sophisticated driver assistance and self-driving features. Secure in-vehicle communication systems are integral to the realization of fully connected and automated urban environments, where vehicles and city systems operate in harmony to optimize city life.
  • 170
  • 01 Apr 2024
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