Topic Review
Indoor Environmental Quality Assessment and Occupant Satisfaction
As occupants spend almost 90% of their day indoors, especially in the workplaces, Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) plays a primary role in health and wellbeing, productivity, and building energy consumption. Adopting the IEQ and Post-Occupancy Evaluation (POE), data has been gathered from nine multilevel open offices within a university building located in Al Ain, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for three winter months. Physical parameters were monitored using data loggers to record the main IEQ factors.
  • 56
  • 29 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Fatigue and Aviation Safety
Fatigue has been identified as a safety hazard that has the potential to reduce the optimal performance required of aviation professionals such as pilots. Fatigue as a construct is defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO, Montreal, QC, Canada) as a “reduction of mental state or physical performance that results from sleep loss, extended wakefulness, an excessive workload, and or poor lifestyle choices”.
  • 32
  • 15 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Dimethyl Ether Fuel
Dimethyl ether (DME), like hydrogen, can be used as an activator in the combustion process, affecting its course. A higher rate of hydrogen and DME combustion accelerates the natural gas combustion initiation process, and should also have an effect on liquid petroleum gas (LPG) combustion. Both these gaseous fuels are currently used extensively to power motor vehicles.
  • 25
  • 12 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) design based on the installation of a fuel cell (FC) module in the existing Daewoo Tico electric vehicle to increase its range in urban areas. Installing an FC module supplied by a 2 kg hydrogen tank would not significantly increase the mass of the electric vehicle, and the charging time of the hydrogen tank is lower than the battery charging time.
  • 84
  • 08 Jul 2022
Topic Review Peer Reviewed
The Role of GNSS-RTN in Transportation Applications
The Global Navigation Satellite System—Real-Time Network (GNSS-RTN) is a satellite-based positioning system using a network of ground receivers (also called continuously operating reference stations (CORSs)) and a central processing center that provides highly accurate location services to the users in real-time over a broader geographic region. Such systems can provide geospatial location data with centimeter-level accuracy anywhere within the network. Geospatial location services are not only used in measuring ground distances and mapping topography; they have also become vital in many other fields such as aerospace, aviation, natural disaster management, and agriculture, to name but a few. The innovative and multi-disciplinary applications of geospatial data drive technological advancement towards precise and accurate location services available in real-time. Although GNSS-RTN technology is currently utilized in a few industries such as precision farming, construction industry, and land surveying, the implications of precise real-time location services would be far-reaching and more critical to many advanced transportation applications. The GNSS-RTN technology is promising in meeting the needs of automation in most advanced transportation applications. This article presents an overview of the GNSS-RTN technology, its current applications in transportation-related fields, and a perspective on the future use of this technology in advanced transportation applications. 
  • 52
  • 05 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Road Traffic Crashes
Road traffic crashes (RTCs) are a major problem for authorities and governments worldwide. They incur losses of property, human lives, and productivity. 20 to 50 million people are injured in RTCs every year. The involvement of teenage drivers and road users is alarmingly prevalent in RTCs since traffic injuries unduly impact the working-age group (15–44 years). 
  • 146
  • 01 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Risk Management Methodology for Transport Infrastructure Security
The development of transport infrastructure is associated with risks, expressed in the likelihood of harm to the road users’ health during road accidents and their consequences. The risk management process is aimed at reducing the influence of factors that contribute to the occurrence of an accident and increase the consequences’ severity after it. 
  • 35
  • 28 Jun 2022
Topic Review
Battery Management System Subsystems and Their Influence
As the battery provides the entire propulsion power in electric vehicles (EVs), the utmost importance should be ascribed to the battery management system (BMS) which controls all the activities associated with the battery. 
  • 63
  • 28 Jun 2022
Topic Review
Time-of-day Traffic Signal Control
Improperly scheduled signal timing plans are one of the main reasons for reduced efficiency of traffic signals at coordinated urban arterials. Time-of-day (TOD) traffic signal control is based on the principle where multiple TOD signal timing plans (STPs) are scheduled to operate during the day. TOD plans are characterized by a unique cycle length that is highly correlated with traffic volumes. The determination of characteristic periods during the day where certain signal timing plans should operate was primarily done using the 24 h volume plots from single intersection and engineering judgments. In cases where data availability is higher, the analytical methods that serve for the determination of robust TOD breakpoints were not in place.
  • 48
  • 27 Jun 2022
Topic Review
Radar Signal Processing Fundamentals
Knowledge of radar signal processing is essential for the development of a deep radar perception system. Different radar devices vary in their sensing capabilities. It is important to leverage radar domain knowledge to understand the performance boundary, find key scenarios, and solve critical problems. 
  • 246
  • 08 Jun 2022
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