Topic Review Peer Reviewed
Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
Quantum mechanics is a mathematical formalism that models the dynamics of physical objects. It deals with the elementary constituents of matter (atoms, subatomic and elementary particles) and of radiation. It is very accurate in predicting observable physical phenomena, but has many puzzling properties. The foundations of quantum mechanics are a domain in which physics and philosophy concur in attempting to find a fundamental physical theory that explains the puzzling features of quantum mechanics, while remaining consistent with its mathematical formalism. Several theories have been proposed for different interpretations of quantum mechanics. However, there is no consensus regarding any of these theories.
  • 352
  • 07 Jun 2022
Topic Review
The Concept of “Quantum-Like”
The birth and spread of the prefix “quantum-” to disciplines other than physics, and the introduction of the term “quantum-like”, reflect the increasing dissatisfaction with the perceived limits and pitfalls of classic Western thought. Of course, the latter remains valuable; what is wrong is its dogmatic use and the claim of its exclusive capacity to comprehend the world. The development of quantum physics has been paralleled by the introduction of paraconsistent logics, such as fuzzy logic and dialetheism, a clear sign of the need for smoothing the inflexibility of Aristotelian logic. There is also a fil rouge (viz. an epistemological symmetry) linking the paradigm of quantum physics to ancient pre-Socratic and Eastern philosophies, suggesting the need for reappraising them in the process of reexamination of the classical thought. The increasing use of the term “quantum-like” calls for the defining and sharing of its meaning in order to properly adopt it and avoid possible misuse. 
  • 111
  • 14 Mar 2022
Topic Review
Quantum Stream Cipher
Quantum cryptography includes quantum key distribution (QKD) and quantum stream cipher, but the researchers point out that the latter is expected as the core technology of next-generation communication systems. Various ideas have been proposed for QKD quantum cryptography, but most of them use a single-photon or similar signal. Then, although such technologies are applicable to special situations, these methods still have several difficulties to provide functions that surpass conventional technologies for social systems in the real environment. Thus, the quantum stream cipher has come to be expected as one promising countermeasure, which artificially creates quantum properties using special modulation techniques based on the macroscopic coherent state. In addition, it has the possibility to provide superior security performance than one-time pad cipher.
  • 69
  • 25 May 2022
Topic Review
Colloidal Quantum Dots-Based Upconversion Devices
Colloidal quantum dots (CQD) have narrow emission linewidth and adjustable bandgap, so that CQD based infrared detectors can realize a widely tunable infrared spectral range. In addition, the luminescence spectrum of CQDs is extremely narrow, the color saturation and purity are high, and the optical stability is excellent, which can be obtained by solution procession. Therefore, CQDs-based LEDs (QLEDs) have excellent performances of a wide color gamut, long life, and low cost. For CQD baesd upconverters, except for the top electrode, the entire device can be prepared by solution method, which greatly simplifies the preparation of the device and make the upconverters are available for use in the fields of flexible devices.
  • 64
  • 31 Mar 2022