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Age-Friendly Built Environment
Age-friendly built environments have been promoted by the World Health Organisation (WHO, Geneva, Switzerland) under the Global Age-friendly Cities (AFC) movement in which three domains are related to the built environment. These are: housing, transportation, outdoor spaces and public buildings. The aim is to foster active ageing by optimising opportunities for older adults to maximise their independent living ability and participate in their communities to enhance their quality of life and wellbeing. An age-friendly built environment is inclusive, accessible, respects individual needs and addresses the wide range of capacities across the course of life. Age-friendly housing promotes ageing in familiar surroundings and maintains social connections at the neighbourhood and community levels. Both age-friendly housing and buildings provide barrier-free provisions to minimise the needs for subsequent adaptations. Age-friendly public and outdoor spaces encourage older adults to spend time outside and engage with others against isolation and loneliness. Age-friendly public transport enables older adults to get around and enhances their mobility. For achieving an age-friendly living environment, a holistic approach is required to enable independent living, inclusion and active participation of older adults in society. The eight domains of the AFC movement are not mutually exclusive but overlap and support with one another.
2. Applications and Influences
2.1. Age-Friendly Housing and Buildings
2.2. Age-Friendly Public Spaces and Neighbourhoods/Communities
2.3. Age-Friendly Transportation
3. Conclusions and Prospects
4. Lists of Design Standards and Guidelines
4.1. Age-Friendly Housing and Buildings
Accessibility of Housing: A Handbook of Inclusive Affordable Housing Solutions for Persons with Disabilities and Older Persons ;
ADA Standards for Accessible Design;
ANSI A117.1 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities;
AS 1428.1 Design for Access and Mobility–General Requirements for Access–New Building Work;
AS 1428.2 Design for Access and Mobility–Enhanced and Additional Requirements–Buildings and Facilities;
AS 4299 Adaptable Housing;
BS 4467 Guide to Dimensions in Designing for Elderly People;
BS 8300-2 Design of an Accessible and Inclusive Built Environment–Part 2: Buildings–Code of Practice;
BS 9266 Design of Accessible and Adaptable General Needs Housing–Code of Practice;
Design Principles for Extra Care Housing 
Designing for Inclusion and Independence: An Explanatory Guide to support the Briefing and Design of Accessible Housing ;
Homes4Life: Certification for Ageing in Place ;
Housing Enabler Screening Tool ;
Housing for Life ;
ICC A117.1 Standard for Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities;
ISO/IEC Guide 71 Guide for Addressing Accessibility in Standards;
ISO TR 22,411 Ergonomics Data for Use in the Application of ISO/IEC Guide 71
Lifetime Homes Design Guide ;
Livable Housing Design Guidelines ;
Lifemark Design Standards Handbook ;
FlexHousing: Building Adaptable Housing ;
Older Persons Housing Design: A European Good Practice Guide ;
Universal Design for Houses ;
Universal Housing Design Guidelines ;
Wheelchair Housing Design Guide .
4.2. Age-Friendly Public Spaces and Neighbourhoods/Communities
BIP 2228 Inclusive Urban Design: A Guide to Creating Accessible Public Spaces;
BS 8300-1 Design of an Accessible and Inclusive Built Environment–Part 1: External Environment–Code of Practice;
DD ENV 14383-2 Prevention of Crime–Urban Planning and Design–Part 2: Urban Planning;
Enabling Inclusive Cities: Tool Kit for Inclusive Urban Development ;
Good Practices of Accessible Urban Development ;
Lifelong Communities Handbook: Creating Opportunities for Lifelong Living 
Lifetime Neighbourhoods ;
Livable Communities: An Evaluation Guide ;
Neighbourhoods for Life: A Checklist of Recommendations for Designing Dementia-friendly Outdoor Environments ;
The Inclusive Imperative: Towards Disability-inclusive and Accessible Urban Development: Key Recommendations for an Inclusive Urban Agenda .
4.3. Age-Friendly Transportation
Connecting Transportation & Health: A Guide to Communication & Collaboration. ;
Guidelines: Equivalent Access under the Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transport 2002 (Cth) ;
Improving Transport Accessibility for All: Guide to Good Practice ;
Improving Accessibility to Transport for People with Limited Mobility (PLM): A Practical Guidance Note ;
Inclusive Mobility: Making Transport Accessible for Passengers and Pedestrians ;
The Whole Journey: A Guide for Thinking Beyond Compliance to Create Accessible Public Transport Journeys ;
Transit Universal Design Guidelines: Principles and Best Practices for Implementing Universal Design in Transit .
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