Template:Infobox monarchy Template:Infobox hrhstyles Hazrat Ishaan (Persian: حضرت ایشان; also transliterated as Hazrat Ishaan and Hasrat Eshan) is an aristocratic title held by the Imām of the House of Hazrat Ishaan (also known as Mirjanian in honor of Sayyid Mir Jan), who simultaneously is the spiritual and political supreme leader of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order and the Sayyids. All Hazrat Ishaans claim descent from Muhammad, last prophet of Islam, through Hasan al Askari, Sayyid Abdul Qadir Gilani and Bahauddin Naqshband.
According to Yasin Qasvari, a scholar of the Naqshbandi Sufi order, Hazrat Ishaan is an honorific title used by The Khan of Bokhara Abdullah Khan bin Iskander and Moghul Emperor Akbar to address Khwaja Khawand Mahmud (1563-1642), the contemporary supreme leader of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order. Qasvari and David William Damrel, Professor of Religious studies in South Carolina and Pluralism Project Affiliate at Harvard University furthermore mention that both monarchs were spiritual followers of Hazrat Ishaan, as it is believed that he saved Abdullah Khan II during an accident while hunting and prayed for Akbar to get a son.
Hazrat is a common Pakistani, Iranian, and honorific Arabic title used to honour a person. It literally denotes and translates to "presence, appearance.
Scholars attending a programm about Hazrat Ishaan I at 92 News mention that "Ishaan" is derived from the persian term "Shaan" meaning exalted, holy or blessed by God.
Thus Hazrat Ishaan is to be translated as "One with the exalted Presence". One reason why their followers called Khawand Mahmud in this manner 400 years ago is in reliance to his ancestor Abdul Qadir Gillani´s teaching of the eternal pre-existence of Muhammad´s light as the ultimate mediator between God and creation in his book Sirr ul Asrar. They thus claim that everywhere the Hazrat Ishaan is, Muhammad´s light is most "concentrated". Thus also the current surname Dakik (Persian: concentrated).
Shrine of the 11th Imam Hasan al Askari, ancestor of the Hazrat Ishaans, 23 generations to Sayyid Khawand Mahmud. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1549641
Shrine of Sayyid Ali Akbar ibn Hasan al Askari, grandpatriarch of the Hazrat Ishaans, 22 generations to The Hazrat Ishaan Muazzama. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1432477
shrine of Sayyid Abdul Qadir Gillani, ancestor in the 13th generation to Sayyid Khawand Mahmud. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1914215
shrine of Sayyid Bahauddin Naqshband, grandpatriarch with 7 generations to The Hazrat Ishaan Muazzama. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1903442
Ziyarat Hazrat Ishaan in Srinagar
Ziyarat Hazrat Ishaan in Lahore. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1437706
When Hazrat Ishaan I migrated to Kashmir, he was welcomed as their spiritual patron saint, supported by the Moghul emperors. Until today his descendants are highly esteemed in the Ziyarat Naqshband Saheb. After a Shiite rebellion against Hazrat Ishaan, he was evacuated by Shah Jahan to migrate to Lahore. There Shah Jahan has constructed a palace for him, which is his present Mausoleum in Begumpura.
As Mughal Royals, the Hazrat Ishaans to whom especially Abdussamad Khan and his son Zakariyya Khan Bahadur belonged were the viceroys of Lahore.
In regards to his popularity in the Moghul court, Khwaja Khawand Mahmud Hazrat Ishaan´s I son Sayyid Moinuddin Hadi Naqshband married the daughter of Emperor Jahangir, bestowing royalty on him. Sayyid Moinuddin´s grandson in turn also married the daughter of Aurangzeb. Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan then married a Pashtun princess, descending from Shah Ashraf Hotak, whose daughter Sayyida Rahima married the Pathan Musahiban Prince Abdul Khalek Khan, who was a pioneer of Natural Science of the Pashtun people, becoming the permanent Ambassador of the Kingdom of Afghanistan to the United Nation, cousin and right hand person of Prince Muhammad Daoud Khan, both descending from the Afghan King Sultan Muhammad Khan. The Pashtun Musahiban royal family was known for their loyality to Sayyid Mir Jan. Members of the former royal Pashtun royal family are buried in the Mausoleum of Hazrat Ishaan in Begumpura.
H.I.M. Emperor Jahangir of the Mughal Empire was a dedicated follower of his grandmaster the Hazrat Ishaan Muazzama. He believed that he was born through the prayers of Hazrat Ishaan Muazzama and gave his daughter in marriage to his son Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Moinuddin Hadi Naqshband. Thus he is also an ancestor of the next Hazrat Ishaans after him. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1730514
H.M. Emperor Aurangzeb of the Mughal Empire, Follower and ancestor of the current Hazrat Ishaans. Aurangzeb gave his daughter in marriage to Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Nizamuddin. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1464900
The Hazrat Ishaans were traditional viceroys of Lahore. H.I.H. Abd al-Samad Khan, Hazrat Ishaan and viceroy of Lahore, received by his relative Jahandar Shah. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1874509
H.I.M. Shah Ashraf Hotak, Emperor of Persia Follower and ancestor of the Hazrat Ishaans. Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan married a Pashtun tribal princess descending from Shah Ashraf Hotaki. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1549828
H.I.M. Sultan Abdulhamit II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire followed his grandmaster Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Mir Fazlullah Agha and invited him to become Grand Mufti of Constantinople. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1197683
HRH Prince Dr. Abdul Khaliq Khan, Prince of Afghanistan, grandson in law of Sayyid Mir Fazlullah Agha and grandfather of the current Hazrat Ishaans in the UN General assembly in New York City. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1328482
H.R.H. Prince Mohammed Daoud Khan, Prince of Afghanistan, President of Afghanistan and relative of the Hazrat Ishaans with US President Gerald Ford. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1877318
Sayyid Mir Jan, the contemporary head of the family of Hazrat Ishaan in the 19th century, reactivated the social influence of the Hazrat Ishaans after the collapse of the Mughal Empire. He together with his siblings was known for his humanitarian initiatives. On the occasion of the influence of his family and his disciples on the British Indian and Pashtun Royal administration he was regarded by many sources as the most powerful contemporary Sufi Saint in British India.
After the demise of Sayyid Mir Jan in year 1901, many followers of him, like Muhammad Iqbal joined and essentially influences the All-India Muslim League as senior leaders close to Muhammad Ali Jinnah and thus were central in creating the Pakistan through political and military measures. Muhammad Iqbal for instance was known for his interest in Persian language and culture, which Sayyid Mir Jan promoted in Punjab. Muhammad Iqbal´s affiliation to Hazrat Ishaan is furthermore on the occasion of his ancestors coming from Kashmir, where the Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Moinuddin Hadi Naqshband and his descendants are regarded as patron saints. Supreme Judge Javed Iqbal, the son of late Muhammad Iqbal is buried in the mausoleum of the Hazrat Ishaans in Begumpura and is next to other Sufi politicians known to be a popular follower of the Hazrat Ishaan, especially as followers of Sayyid Mir Jan.
Allama Iqbal, Mureed (follower) of the Hazrat Ishaans, especially Sayyid Mir Jan. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1182116
All India Muslim League Working Committee Lahore 1940 https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1283354
Senior Justice of the Pakistani Supreme Court Javid Iqbal, follower of the Hazrat Ishaans, buried in Begampura. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1588074
The Hazrat Ishaans and their followers the Naqshbandis substantiate their leadership as rightful successors of Prophet Muhammad on the occasion of a certain line of prediction from Muhammad over leading Saints, so called Ghaus or Aqtab reaching Sayyid Mir Jan as the promised Khwaja-e-Khwajagan-Jahan, meaning "Khwaja of all Khwajas of the world".
In pride of:
The Hazrat Ishaans today have chosen the surname Dakik(Persian: "concentrated") and Sadaat (abbreviation of "Sayyid ul Sadaat"), claiming that their bloodline is the purest to their ancestor Muhammad and that they rightfully succeed him, spiritually and socially.
They are acting as Lobbyists advising governments worldwide on the occasion of current political topics. Furthermore they are advising states in their development through international aid initiatives and diplomatic rapprochement. One such example is the contribution of the development of the renewable energy infrastructure in the GCC countries. The Hazrat Ishaans have followers worldwide and are regarded as a philanthropic and diplomatic bridge between developed and developing countries.
The Hazrat Ishaans also claim the leadership of the Qadiri Sufi Order, as representative descendants of Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Gilani, son of the founder of the order Sayyid Abdul Qadir Gilani. One of the most well known descendants of Sayyid Abdul Razzaq Gillani was Sayyid Bahauddin Naqshband, whose mother Sayyida Arifa descended from Abdul Razzaq in a matrilineal line. Through his mother Bahauddin was crucially influenced by his ancestor´s teachings, which is the reason why Bahauddin´s descendants today the Hazrat Ishaans claim to also lead the Qadiri Sufi Order as spiritual successors of their ancestor Abdul Razzaq through their patriarch Bahauddin. The current Hazrat Ishaans hold the point of view that all orders are part of the Qadiriyya as a mother order and since the Naqshbandiyya is regarded as the so called "peacook order" in their point of view, they also claim to lead the Qaidiri Sufi Order.
The title Prince is used in Sunni Islam for the Hazrat Ishaans, who are leading the Naqshbandi Sufi order as blood descendants of their grandpatriarch Sayyid Bahauddin Naqshband. The title "Shahzada", "Amir", "Mir" and "Sardar" are all translated as Prince and are until today used to address the Hazrat Ishaans in regards to their relations to the Mughal and Pashtun royal family and to pay tribute to their responsibility of leading the Naqshbandi Sufi Order. It is until today used as a strengthened custom that survived the abolishment of the Afghan monarchy on the occasion of the Soviet Invasion in Afghanistan.
Graves of the three Hazrat Ishaans in Lahore Sayyid Khawand Mahmud, Sayyid Mir Jan and Sayyid Mahmud Agha. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1942277
Grave of H.I.H. Hazrat Ishaan Prince Sayyid Moinuddin Hadi Naqshband, Prince of the Mughal Empire. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1180180
H.H. Hazrat Ishaan XIV Prince Sayyid Raphael Dakik, eldest son of H.H. Hazrat Ishaan Sayyid Sultan Masood Dakik. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1427791