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Encyclopedia Entry Collections collate entries on a specific topic to build a community of authors and readers to record and popularize knowledge, and develop new ideas and research directions. These are led by Academic Editors who are experts in their field, and will published on a dedicated page on the Encyclopedia platform.
MedlinePlus
Number of Entries: 2148
MedlinePlus is an online health information resource. It is a service of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), the world's largest medical library, which is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). To promote the transmission of knowledge, this entry collection contains information about the effects of genetic variation on human health transferred from MedlinePlus.
Metabolic Disorders and Sport
Academic Editor: Antonio Cicchella
Number of Entries: 2
Sport is a human activity which has existed on a large scale since the end of 19th century. The spread of sport has improved quality of life and health, but at the same time has developed a new, previously unknown, cohort of diseases. These disease can be linked to heavy training (e.g. renal failure for kidney overload due to lactate removal); to vascular problems due to catabolites accumulation; to rapid weight gain after sport termination in heavy training athletes and other dysmetab ...More
Myocardial Infarction
Number of Entries: 1
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and acute myocardial infarction is still responsible for a significant number of preventable deaths. In recent months, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a significant decrease in the number of patients with acute coronary syndromes who have managed to arrive in time to cath labs for the guideline-recommended revascularization procedure. Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of acute myocardial infarctio ...More
Neurodegeneration
Number of Entries: 34
Neurodegeneration refers to the progressive loss of neuron structure or function, which may eventually lead to cell death. Many neurodegenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease and prion disease, are the results of neurodegenerative processes. Neurodegeneration can be found in many different levels of neuronal circuits in the brain, from molecules to systems. Since there is no known met ...More
Neuroinflammation
Academic Editor: Vittorio Gentile
Number of Entries: 0
Neuroinflammation seems to play a pivotal role in various chronic neurodegenerative diseases, characterized also by the pathogenetic accumulation of specific protein aggregates. Several of these proteins have been shown to be substrates of transglutaminases, calcium-dependent enzymes that catalyze protein crosslinking reactions. Recently, it has been demonstrated that transglutaminase 2 (TG2), a member of the transglutaminase enzymes family, may also be involved in molecular mechanisms ...More
Nitric Oxide: Physiology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutic Applications
Number of Entries: 7
Nitric oxide, a gaseous free radical, is one of the ten smallest molecules found in nature. NO regulates vascular relaxation, controls inflammation, and suppresses expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in mast cells, macrophages, and vascular smooth muscles. NO regulates blood flow and modulates platelet and leukocyte activation, adhesion, and aggregation. This Entry Collection aims to help advance our understanding of the role that NO plays in physiology and pharmacology, which may ...More
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Number of Entries: 22
NMR has revolutionized structure determination and is a technique used in a very wide range of disciplines from biology, chemistry, material science, polymers and biopolymers, to drug design, food science, etc. Although the technique has been around for more than seventy years, it is still in development, both instrumentally with higher magnetic fields, better probes, improving pulse sequences and signal manipulation, and in solid state NMR with higher spinning speeds, and in relation ...More
Organic Synthesis
Number of Entries: 55
With the growth of satellite and airborne-based platforms, remote sensing is gaining increasing attention in recent decades. Every day, sensors acquire data with different modalities and several resolutions. Leveraging on their complementary properties is a key scientific challenge, usually called remote sensing data fusion. Data fusion can be performed at three different processing levels: 1) pixel-based or raw level; 2) object-based or feature level; 3) decision level. Fusion at pixe ...More
Peptides for Health Benefits
Number of Entries: 40
High potency, specificity and a good safety profile are the main strengths of bioactive peptides as new and promising therapies that may fill the gap between small molecules and protein drugs. These positive attributes of peptides, along with advances in drug delivery technologies, have contributed to a renewed interest in the discovery, optimization and development of peptides as pharmacological therapy. The entry collection aims to cover all aspects of peptide research in relation to ...More
Remote Sensing Data Fusion
Number of Entries: 27
With the growth of satellite and airborne-based platforms, remote sensing is gaining increasing attention in recent decades. Every day, sensors acquire data with different modalities and several resolutions. Leveraging on their complementary properties is a key scientific challenge, usually called remote sensing data fusion. Data fusion can be performed at three different processing levels: 1) pixel-based or raw level; 2) object-based or feature level; 3) decision level. Fusion at pixe ...More