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HandWiki. Argonaut Class Reactor. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/34671 (accessed on 13 June 2024).
HandWiki. Argonaut Class Reactor. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/34671. Accessed June 13, 2024.
HandWiki. "Argonaut Class Reactor" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/34671 (accessed June 13, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, November 15). Argonaut Class Reactor. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/34671
HandWiki. "Argonaut Class Reactor." Encyclopedia. Web. 15 November, 2022.
Argonaut Class Reactor
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The Argonaut class reactor is a design of small nuclear research reactor. Many have been built throughout the world, over a wide range of power levels. Its functions are to teach nuclear reactor theory, nuclear physics and for use in engineering laboratory experiments.

nuclear reactor nuclear physics reactor

1. Description

The original Argonaut (Argonne Nuclear Assembly for University Training) was built at Argonne National Laboratory and went critical for the first time on February 9, 1957.[1] It was shut down in 1972. This reactor was rated for 10 kilowatts.[2][3]

List of Argonaut-class research reactors in the world[4][5]
Country Facility Name Institution Thermal Power (kW) Status First criticality Final shutdown References
Australia MOATA Australian Atomic Energy Commission 100 Decommissioned 01/04/1961 31/05/1995 [6]
Austria Siemens Argonaut Reaktor-Graz (SAR-Graz) Graz University of Technology 10 Decommissioned 17/05/1965 31/08/2004 [7][8]
Brazil Argonauta Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN) 0.2 Operational 20/02/1965 [9][10]
France Ulysse CEA 100 Under decommissioning 23/07/1961 12/1997 [11][12]
France Réacteur Université de Strasbourg (RUS) University of Strasbourg 100 Decommissioned 1967 12/1997 [13]
Germany Rossendorfer Ringzonen Reaktor (RRR) Strahlenschutz, Analytik und Entsorgung Rossendorf e.V. 1 Decommissioned 16/12/1962 25/09/1991 [14][15]
Germany Schnell-Thermischen Argonaut-Reaktor (STARK) Karlsruher Institut für Technologie 0.01 Decommissioned 11/01/1963 03/1976 [14]
Germany AEG Prüfreaktor (PR-10) Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) 0.18 Decommissioned 27/01/1961 1976 [14]
Germany Siemens Argonaut Reactor (SAR) Technical University of Munich 1 Decommissioned 31/10/1968 20/03/1968 [14]
Italy Reattore Bologna Due (RB-2) AGIP Nucleare 10 Decommissioned 28/05/1963 12/1980 [16]
Japan University Test Reactor (UTR) Kinki University 0.001 Operational 11/11/1961 [17][18][19]
Netherlands Low Flux Reactor (LFR) Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group 30 Decommissioned 28/08/1960 12/2010 [20][21][22]
Netherlands Atoomreactor THE NEderland (ATHENE) Eindhoven University of Technology 10 Decommissioned 03/02/1969 1973 [23][24][25]
Spain Argos Research Reactor Polytechnic University of Catalonia 1 Decommissioned 11/06/1962 06/09/1977 [26][27][28][29]
Spain Argonaut Reactor Bilbao (ARBI) University School of Technical Industrial Engineering of Bilbao 10 Decommissioned 26/02/1962 1974 [30]
Taiwan Tsing Hua Argonaut Reactor (THAR) National Tsing Hua University 10 Decommissioned 20/04/1974 05/1991 [31][32]
UK Neutron Source Thermal Reactor (NESTOR) AEE Winfrith 30 Decommissioned 01/01/1961 06/1995 [33][34]
UK Jason Royal Naval College 10 Decommissioned 30/09/1959 07/1996 [35][36]
UK UTR-300 Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre 300 Decommissioned 01/06/1963 09/1995 [37][38][39]
UK UTR-B Queen Mary University of London 100 Decommissioned 10/06/1968 04/1982 [40][41]
UK Universities Research Reactor University of Liverpool Victoria University of Manchester 300 Decommissioned 07/07/1964 07/1991 [42][43]
USA University of Florida Training Reactor (UFTR) University of Florida 100 Operational 28/05/1959 [44]
USA UTR Test Reactor American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation 0.015 Decommissioned 01/12/1961 1963 [45]
USA University Teaching and Research Reactor (UTR-1) American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation 0.001 Decommissioned 01/02/1958 1960 [46]
USA Juggernaut Argonne National Laboratory 250 Decommissioned 11/01/1962 04/1970 [47][48]
USA UTR-10 Virginia Tech 100 Decommissioned 01/12/1959 1984 [49][50]
USA UTR-10 Iowa State University 10 Decommissioned 01/10/1959 05/1998 [51]
USA UWNR University of Washington 100 Decommissioned 01/04/1961 06/1988  
USA UCLA R1 UCLA 100 Decommissioned 01/10/1960 01/1984 [52]

References

  1. Argonne National Laboratory 2016.
  2. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology 2003, p. 23.
  3. Lennox, D.H.; Spinrad, B.I. (1956-03-01) (in English). A GENERALIZED REACTOR FACILITY FOR NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY TRAINING AND RESEARCH. Interim Report on "ARGONAUT". doi:10.2172/4370769. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1019356/. 
  4. Hawley, S. C.; Kathern, R. L.; Robkin, M. A. (1981-04-01) (in English). Analysis of Credible Accidents for Argonaut Reactors. doi:10.2172/1080075. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc838855/. 
  5. IAEA. "Research Reactor Database". https://nucleus.iaea.org/RRDB/RR/ReactorSearch.aspx. 
  6. Finlay, R.; Miller, R.; Dimitrovski, L.; Domingo, X.; Landau, P.; Valery, J.; Laloy, V.. "Australian research reactors spent fuel management: the path to sustainability" (in English). Conference Proceedings RRFM2017. http://www.euronuclear.org/meetings/rrfm2017/pdf/fullpapers/RRFM2017-A0104.pdf. 
  7. H. Böck, A. Musilek, M. Villa (2004). "Research Reactors In Austria – Present Situation". 2004 International RERTR Meeting. https://www.rertr.anl.gov/RERTR26/pdf/52-Boeck.pdf. 
  8. Mueller, H; Schuerrer, F; Ninaus, W; Oswald, K; Rabitsch, H; Kreiner, H; Neef, R D (1984) (in en). Der Siemens-Argonaut-Reaktor als Treiberzone fuer eine Hochtemperaturreaktorzelle. https://www.osti.gov/etdeweb/servlets/purl/956982. 
  9. "Brazil, Federative Republic of : Research Reactor Details – ARGONAUTA". http://www-naweb.iaea.org/napc/physics/research_reactors/database/RR%20Data%20Base/datasets/report/Brazil,%20Federative%20Republic%20of%20%20%20Research%20Reactor%20Details%20-%20ARGONAUTA.htm. 
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  11. "Saclay : le vieux réacteur nucléaire vit ses dernières heures". 20 February 2012. http://www.leparisien.fr/gif-sur-yvette-91190/ce-reacteur-nucleaire-vit-ses-dernieres-heures-20-02-2012-1868656.php. 
  12. "Ulysse INB 18 Rapport préliminaire de sûreté des opérations de démantèlement – PDF". https://docplayer.fr/50084355-Ulysse-inb-18-rapport-preliminaire-de-surete-des-operations-de-demantelement.html. 
  13. "Réacteur universitaire de Strasbourg". 7 August 2018. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=R%C3%A9acteur_universitaire_de_Strasbourg&oldid=151078850. 
  14. Ines Bredberg, Johann Hutter, Kerstin Kühn, Katarzyna Niedzwiedz, Frank Philippczyk, Julia Dose (2013). State and Development of Nuclear Power Utilization in the Federal Republic of Germany 2013 (Report). https://doris.bfs.de/jspui/bitstream/urn:nbn:de:0221-2014102711847/3/BfS-SK-24-14.pdf. 
  15. Kampf, T., Liewers, P. (1 July 1963). "The Rossendorf Ring Zone Reactor (RRR) -An Instrument For Reactor Physics Research". Kernenergie (East Germany) 6. 
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  18. G. Wakabayashi, T. Itoh, K. Hashimoto, S. Ito, H. Yamanishi, W. Sugiyama, T. Horiguchi, S. Hohara (2012). "History and Present Situation of Kinki University Reactor (UTR-KINKI)". 34th International Meeting on Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors. https://www.rertr.anl.gov/RERTR34/pdfs/S8-P16_Wakabayashi.pdf. 
  19. Shibata, Toshikazu (1992). Some Unique Activities of the Smallest Reactor: UTR・KINKI (Report). https://inis.iaea.org/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/24/023/24023740.pdf. 
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  22. NRG (2018-10-17), Ontmanteling Lage Flux Reactor in Petten, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SWMxlDQiB6A, retrieved 2018-11-12 
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  24. Bogaardt, M., Brouwers, A. (1967). Athene-Veiligheidsrapport (Report). Technische Hogeschool Eindhoven. https://pure.tue.nl/ws/files/4448888/9674.pdf. 
  25. D.H. Dodd, J.B. Grupa, M. Houkema, J.B.M. de Haas, Th. Van der Kaa & A.C. Veltkam (2000). "Direct Disposal of Spent Fuel from Test and Research Reactors in the Netherlands". COVRA Report. https://covra.nl/downloads/opera/CORA%2005%20Direct%20Disposal%20of%20Spent%20Fuel%20from%20Test%20and%20Research%20Reactors%20in%20the%20Netherlands.pdf. 
  26. "Spain dismantels research reactor" (in en). 11 September 1992. https://www.wiseinternational.org/nuclear-monitor/377/spain-dismantels-research-reactor. 
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  28. Ortega, X.; Tapia, C.; Duch, M. Amor (2002). "Decommissioning of an argonaut type reactor at the Technical University of Catalonia in Barcelona (Spain)" (in English). Towards Harmonisation of Radiation Protection in Europe: European IRPA Congress 2002. http://inis.iaea.org/Search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:37115703. 
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  30. "Decommissioning of the Argonaut Experimental Reactor ARBI" (in English). Decommissioning of Small Medical, Industrial and Research Facilities: A Simplified Stepwise Approach. 2011. http://inis.iaea.org/Search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:43017528. 
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  35. Decommissioning of research reactors : evolution, state of the art, open issues.. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. 2006. ISBN 978-9201126054. OCLC 71317149.  http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/71317149
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  38. WILSON, HENRY W. (1965). "The Scottish Research Reactor Centre" (in En). Nature 205 (4966): 10–14. doi:10.1038/205010b0. ISSN 0028-0836.  https://dx.doi.org/10.1038%2F205010b0
  39. Scott, R. D.; Banford, H. M.; East, B. W. (1997). "Defuelling of the UTR-300 research reactor" (in English). Ens RRFM '97. http://inis.iaea.org/Search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:35068351. 
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