Submitted Successfully!
To reward your contribution, here is a gift for you: A free trial for our video production service.
Thank you for your contribution! You can also upload a video entry or images related to this topic.
Version Summary Created by Modification Content Size Created at Operation
1 + 394 word(s) 394 2020-12-15 07:26:51

Video Upload Options

Do you have a full video?

Confirm

Are you sure to Delete?
Cite
If you have any further questions, please contact Encyclopedia Editorial Office.
Tang, P. HSAN5. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/6054 (accessed on 23 April 2024).
Tang P. HSAN5. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/6054. Accessed April 23, 2024.
Tang, Peter. "HSAN5" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/6054 (accessed April 23, 2024).
Tang, P. (2021, January 04). HSAN5. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/6054
Tang, Peter. "HSAN5." Encyclopedia. Web. 04 January, 2021.

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type V (HSAN5) is a condition that primarily affects the sensory nerve cells (sensory neurons), which transmit information about sensations such as pain, temperature, and touch. These sensations are impaired in people with HSAN5.

genetic conditions

1. Introduction

The signs and symptoms of HSAN5 appear early, usually at birth or during infancy. People with HSAN5 lose the ability to feel pain, heat, and cold. Deep pain perception, the feeling of pain from injuries to bones, ligaments, or muscles, is especially affected in people with HSAN5. Because of the inability to feel deep pain, affected individuals suffer repeated severe injuries such as bone fractures and joint injuries that go unnoticed. Repeated trauma can lead to a condition called Charcot joints, in which the bones and tissue surrounding joints are destroyed.

2. Frequency

HSAN5 is very rare. Only a few people with the condition have been identified.

3. Causes

Mutations in the NGF gene cause HSAN5. The NGF gene provides instructions for making a protein called nerve growth factor beta (NGFβ) that is important in the development and survival of nerve cells (neurons), including sensory neurons. The NGFβ protein functions by attaching (binding) to its receptors, which are found on the surface of neurons. Binding of the NGFβ protein to its receptor transmits signals to the cell to grow and to mature and take on specialized functions (differentiate). This binding also blocks signals in the cell that initiate the process of self-destruction (apoptosis). Additionally, NGFβ signaling plays a role in pain sensation. Mutation of the NGF gene leads to the production of a protein that cannot bind to the receptor and does not transmit signals properly. Without the proper signaling, sensory neurons die and pain sensation is altered, resulting in the inability of people with HSAN5 to feel pain.

4. Inheritance

This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but they typically do not show signs and symptoms of the condition.

5. Other Names for This Condition

  • congenital insensitivity to pain
  • congenital sensory neuropathy with selective loss of small myelinated fibers
  • hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy, type 5
  • HSAN type V
  • HSAN V
  • HSAN5

References

  1. Capsoni S, Covaceuszach S, Marinelli S, Ceci M, Bernardo A, Minghetti L,Ugolini G, Pavone F, Cattaneo A. Taking pain out of NGF: a "painless" NGF mutant,linked to hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathy type V, with full neurotrophic activity. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 28;6(2):e17321. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017321.
  2. Einarsdottir E, Carlsson A, Minde J, Toolanen G, Svensson O, Solders G,Holmgren G, Holmberg D, Holmberg M. A mutation in the nerve growth factor betagene (NGFB) causes loss of pain perception. Hum Mol Genet. 2004 Apr15;13(8):799-805.
  3. Kaplan DR, Miller FD. Neurotrophin signal transduction in the nervous system. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2000 Jun;10(3):381-91. Review.
  4. Larsson E, Kuma R, Norberg A, Minde J, Holmberg M. Nerve growth factor R221Wresponsible for insensitivity to pain is defectively processed and accumulates asproNGF. Neurobiol Dis. 2009 Feb;33(2):221-8. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2008.10.012.
  5. Lewin GR, Mendell LM. Nerve growth factor and nociception. Trends Neurosci.1993 Sep;16(9):353-9. Review.
  6. Ritter AM, Lewin GR, Kremer NE, Mendell LM. Requirement for nerve growthfactor in the development of myelinated nociceptors in vivo. Nature. 1991 Apr11;350(6318):500-2.
  7. Verhoeven K, Timmerman V, Mauko B, Pieber TR, De Jonghe P, Auer-Grumbach M.Recent advances in hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies. Curr OpinNeurol. 2006 Oct;19(5):474-80. Review.
  8. Verpoorten N, De Jonghe P, Timmerman V. Disease mechanisms in hereditarysensory and autonomic neuropathies. Neurobiol Dis. 2006 Feb;21(2):247-55.
More
Information
Contributor MDPI registered users' name will be linked to their SciProfiles pages. To register with us, please refer to https://encyclopedia.pub/register :
View Times: 535
Entry Collection: MedlinePlus
Revision: 1 time (View History)
Update Date: 04 Jan 2021
1000/1000