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Wnt family member 5A: The WNT5A gene is part of a large family of WNT genes, which play critical roles in development starting before birth. These genes provide instructions for making proteins that participate in chemical signaling pathways in the body.

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Entry Collection: MedlinePlus
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Update Time: 24 Dec 2020

1. Normal Function

Wnt signaling controls the activity of certain genes and regulates the interactions between cells during embryonic development.

The protein produced from the WNT5A gene is part of chemical signaling pathways that control the movement of cells (cell migration) and attachment of cells to one another (cell adhesion) during early development. Studies suggest that the WNT5A protein plays important roles in the normal development of many parts of the body, including the brain, skeleton, blood cells, and fatty (adipose) tissue.

2. Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes

2.1. Robinow syndrome

At least six mutations in the WNT5A gene have been found to cause the autosomal dominant form of Robinow syndrome, a condition that affects the development of many parts of the body, particularly the bones. Autosomal dominant inheritance means that one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. Most of the known mutations change a single protein building block (amino acid) in the WNT5A protein. These mutations alter the structure of the protein, which likely affects its interactions with other proteins involved in Wnt signaling. The resulting impairment of Wnt signaling pathways disrupts the development of many organs and tissues, leading to the features of Robinow syndrome.

3. Other Names for This Gene

  • hWNT5A

  • wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 5A

  • wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 5A

  • WNT-5A protein

References

  1. Kikuchi A, Yamamoto H, Sato A, Matsumoto S. Wnt5a: its signalling, functionsand implication in diseases. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2012 Jan;204(1):17-33. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1716.2011.02294.x.
  2. Mikels AJ, Nusse R. Purified Wnt5a protein activates or inhibitsbeta-catenin-TCF signaling depending on receptor context. PLoS Biol. 2006Apr;4(4):e115.
  3. Nishita M, Enomoto M, Yamagata K, Minami Y. Cell/tissue-tropic functions ofWnt5a signaling in normal and cancer cells. Trends Cell Biol. 2010Jun;20(6):346-54. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2010.03.001.
  4. Person AD, Beiraghi S, Sieben CM, Hermanson S, Neumann AN, Robu ME,Schleiffarth JR, Billington CJ Jr, van Bokhoven H, Hoogeboom JM, Mazzeu JF,Petryk A, Schimmenti LA, Brunner HG, Ekker SC, Lohr JL. WNT5A mutations inpatients with autosomal dominant Robinow syndrome. Dev Dyn. 2010Jan;239(1):327-37. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.22156.
  5. Roifman M, Marcelis CL, Paton T, Marshall C, Silver R, Lohr JL, Yntema HG,Venselaar H, Kayserili H, van Bon B, Seaward G; FORGE Canada Consortium, Brunner HG, Chitayat D. De novo WNT5A-associated autosomal dominant Robinow syndromesuggests specificity of genotype and phenotype. Clin Genet. 2015;87(1):34-41.doi: 10.1111/cge.12401.
  6. White JJ, Mazzeu JF, Coban-Akdemir Z, Bayram Y, Bahrambeigi V, Hoischen A, vanBon BWM, Gezdirici A, Gulec EY, Ramond F, Touraine R, Thevenon J, Shinawi M,Beaver E, Heeley J, Hoover-Fong J, Durmaz CD, Karabulut HG, Marzioglu-Ozdemir E, Cayir A, Duz MB, Seven M, Price S, Ferreira BM, Vianna-Morgante AM, Ellard S,Parrish A, Stals K, Flores-Daboub J, Jhangiani SN, Gibbs RA; Baylor-HopkinsCenter for Mendelian Genomics, Brunner HG, Sutton VR, Lupski JR, Carvalho CMB.WNT Signaling Perturbations Underlie the Genetic Heterogeneity of RobinowSyndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2018 Jan 4;102(1):27-43. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.10.002.
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View Times: 81
Entry Collection: MedlinePlus
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Update Time: 24 Dec 2020
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    Tang, P. WNT5A Gene. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/4600 (accessed on 29 September 2022).
    Tang P. WNT5A Gene. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/4600. Accessed September 29, 2022.
    Tang, Peter. "WNT5A Gene," Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/4600 (accessed September 29, 2022).
    Tang, P. (2020, December 24). WNT5A Gene. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/4600
    Tang, Peter. ''WNT5A Gene.'' Encyclopedia. Web. 24 December, 2020.
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