Submitted Successfully!
To reward your contribution, here is a gift for you: A free trial for our video production service.
Thank you for your contribution! You can also upload a video entry or images related to this topic.
Version Summary Created by Modification Content Size Created at Operation
1 handwiki -- 1127 2022-12-07 02:01:28

Video Upload Options

Do you have a full video?

Confirm

Are you sure to Delete?
Cite
If you have any further questions, please contact Encyclopedia Editorial Office.
HandWiki. Maurice Cranston. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/38166 (accessed on 21 May 2024).
HandWiki. Maurice Cranston. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/38166. Accessed May 21, 2024.
HandWiki. "Maurice Cranston" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/38166 (accessed May 21, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, December 07). Maurice Cranston. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/38166
HandWiki. "Maurice Cranston." Encyclopedia. Web. 07 December, 2022.
Maurice Cranston
Edit
welfare rights philosophy liberalism

1. Introduction

Maurice William Cranston (8 May 1920 – 5 November 1993) was an England philosopher, professor and author. He served for many years as Professor of Political Science at the London School of Economics, and was also known for his popular publications. In the late 1970s and early 1980s he was Professor of Political Theory at the European University Institute in Florence (Italy).

He was born at 53 Harringay Road, Harringay[1] and educated at South Harringay School,[1] the University of London and the St Catherine's College, Oxford.[2][3] As a young man, Cranston was a friend of the painter Denton Welch, and was immortalised as "Markham" in Welch's short story, "Touchett's Party". During the Second World War, Cranston was a conscientious objector, active in the Peace Pledge Union, and a "frequent contributor" to its newspaper Peace News.[4]

Cranston's major works include biographies of John Locke, for which he received the 1957 James Tait Black Memorial Prize, and Rousseau, Jean-Paul Sartre and others addressing the history of liberty.[2] He contributed to many publications in both Britain and the United States and wrote scripts for the BBC. In 1946 two of his detective novels were published by John Westhouse: Tomorrow We'll Be Sober and Philosopher's Hemlock. Under the name Michael Stone, he also wrote a children's school story The Master of Magic, published by Peter Lunn in 1947.[5]

Cranston's intellectual interests were varied. His first academic book, Freedom: A New Analysis (1954), covered history (the history of liberalism), politics (a precursive discussion of what Sir Isaiah Berlin would later analyse as negative and positive liberty) and a philosophical attempt to resolve or at least elucidate freedom of the will. The philosophical section was the least successful; and Cranston never again attempted pure philosophy. His main academic strengths were as a biographer and as an intellectual historian.[6] In a controversial paper, Cranston argued that the scarcity of welfare goods and services meant that supposed welfare rights are not really rights at all.[7]

In his later years, Cranston moved to the political right, and expressed admiration for Margaret Thatcher.[8] Cranston also contributed to The American Spectator magazine.

Cranston had a keen aesthetic sensibility. This was shown not only in his clothes but also in his elegant literary style. Elegance extended also to his conversation. At a party for politics students at the London School of Economics in 1965, sherry was much in demand. Professor Kingsley Smellie pointed to a bottle and said to Cranston: "I hope you've ordered buckets of that stuff". "I have", Cranston replied without malice, "not quite in those terms".

Maurice Cranston was married twice; his first wife was the film editor Helga May[9] his second wife was Baroness Maximiliana von und zu Fraunberg ("Iliana"), with whom he had two children. He died on 5 November 1993 of a heart attack while taping a television production in London for the BBC. He was 73. He had completed work on the third and final volume of his acclaimed Rousseau biography, which was published posthumously in 1997.

2. Publications

  • Freedom : A New Analysis, London : Longmans, Green, 1954.
  • John Locke : A Biography, London : Longmans, Green, 1957.
  • John Stuart Mill, London : Longmans, Green, 1958.
  • Human Rights Today, London : Ampersand, 1962.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau : The Social Contract, tr. with intro., Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1968.
  • "The New Left", London : Bodley Head, 1970.
  • Politics and Ethics, Inaugural Lecture, London School of Economics, 1971, London : Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972.
  • The Mask of Politics, and Other Essays, London : Allen Lane, 1973.
  • What Are Human Rights?, London : Bodley Head, 1973.
  • Jean-Jacques: The Early Life and Work, London: Allen Lane; New York: Norton, 1982. [Vol. 1 of Rousseau biography]
  • Imaga Dialogo Marks/Bakunin [in Esperanto], Laroque Timbaut (France): Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda, 1982.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau : A Discourse on Inequality, tr. with intro., Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1984.
  • 'Rousseau on Equality', Social Philosophy and Policy, 2(01), 1984.
  • The Noble Savage, London: Allen Lane; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.[Vol. 2 of Rousseau biography]
  • The Solitary Self, London: Allen Lane; Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.[Vol. 3 of Rousseau biography]
Further Reading
In this part, we encourage you to list the link of papers wrote by the character, or published reviews/articles about his/her academic contributions. Edit

References

  1. F. Rosen, "Cranston, Maurice William (1920–1993)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, October 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2011. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/51808
  2. Obituary of Maurice Cranston. Michael De-La-Noy. The Independent, 8 November 1993. Retrieved 21 April 2011. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-professor-maurice-cranston-1502904.html
  3. "Maurice Cranston - Penguin Books Authors - Penguin Books". http://www.penguin.co.uk/nf/Author/AuthorPage/0,,1000008009,00.html. 
  4. Obituary:Professor Maurice Cranston Alan Eden-Green, The Independent, 10 November 1993. Retrieved 21 April 2011. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-professor-maurice-cranston-1503237.html
  5. Main, Peter. Peter Lunn: Children's Publisher, Stirling: Lomax Press, 2010, p. 168.
  6. "Maurice Cranston", Origins and characteristics of ideology, 10 February 2016. http://drtktopecollege.in/pol/sites/default/files/university%20question%20papers/Origins%20and%20characteristics%20of%20ideology.pdf
  7. Cranston, Maurice. "Human Rights: Real and Supposed", in Political Theory and the Rights of Man, edited by D. D. Raphael (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1967), pp. 43–51.
  8. Seldon, Arthur. The virtues of capitalism. Liberty Fund, 2004, ISBN:0-86597-550-7 (p. 415).
  9. McMullan, et al (eds) (2013), Women Making Shakespeare: Text, Reception and Performance, London: Bloomsbury. ISBN:9781408185339, p. 245.
More
Name: Maurice Cranston
Born: May 1920
Died: Nov 1993
Birth
Location:
Maurice William Cranston;Harringay, Middlesex, England, UK
Titles: Philosopher Professor Author
Affiliation: Unknown
Honor: Unknown
Information
Subjects: Philosophy
Contributor MDPI registered users' name will be linked to their SciProfiles pages. To register with us, please refer to https://encyclopedia.pub/register :
View Times: 517
Entry Collection: HandWiki
Revision: 1 time (View History)
Update Date: 07 Dec 2022
1000/1000
Video Production Service