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There are fewer than 250 living individuals of the critically endangered kakapo, a large, flightless parrot native to New Zealand. Every known living kakapo, except some young chicks, has been given a name by officials of the Kakapo Recovery Programme. Many of the older birds were given English-language names, but more recent chicks have been given Māori names. Some kakapo, such as Richard Henry and Moorhouse, are named after people who have provided assistance to the preservation efforts. A kakapo interactive family tree is available.

kakapo parrot preservation
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Subjects: Zoology
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Update Date: 01 Dec 2022
Table of Contents

    1. Recent Population Changes

    After a good breeding year in 2002, the population remained at 86 until 2004, when three two-year-old female kakapo died from infections by the soil bacterium Erysipelas.[1][2] Four chicks survived from the 2005 breeding season. The male Gunner died of aflatoxicosis during the New Zealand winter of 2005, bringing the population back to 86.[3] In April 2008, the population grew to 93[4] with the hatching of seven chicks,[5] then fell to 92 due to the death of adult Bill.[6] One of the seven 2008 chicks died soon after hatching,[7] bringing the total down to 91, and on 28 October 2008, male Lee died, bringing the population down to 90.[8] Male Rangi was rediscovered in February 2009 after spending 21 years living on Codfish Island.[9] The 2009 breeding season resulted in 33 chicks (20 male and 13 female), bringing the population up to 124.[10] A number of older birds died during 2010, followed by the significant loss of the only remaining Fiordland kakapo, Richard Henry, announced during January 2011. His Fiordland genes survive through his three progeny.[11] The breeding season in 2011 produced 11 chicks (eight females, three male), which all survived, bringing the population to 131. However, the deaths of several birds followed and with no breeding season in 2012, the population dropped to 124.[12] As of May 2014, with the hatching of six eggs (the first hatchings since 2011) the total population had increased to 130 living individuals.

    Forty-seven chicks hatched in the 2016 nesting season, making it a "record breeding season". As of July 2016, 34 of them had survived.[13][14]

    As of today, the New Zealand Dept of Conservation site shows a population of Template:Number of Living Kakapo.

    2. Living Kakapo

    2.1. Females (93)

    Kakapo population development since 1977. Red arrows indicate breeding years. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=2011254
    1. Adelaide – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
    2. Ᾱio – hatched: 2019; mother: Mila, father: Horton.
    3. Ako – hatched: 2019; mother: Esperance, father: Komaru.
    4. Alice – first captured: 1981; mother of Snark '81, Manu '97; Al, Pearl '02, Huarangi, Vori, Whetū ‘19.
    5. Alison – hatched: 2019; mother: Queenie, father: Tutoko.
    6. Aparima – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of JEM '08, Bunker, Chicory, Sage, Horopito ‘19.
    7. Aranga – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox; mother of Jack '09, Waikawa '11, Percy, Clout '16.[15]
    8. Āria – hatched: 2019; mother: Awarua, father: Komaru.
    9. Atareta – hatched: 2011; mother: Lisa, father: Blades; mother of Manaaki, Atatu, Whaea Jane ‘19.
    10. Atatū – hatched 2019; mother: Atareta, father: Te Kingi.
    11. Aumaria – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella, father: Blake.[16]
    12. Awarua – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard; mother of Motupōhue, Āria, Matariki '19.[15]
    13. Bella – first captured: 1982; mother of Tiaka, Hillary, Roha '09, Verity ‘19.
    14. Boomer – hatched: 1999; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix; mother of Deans, Hau, Marangai ‘19.
    15. Cyndy – first captured: 1987; mother of Horton '02; Weheruatanga-o-te-po, Elwin, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09.
    16. Dusky – hatched: 2016; mother: Tiwhiri, father: Horton.
    17. Elsie – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father: Horton.
    18. Esperance – hatched: 2002; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of Huhana '09, Ako, Matakana, Toiroa ‘19.
    19. Eva – hatched: 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
    20. Evohe – hatched: 2009; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix; mother of Pōtonga, Kōhengi ‘19.[15]
    21. Flossie – first captured: by 1982; mother of Heather '81; Kuia, Gulliver, Sinbad '98; Rakiura, Esperance '02; Yasmine, Pura '05; Wiremu, Scratch '09; Hakatere, Waa '11.[15]
    22. Galaxy – hatched: 2019; Mother: Ihi, father Guapo.
    23. Gale – hatched: 2019; Mother: Nora, father Tutoko.
    24. Gertrude – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Blake.[16]
    25. Hakatere – hatched: 2011; mother: Flossie, father: Barnard.[12]
    26. Hananui – hatched: 2002; mother: Lisa, father: Blades; mother of Wharetutu, Wolf '09.
    27. Hanariki – hatched: 2019; mother: Pura, father: Te Atapo.
    28. Hau – hatched: 2019; mother: Boomer, father: Tamahou.
    29. Hauturu – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox.
    30. Heather – hatched: 1981; mother: Flossie, father: Ben; mother of Palmersan, Robbie '02; Guapo, Awhero '09; Mahli, Tohu '14.
    31. Hera – hatched: 2016; mother Suzanne, father Arab.
    32. Hinemoa – hatched: 2009; mother: Sue, father: Basil; mother of Ranger, Whakakini ‘19. [15]
    33. Hine Taumai – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of Te Here, Tuterangi, Titapu '16.
    34. Huarangi – hatched: 2019, mother: Alice, father: Boss.
    35. Huhū – Hatched: 2019; mother: Huhana, father: Guapo.
    36. Jean – first captured: 1981; mother of Blake, Kuihi, Te Kingi '02.
    37. JEM – hatched: 2008; mother: Aparima, father: Bill.[8]
    38. Jemma – hatched: 2009; mother: Pearl, father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination); mother of Lind ‘19.[15]
    39. Kōhengi – hatched: 2019, mother: Evohe, father: Te Kingi.
    40. Konini – hatched: 2002; mother: Fuchsia, father: Waynebo; mother of Hugh '16.
    41. Kuia – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie, father: Richard Henry; mother of Gertrude, Marian, Adeliade, Henry '16, Acheron, Mackenzie, Quill '19.
    42. Kuihi – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; mother of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09, Oraka '16, Koru, Māhutonga ‘19.
    43. Kura – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss.
    44. Lisa – first captured: by August 1982; mother of Ellie, Hauturu, Aranga '99; Hananui '02; Tiwhiri, Hurihrui, Purity '09; Atareta '11; Ruapuke '14 (Presumed lost on Little Barrier Island for 13 years; rediscovered on a nest in 1999.)[15] (Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See.) (Likely also the mother of Merty and Joe).
    45. Madison – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father Horton.
    46. Mahli – hatched: 2014; mother: Heather, father: Dobbie.
    47. Makorea – hatched: 2016; mother: Waikawa, father Kumi.
    48. Mati-Mā – hatched: 2019; mother: Rakiura, father: Komaru.
    49. Marama – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; Mother of Hikoi, Porowhita, Tūtānekai ‘19.
    50. Margaret-Maree – first captured: 1986; mother of Marama, Mila, Moana '02; Kumi '05; Millie, Moss '09 (Likely the mother of Sarah and Wendy).
    51. Marian – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
    52. Mukeke – hatched: 2016; mother: Waa, father: Blake.[16]
    53. Nora – first captured: 1980; mother of Zephyr, Adler '81; Matangi, Kotiu '16, Gale, Kōraki, Rahotu ‘19.
    54. Ninihi – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella, father: Blake.[16]
    55. Pearl – hatched: 2002; mother: Alice, father: Waynebo; mother of Juanma, Jemma '09; Punga, Attenborough, Faulkner '16 Tuarua ‘19.
    56. Phoenix – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father: Horton.
    57. Pounamu – hatched: 2005; mother: Sara, father: Waynebo.
    58. Punga – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father: Felix.
    59. Pura – hatched: 2005; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of: Bravo, Hanariki, Uri '19.
    60. Queenie – hatched: 2009; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox; mother of Alison, Scotty ‘19.[15]
    61. Ra – hatched: 2009; mother: Solstice, father: Smoko (by artificial insemination);[15] mother of: Xena '19.
    62. Rakiura – hatched: 2002; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of Toititi '08; Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo '09; Taonga, Tia, Tutoko '11; Taeatanga, Te Awa '14, Mati-Mā, Tautahi ’19.[15]
    63. Rātā – hatched: 2019; mother: Ruth, father: Juanma.
    64. Rere – hatched: 2019; mother: Roha, father: Takitimu.
    65. Rimu – hatched: 2016; mother: Wendy; father Boss.
    66. Roha – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades; mother of Kewa, Rere ‘19. [15]
    67. Ruth – first captured: 1991; mother of Doc '02, Tukaha '16, Rātā ‘19. (She is blind in one eye).
    68. Solstice – first captured: 21 June 1997; mother of Ra '09; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11 (Last bird captured from Stewart Island / Rakiura).[15]
    69. Stella – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo; mother of Ninihi, Kokoto, Aumaria '16;[12] Kenneth, Manawanui, Orion '19.
    70. Sue – first captured: 1983; mother of Takatimu '02; Rooster '08; George, Hinemoa '09; Elliot, Ruggedy '16.
    71. Suzanne – first captured 1989; mother of Ian '11, Egilsay, Hera '16, Milford, Fergus, Eva ‘19.[15]
    72. Tuarua – hatched: 2019, mother: Pearl, father: Boss.
    73. Tia – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard.[12]
    74. Tiaka – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades.[15]
    75. Titapu – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu.
    76. Tiwhiri – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil; mother of Dusky '16, Tōmua, Tūmanako ‘19. [15]
    77. Toiora – hatched: 2019; mother: Esperance, father: Komaru.
    78. Toitiiti – hatched: 2008; mother: Rakiura, father: Ox.[8]
    79. Tohu – hatched: 2014; mother: Heather, father: Dobbie.
    80. Tukaha – hatched: 2016; mother: Ruth, father: Blades.
    81. Tumeke – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of Kura, Kanawera, Tau Kuhurangi '16, Big Nick, Meri, Tutū ‘19.
    82. Tutū – hatched: 2019; mother: Tumeke, father: Te Atapo.
    83. Verity – hatched: 2019; mother: Bella, father: Juanma.
    84. Vori – hatched: 2019; mother: Alice, father: Boss.
    85. Waa – hatched: 2011; mother: Flossie, father: Barnard; mother of Mukeke '16, Ōtepoti ‘19.[12]
    86. Waikawa – hatched: 2011; mother: Aranga, father: Blades; mother of Makorea '16, Elsie, Kohitatea, Kotahitanga, Madison, Phoenix ’19.[12]
    87. Weheruatanga o te po – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.[8]
    88. Wendy – first captured:1982; mother of Dobbie '91; Aparima, Hine Taumai, Tumeke '02; Jamieson, Rimu '16.
    89. Whaea Jane – hatched: 2019; mother: Atareta, father: Te Kingi.
    90. Whetū – hatched: 2019; mother: Alice, father: Boss.
    91. Yasmine – hatched: 2005; mother: Flossie, father: Bill.
    92. Zephyr – hatched: 1981; mother: Nora, father: Rangi; mother of Hoki '92; Sirocco, Tiwai '97; Trevor, Boomer '99; Maestro, Evohe '09.

    2.2. Males (111)

    Sirocco on show at Auckland Zoo in September 2009. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1349493
    1. Acheron – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
    2. Ariki – hatched: 2002; mother: Sara, father: Waynebo.
    3. Attenborough – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father Felix.
    4. Awhero – hatched: 2009; mother: Heather, father: Blades.[15]
    5. Basil – first captured 1989; father of Doc, Takitimu '02; Rooster '08; Hinemoa, George, Tiwhiri, Purity, Hurihuri '09 Bunker, Chicory, Sage, Horopito ‘19.
    6. Big Nick – hatched: 2019; mother: Tumeke, Father: Boss.
    7. Blades – first captured 1982; father of Hananui '02; JEM '08; Awhero, Tiaka, Hillary, Roha, Jack, Guapo '09; Atareta, Waikawa '11; Ruapuke, Taeatanga, Te Awa, Moorhouse '14; Kotiu, Matangi, Ruggedy, Elliot, Tukaha, Oraka '16.[15]
    8. Bluster-Murphy – hatched: 2009; mother: Fuchsia, father: Smoko.[15]
    9. Bonus – Found in April 1984.
    10. Boss – first captured 1989, father of Ian '11, Kura, Kanawera, Tau Kuhurangi, Jamieson, Rimu '16, Big Nick, Tuarua, Meri, Huarangi, Vori, Whetū ‘19.
    11. Bravo – hatched: 2019; mother: Pura, father: Te Atapo.
    12. Bunker – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
    13. Chicory – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
    14. Clout – hatched: 2016; mother: Aranga, father Smoko.
    15. Deans – hatched: 2019; mother: Boomer, father: Tamahou.
    16. Doc – hatched: 2002; mother: Ruth, father: Basil.
    17. Egilsay – hatched: 2016; mother Suzanne, father Arab; originally named Elsie until genetic testing confirmed he was male.[17]
    18. Elwin – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.
    19. Elliot – hatched: 2016; mother: Sue, father: Blades.
    20. Faulkner – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father: Felix.
    21. Fergus – hatched: 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
    22. George – hatched: 2009; mother: Sue, father: Basil.[15]
    23. Guapo – hatched: 2009; mother: Heather, father: Blades; father of Galaxy, Hondy, Huhu ‘19.[15]
    24. Gulliver – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie; father: Richard Henry; father of Milford, Fergus, Eva ‘19.
    25. Henry – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi (first Grandson of Richard Henry).
    26. Hīkoi – hatched: 2019; mother Marama, father: Takitimu.
    27. Hillary – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades.[15]
    28. Hokonui – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard;[15] father of: Xena '19.
    29. Hondy – hatched: 2019; mother Ihi, father: Guapo.
    30. Horopito – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
    31. Horton – hatched: 2002; mother: Cyndy, father: Bill; father of Dusky '16, Ᾱio, Elsie, Kohitatea, Kotahitanga, Lind, Madison, Major, Phoenix, Ranger, Whakakini ‘19.
    32. Hugh – hatched: 2016; mother: Konini, father: Blake.[16]
    33. Hurihuri – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil.[15]
    34. Ian – hatched: 2011; mother: Suzanne, father: Boss.[15]
    35. Jack – hatched: 2009; mother: Aranga, father: Blades.[15]
    36. Jamieson – hatched: 2016; mother: Wendy, father: Boss.
    37. Jester – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.
    38. Joe – First captured: 1982, he is infertile.
    39. Juanma – hatched: 2009; mother: Pearl, father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination); father of Verity, Rātā ‘19.[15]
    40. Kanawera – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss.
    41. Kenneth – hatched: 2019; mother Stella, father: Te Kingi.
    42. Kewa – hatched: 2019; mother: Roha, father: Takitimu.
    43. Kohitātea – hatched: 2019; mother Waikawa, father: Horton.
    44. Koto – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella, father: Blake.[16]
    45. Komaru – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo; father of Ako, Āria, Māhutonga, Mati-Mā, Matariki, Matakana, Motupōhue, Tautahi, Toiora ‘19. [15]
    46. Kōraki – hatched: 2019; mother: Nora, father: Tutoko.
    47. Kotahitanga – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father: Horton.
    48. Kumi – hatched: 2005; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Sass; father of Henry, Marian, Adelaide, Makorea '16.
    49. Lind – hatched: 2019; mother Jemma, father: Horton.
    50. Luke – found in April 1982.
    51. Mackenzie – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
    52. Maestro – hatched: 2009; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix.[15]
    53. Māhutonga – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuihi, father: Komaru.
    54. Major – hatched: 2019; mother: Mila, father: Horton.
    55. Manaaki – hatched: 2019; mother: Atareta, father: Te Kingi.
    56. Manawanui – hatched: 2019; mother: Stella, father: Te Kingi.
    57. Manu – hatched: 1997; mother: Alice, father: Felix; father of Paddy '09.
    58. Marangai – hatched: 2019; mother: Boomer, father: Tamahou.
    59. Matangi – hatched: 2016; mother Nora, father Blades.
    60. Meri – hatched: 2019; mother: Tumeke, father: Boss.
    61. Merv – found in January 1989.
    62. Milford – hatched: 2019, mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
    63. Moorhouse – hatched: 2014; mother: Huhana, father: Blades.
    64. Morehu – hatched: 1999; mother: Sandra, father: Felix.
    65. Motupōhue – hatched: 2019; mother: Awarua, father: Komaru.
    66. Moss – hatched: 2009; mother: Magaret-Maree, father: Merty.[15]
    67. Ngatapa – hatched: 2009; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.[15]
    68. Nog – first captured: 1989; father of Mila, Monoa, Marama '02.
    69. Ōtepoti – hatched: 2019; mother: Waa, father: Takitimu.
    70. Oraka – hatched: 2016; father Blades; mother: Kuihi.
    71. Orion – hatched: 2019; mother: Stella, father: Te Kingi.
    72. Ox – first captured: 1982; father of Aranga, Ellie, Hauturu '99; Toititi, Elwin, Wheruatanga-o-te-po, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09.
    73. Paddy – hatched: 2009; mother: Sara, father: Manu.[15]
    74. Palmersan – hatched: 2002; mother: Heather, father: Sass.
    75. Percy – hatched: 2016; mother: Aranga, Father: Smoko.
    76. Porowhita – hatched: 2019; mother: Marama, Father: Takitimu.
    77. Quill – hatched 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
    78. Rahotu – hatched 2019; mother: Nora, father: Sinbad (by Artificial Insemination).
    79. Ralph – first captured: 1987 (Encounter with Douglas Adams and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See), (Likely the father of Merty).
    80. Ranger – hatched: 2019; mother: Hinemoa, father: Horton.
    81. Rangi – first captured: 1987; father of Zephyr '81 (Rediscovered February 2009, after hiding for 21 years on Codfish Island)[9] (likely also the father of Sarah and Wendy).
    82. Robbie – hatched: 2002; mother: Heather, father: Sass.
    83. Ruapuke – hatched: 2014; mother: Lisa, father: Blades (Formerly known as Lisa One; egg was crushed and repaired during incubation period.).
    84. Ruggedy – hatched: 2016; mother Sue, father Blades.
    85. Sage – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
    86. Scotty – hatched: 2019; mother: Queenie, father: Tutoko.
    87. Scratch – hatched: 2009; mother: Flossie, father: Whiskas.[15]
    88. Sinbad – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie, father: Richard Henry; father of: Rahotu (by artificial insemination) '19. He is semi-imprinted, and likes to seek out human company. Andrew Digby via Twitter, 10 October 2018.
    89. Sirocco – hatched: 1997; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix (Unlikely to be used to breed. Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See).
    90. Stumpy – hatched: 1991; mother: John-girl, father: Pegasus; father of Jemma (by artificial insemination), Juanma (by artificial insemination) '09.
    91. Tautahi – hatched: 2019; mother: Rakiura, father: Komaru.
    92. Taeatanga – hatched: 2014; mother: Rakiura.
    93. Takitimu – hatched: 2002; mother: Sue, father: Basil; father of Te Here, Tuterangi, Titapu ‘16; Tōmua, Tūmanako, Ōtepoti, Kewa, Rere, Hikoi, Porowhita, Tūtānekai ‘19.
    94. Tamahou – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas; father of Acheron, Deans, Hau, Mackenzie, Marangai, Quill ‘19.[15]
    95. Tau Kuhurangi – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss
    96. Te Atapo – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas; father of Bravo, Hanariki, Tutū, Uri ‘19.[15]
    97. Te Awa – hatched: 2014; mother: Rakiura.
    98. Te Here – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu.
    99. Te Kingi – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; father of Atatū, Kenneth, Kohengi, Manaaki, Manawanui, Orion, Pōtonga, Whaea Jane ‘19.
    100. Tiwai – hatched: 1997; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix.
    101. Tōmua – hatched: 2019; mother: Tiwhiri, father: Takitimu.
    102. Trevor – hatched: 1999; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix.
    103. Tūmanako – hatched: 2019; mother: Tiwhiri, father Takitimu.
    104. Tūtānekai – hatched: 2019, mother: Marama, father: Takitimu.
    105. Tuterangi – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu.
    106. Tutoko – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard; father of Gale, Kōraki, Koru, Scotty, Alison ‘19.[15]
    107. Waihopai – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard.[15]
    108. Whakakini – hatched: 2019; mother: Hinemoa, Father: Horton.
    109. Wiremu – hatched: 2009; mother: Flossie, father: Whiskas.[15]
    110. Wolf – hatched: 2009; mother: Hananui, father: Merty.[15]

    3. Fundraising

    To raise money for research, the New Zealand government's Department of Conservation operates a kakapo adoption scheme. Adoptions are not exclusive; multiple people can adopt the same bird. Adoption is symbolic – kakapo are a taonga (treasured) species, so no one can 'own' one. Adoption supports funding for kakapo health management, supplementary food and annual transmitter changes.[18]

    4. Recently Deceased

    Names marked are of birds missing, presumed dead

    4.1. Females

    • Mike‡ – Found in April 1982 on Stewart Island by Gary Aburn and the dog Mandy, transferred to Little Barrier Island a month later, the transmitter failed in 1982 and has been missing since then. (Possibly seen in 2015, there was a search in May 2018, but they haven't found anything yet).[19]
    • John-Girl – mother of Stumpy '91; died: September 1991
    • Aroha – hatched: 2002; mother: Sue; died: July 2004[1]
    • Aurora – hatched: 2002; mother: Zephyr; died: July 2004[1]
    • Vollie – hatched: 2002; mother: Ruth; died: July 2004[1]
    • Mokopuna – hatched 2008; mother: Rakiura, father: Ox; died: 2008
    • Sarah – mother of Ariki '02; Pounamu '05; Paddy '09; died: May 2010[20]
    • Purity – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil; died: September 2011[15]
    • Monoa – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; died: September 2011
    • Sandra – mother of Morehu '99; died January 2012
    • Fuchsia – first captured: 1991; mother of Konini '02; Bluster-Murphy '09; died: March 2013
    • Taonga – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard; died: April 2014[12]
    • Maggie – first captured: March 1980; died: May 2014, in a landslide (the second female captured on Stewart Island)
    • Ellie – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox; died: July 2015 [21]
    • Wharetutu – hatched: 2009; mother: Hananui, father: Merty[16], died 2016
    • Jane – first captured 1989, found dead on Anchor Island, 18 August 2018 [22]
    • Hoki – hatched: 1992; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix (the first hand raised bird; subject of a book by her caretaker), died. 21 April 2019 from Aspergillosis.[23]
    • Huhana – hatched: 2009; mother: Esperance, father: Whiskas; mother of Moorhouse '14, Huhu ‘19 (Youngest breeding female ever with 5 years)[18], died 23 May 2019 from Aspergillosis.[24]
    • Mila – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; mother of Ᾱio, Major ‘19; found dead on Anchor Island, 21 May 2020.[25]
    • Matariki – hatched 2019; mother: Awarua, father: Komaru. Found dead on Whenua Hou on 27 November 2020.
    • Matakana – hatched: 2019; mother: Esperance, father Komaru. Found dead on Whenua Hou in February 2021.
    • Millie – hatched: 2009; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Merty. Found dead on Te Kakahu (Chalky Island) on 21 April 2021.[26]
    • Ihi – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo;[12] mother of: Galaxy, Hondy '19. Found dead on Whenua Hou in June 2021.[27]
    • Xena – hatched 2019; mother: Ra, father: Hokonui. Found dead on Whenua Hou in June 2021.[27]

    4.2. Males

    • Adler‡ – missing on Stewart island since 1981 (presumed killed by cats): hatched 1981; mother Nora, father Rangi
    • Tawbert‡ – missing in the Transit Valley since 1987, one of three Fiordland males known to have survived until then. May still be alive as booming was heard in the Transit in 2012.
    • Biscuit ‡ – missing presumed dead, one of three Fiordland males known to have survived until 1987. (Discovered on the Tutoko high bench in Fiordland in 1984).
    • Snark‡ – missing on Little Barrier Island since 1990: hatched 1981; mother Alice, father Buster
    • Gunter‡ – missing on Codfish Island since 1987. (Found on Stewart Island in October 1981).
    • Pierre‡ – missing on Codfish Island since 1988
    • Tramp‡ – missing on Codfish Island since 1988[28]
    • Al‡ – missing on Codfish Island since 2010: hatched: 2002; mother: Alice, father: Waynebo
    • Gerry – died: 1991
    • Pegasus – father of Stumpy '91; died: 1993
    • Rob – died: February 1994
    • Ken – first captured: 1988; died: July 1998 (transmitter harness injury)
    • Gunner – died: winter 2005
    • Bill – first captured: 1982; father of Dobbie '91; Esperance, Horton, Rakiura '02; Pura, Yasmine '05; JEM '08; died: March 2008[6]
    • Lee – died: 28 October 2008[8]
    • Sass – father of Robbie, Palmersan, Te Kingi, Blake, Kuihi '02; Kumi '05; died: February 2010[29]
    • Richard Henry – first captured: 1975; father of Gulliver, Kuia, Sinbad '98; found dead: 24 December 2010[30][31] (The last bird from the South Island, he was captured by Don Merton, John Cheyne, and Mandy dog in 1975 in Fiordland National Park/Gulliver Valley/Esperance River, named after Richard Treacy Henry)
    • Whiskas – first captured: 1989; father of Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo, Wiremu, Huhana, Scratch '09; died: January 2011
    • Waynebo – father of Ariki, Konini, Pearl, Al, Tumeke, Hine Taumai, Aparima '02; Pounamu '05; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11; died: January 2012[15]
    • Rooster – hatched: 2008; mother: Sue, father: Basil; died: March 2012[8]
    • Barnard – first captured: 1982; father of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09; Hakatere, Taonga, Tia, Tutoko, Waa '11; died: April 2012[15]
    • Ben – father of Heather '81; died: April 2014
    • Lionel – first captured: 1981 (likely was a juvenile at the time); died: June 2014
    • Smoko – first captured: 1991; father of Bluster, Ra (by artificial insemination) '09; Clout, Percy '16; died: February 2016[32]
    • Tiaho – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas:[33] died March 2016 from fight.
    • Blake – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; father of Hugh, Mukeke, Ninihi, Kokoto, Aumaria, Gertrude '16 Died: December 2017 from heat stress. [34]
    • Jimmy – Died: December 2017 from complications following an anesthetic procedure.[35]
    • Kotiu – hatched: 2016; mother Nora, father Blades – Died: February 2018
    • Dobbie – hatched: 1991; mother: Wendy, father: Bill; father of Mahli, Tohu '14 – Died: 12 March 2018 [36]
    • Piripi – caught in January 1990. Died ca. 3 January 2019 of injuries consistent with fighting, possibly inflicted by Ngātapa.[37]
    • Arab – first captured by Gary ‘Arab’ Aburn [38] in 1980; father of Egilsay, Hera '16, Died 2 May 2019 from complications relating to an eye injury.[39]
    • Gumboots – first captured: 1988, died 3 May 2019 after getting his leg trapped in a forked branch on Whenua Hou and not being able to free himself.[40]
    • Merty – Hatched: unknown; mother: Lisa, father: Ralph; father of Wolf, Moss, Millie, Wharetutu ‘09. Declared dead. 21 May 2019, not seen for 5 years[41]
    • Felix – first captured: 1989; father of Hoki, Tiwai, Sirocco, Manu '97; Boomer, Morehu, Trevor '99; Maestro, Evohe '09, Attenborough, Punga, Faulkner '16. Died September 2019 on Little Barrier Island[42]
    • Koru – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuihi, father: Tutoko; found dead on Whenua Hou 5 August 2020. [43]
    • Pōtonga – hatched: 2019; mother: Evohe, father: Te Kingi. Found dead on Anchor Island in February 2021.
    • Uri – hatched: 2019; mother: Pura, father: Te Atapo. Found dead on Whenua Hou in March 2021.[44]

    References

    1. "Kakapo illness identified" (Press release). Biodiversity Information Online, New Zealand Government. 13 July 2004. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081014070022/http://www.biodiversity.govt.nz/news/media/current/13jul04.html
    2. B. D. Gartrell; M. R. Alley; H. Mack; J. Donald; K. McInnes; and P. Jansen (2005). Erysipelas in the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus). Avian Pathology, 34 (5), 383–387. doi:10.1080/03079450500268583. https://doi.org/10.1080%2F03079450500268583
    3. Merton, D. (2005). Kakapo update 2005. PsittaScene, 17 (2), 7–9. http://www.parrots.org/pdfs/our_publications/psittascene/2005/05May63.pdf
    4. "World kakapo population rises by five". NZ Herald. 31 March 2008. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10501192. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
    5. "Ranger's Diaries: All eggs hatched". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-04-08. http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=158:all-eggs-hatched&catid=53:ranger-diaries&Itemid=207. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
    6. "Ranger's Diaries: More chicks, but we've lost our friend Bill". Kakapo Recovery Progr04-01. http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=155:more-chicks&catid=53:ranger-diaries&Itemid=207. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
    7. "Ranger's Diaries: Sadness at Easter". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-03-24. http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=153:sadness-at-easter&catid=53:ranger-diaries&Itemid=207. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
    8. "Spring has sprung!". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-11-11. http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=172:ranger-diaries&catid=53:ranger-diaries&Itemid=207. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
    9. Mussen, Deidre (5 March 2009). "Kakapo back to nest after 21 years". The Sunday Star-Times. http://www.stuff.co.nz/4841375a11.html. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
    10. AMY MILNE (2009-05-16). "Another chance to see kakapo". The Southland Times. http://www.stuff.co.nz/southland-times/news/2416123/Another-chance-to-see-kakapo. 
    11. DOC, Media release. "Kakapo males 'boom' on as legendary bird dies". NZ Department of Conservation. http://www.doc.govt.nz/about-doc/news/media-releases/2011/kakapo-males-boom-on-as-legendary-bird-dies/. 
    12. "Home of the Kakapo Recovery Programme | Kakapo Recovery Programme". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
    13. "Final Kakpo egg of the year hatches". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. https://www.beehive.govt.nz/release/final-kakapo-egg-year-hatches. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
    14. Dr Andrew Digby [@takapodigs] (12 June 2016). "Another blow. #kakapo chick Zephyr2, 60d, has died. She was ill with respiratory condition and undergoing treatment.". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/741787234110574593. 
    15. "Kakapo Nesting Table". http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=137&Itemid=235. 
    16. "We've finally (!) got #genetic paternity results for 2016 #kakapo chicks". 8 June 2018. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1005227125497004032. 
    17. "Kakapo Nesting Table". https://www.facebook.com/KakapoRecovery/photos/a.182258705165224.45401.179503412107420/1342456705812079/?type=3. 
    18. "adopt-a-kakapo". https://www.doc.govt.nz/our-work/kakapo-recovery/get-involved/adopt-a-kakapo/. 
    19. "Dr Andrew Digby on Twitter". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/996872118758342656. 
    20. First adult female death in 19 years http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?view=article&id=232%3Afirst-adult-female-death-in-19-years&option=com_content&Itemid=435
    21. Kakapo Ellie found dead on Whenua Hou/Codfish Island http://kakaporecovery.org.nz/media-release-kakapo-ellie-found-dead-on-whenua-houcodfish-island/
    22. "148 left.". 17 August 2018. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1030296548242948096. 
    23. "A bitter blow for the #kakapo team past and present". 22 April 2019. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1120244816711827456. 
    24. "Very sad to report that yesterday #kakapo Huhana was euthanised". 24 May 2019. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1131808278038499328. 
    25. "Sad news from the #kakapo world tonight. On a wet and wild Anchor Island, the team have found adult female Mila (2002) dead. Unknown cause, and likely to stay that way. She had her first two chicks this year: Āio and Major (pic). 210 kakapo left. #conservation". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1263387587663679488. 
    26. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1384793623816900608
    27. Digby, Andrew. "Sad news from the #kakapo world: Ihi (adult female) and Xena (juvenile female) have been found dead on Whenua Hou. There are now 202 left. Pic credit: Brodie Philp. #conservation #parrots". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1409802573813403653. 
    28. Allison Ballance:"Kakapo. Rescued from the brink of extinction", Nelson 2010
    29. Old boy Sass farewelled. Retrieved 29 June 2010 http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?view=article&id=224:old-boy-sass-farewelled&option=com_content&Itemid=435
    30. William Stolzenburg. Rat Island, 2011. See "Acknowledgements".
    31. Kakapo males ‘boom’ on as legendary bird dies Retrieved January 13th 2011 http://www.kakaporecovery.org.nz/index.php?view=article&id=242%3Akakapo-males-boom-on-as-legendary-bird-dies&option=com_content&Itemid=221
    32. "First kakapo of the year safely hatched". 2016-02-19. http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/296983/first-kakapo-of-the-year-safely-hatched. 
    33. "Dr Andrew Digby on Twitter". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/707681904586133504. 
    34. "Endangered Fiordland kakapo dies from heat stress" (in en). 2017-12-05. https://www.odt.co.nz/regions/southland/endangered-fiordland-kakapo-dies-heat-stress. 
    35. "Kakapo Recovery". http://kakaporecovery.org.nz/blog/2017/12/20/population-falls-151/. 
    36. "Kakapo Recovery" (in en). https://www.facebook.com/KakapoRecovery/photos/a.182258705165224.45401.179503412107420/1728252833899129/. 
    37. "Anchor Update!". 2019-01-03. https://www.facebook.com/KakapoRecovery/photos/a.182258705165224/2108479619209780/?type=3&theater. 
    38. "The remarkable hunter that helped save the kākāpō". 2015-10-11. https://blog.doc.govt.nz/2015/10/12/gary-aburn-saving-the-kakapo/. 
    39. "Sad to announce that we have lost another adult #kakapo". 2 May 2019. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1123725338968772610. 
    40. "Another setback for #kakapo #conservation". 5 May 2019. https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1124844843895742464. 
    41. "Fungal disease is killing New Zealand's rare kākāpō". https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/112894004/five-endangered-kkp-die-in-month-from-fungal-disease. 
    42. "Sad news from the last couple of weeks" (in en). 30 September 2019. https://www.facebook.com/KakapoRecovery/posts/2536173159773755. 
    43. Digby, Andrew. "Sad news from the #kakapo world: juvenile Koru was found dead on Whenua Hou today...". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1290891002618683393. Retrieved 7 August 2020. 
    44. Digby, Andrew. "Sad news from the #kakapo world: last week juvenile Uri was found dead on Whenua Hou.". https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1369211309569417216?s=20. 
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