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HandWiki. Arkady Adamovich Brish. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37561 (accessed on 21 June 2024).
HandWiki. Arkady Adamovich Brish. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37561. Accessed June 21, 2024.
HandWiki. "Arkady Adamovich Brish" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37561 (accessed June 21, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, December 01). Arkady Adamovich Brish. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37561
HandWiki. "Arkady Adamovich Brish." Encyclopedia. Web. 01 December, 2022.
Arkady Adamovich Brish
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1. Introduction

Arkady Adamovich Brish (May 14, 1917 – March 19, 2016) was a Soviet and Russian scientist, a designer of nuclear weapons, doctor of technical sciences, professor, Hero of Socialist Labour, Laureate of the Lenin Prize, the USSR State Prize and the RF Government Prize.

2. Biography

Brish was born on May 14, 1917 in Minsk to a teacher's family in Belarus. In 1931–1933 he was an apprentice electrician in the Belarusian office of the All-Union Electrotechnical Association in the city of Minsk. He began his labor activity in 1933 as an electrician in the evening school of the Western Railway in Minsk. In 1940 he graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics at Belarusian State University with a degree in Physics. Prior to the Great Patriotic War he worked at the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Byelorussian SSR. In 1937-1941 he was the executive secretary, and then the chairman of the Belarusian Council of the Voluntary Sports Society "Science."

After the invasion of Nazi troops in Minsk, he joined an underground group that resisted the invaders. After the fall of 1941 he was a scout of the headquarters of the partisan brigade of K. E. Voroshilov. After World War II, A. A. Brish moved to Moscow.

2.1. Timeline

  • 1947 – 1955 - he worked at RFNC - VNIIEF.
  • 1955 - he was at KB-25, now NL Dukhov All-Russian Research Institute of Automation (VNIIA).
  • 1964 – 1997 - he was Chief Designer.
  • 1997 – 2016 - he was an honorary scientific director at VNIIA and an honorary member of the Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences.
  • March 19, 2016 - he died in Moscow.[1]
  • March 23 - he was buried at the Federal Military Memorial Cemetery.[2]

3. Awards

  • Hero of Socialist Labour - At the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on May 6, 1983, an Order of Lenin and the «Hammer & Sickle» gold medal — for the creation of a nuclear weapon for the first strategic cruise missile.
  • Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" IV class (2008).[3]
  • Order of Honour (Russia) (August 31, 1999) — for services to the state, great personal contribution to the formation, development of the nuclear industry and many years of conscientious work.[4]
  • Four Order of Lenins (May 13, 1955; March 7, 1962; July 29, 1966; May 6, 1983).
  • Order of the October Revolution (August 12, 1976).
  • Order of the Patriotic War II class (March 11, 1985) — for the boldness, perseverance and courage shown in the struggle against the German fascist invaders, and in commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945
  • Two Order of the Red Banner of Labours (December 8, 1951; January 4, 1954).
  • Order of the Red Star (December 30, 1948).
  • Medal "To a Partisan of the Patriotic War" I class (March 21, 1945).
  • Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR (January 16, 1996) — for services to the state, great personal contribution to the development of the nuclear industry and many years of conscientious work.[5]
  • Lenin Prize (1960) — for the development of a new generation of a unified detonation and neutron initiation system for the R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile.
  • USSR State Prize (1955) — for the creation of the first system for detonating nuclear charges with an external neutron source.
  • Government awards of the Russian Federation (2000) — for research, analysis and synthesis of military-technical problems and developments of the second half of the 20th century, introduced into domestic weapons systems.
  • Certificate of Honor of the Government of the Russian Federation (November 27, 2014) — for a great personal contribution to the development of the nuclear industry and many years of conscientious work.[6]
  • Gratitude from the Government of the Russian Federation (May 10, 2007) — for many years of fruitful scientific activity in the field of creation and improvement of nuclear weapons.[7]

4. Memorial

There is a memorial plaque for Arkady Brish by sculptor Alexander Nozdrin (2017) at the NL Dukhov All-Russian Research Institute of Automation.

Further Reading
In this part, we encourage you to list the link of papers wrote by the character, or published reviews/articles about his/her academic contributions. Edit

References

  1. "One of the founders of the fatherland's "nuclear shield" dies". Archived from the original on March 27, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160327122000/https://news.mail.ru/society/25183596/?frommail=1. Retrieved March 19, 2016. 
  2. Atomic designer Arkady Brish buried with military honors. http://ria.ru/society/20160323/1395585437.html
  3. kremlin.ru/text/docs/2008/04/164604.html According to the website Kremlin.ru. April 29, 2008
  4. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of August 31, 1999 No. 1135 "State Awards of the Russian Federation" http://docs.cntd.ru/document/901743365
  5. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on January 16, 1996 No. 56 "On rewarding employees of joint-stock companies, enterprises and organizations of the nuclear industry with state awards of the Russian Federation»". Archived from the original on March 31, 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160331233706/http://uristu.com/library/ukazy/prezident_05727/. Retrieved March 20, 2016. 
  6. pravo.gov.ru Order of the Government of the Russian Federation on November 27, 2014 N 2356-r "Encouragement by the Government of the Russian Federation"
  7. Order of the Government of the Russian Federation dated May 10, 2007 No. 576-r "On the announcement of the gratitude of the Government of the Russian Federation to A. A. Brish" http://docs.cntd.ru/document/902041836
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Name: Arkady Adamovich Brish
Born: May 1917
Died: Mar 2016
Birth
Location:
Minsk
Titles: Scientist Designer of nuclear weapons Doctor of technical sciences Professor Hero of Socialist
Affiliations: Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Byelorussian SSR Belarusian Council of the Voluntary Sports Society "Science"
Honors: Laureate of the Lenin Prize USSR State Prize RF Government Prize
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