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HandWiki. List of Anatomy Mnemonics. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/36369 (accessed on 18 April 2024).
HandWiki. List of Anatomy Mnemonics. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/36369. Accessed April 18, 2024.
HandWiki. "List of Anatomy Mnemonics" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/36369 (accessed April 18, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, November 24). List of Anatomy Mnemonics. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/36369
HandWiki. "List of Anatomy Mnemonics." Encyclopedia. Web. 24 November, 2022.
List of Anatomy Mnemonics
Edit

This is a list of human anatomy mnemonics, categorized and alphabetized. For mnemonics in other medical specialties, see this list of medical mnemonics.

human anatomy mnemonics medical

1. Rotator Cuff

Scooby Investigated The Mysterious Scene

  • Supraspinatus
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres Minor
  • Subscapularis

The humerus SITS in the glenoid fossa

  • Supraspinatus
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres minor
  • Subscapularis

2. Bones of the Upper Limbs

How Rare U Cook Mesquite Pork?

  • Humerus
  • Radius
  • Ulna
  • Carpal bones
  • Metacarpal bones
  • Phalanges
  • In order from proximal to distal

Hurry! Ralph Untie Cindy's Mini Pechay

  • Humerus
  • Radius
  • Ulna
  • Carpal bones
  • Metacarpal bones
  • Phalanges
  • In order from proximal to distal

He Races Until Chunky Men Pace

  • Humerus
  • Radius
  • Ulna
  • Carpal bones
  • Metacarpal bones
  • Phalanges
  • In order from proximal to distal

3. Bones of the Lower Limbs

From Pennies To Fives They May Pay

  • Femur
  • Patella
  • Tibia
  • Fibula
  • Tarsal bones
  • Metatarsal bones
  • Phalanges
  • In order from proximal to distal

4. Cranial Bones

F POETS "Fluffy Puppies On Every Third Street"

  • Frontal
  • Parietal
  • Occipital
  • Ethmoid
  • Temporal
  • Sphenoid

Fit People Occasionally Eat Table Salt

  • Frontal
  • Parietal
  • Occipital
  • Ethmoid
  • Temporal
  • Sphenoid

Fat People Only Eat Thick Steak

  • Frontal
  • Parietal
  • Occipital
  • Ethmoid
  • Temporal
  • Sphenoid

Fraternity Parties Occasionally Teach Spam Etiquette

  • Frontal
  • Parietal
  • Occipital
  • Temporal
  • Sphenoid
  • Ethmoid

5. Holes In Bone

FFNF "Fireman Fight Notorious Fires

  • Foramen
  • F issure
  • Notch
  • Fossa

Flowers Flow Neatly Fabulously

  • Foramen
  • Fissure
  • Notch
  • Fossa

Family Feuds are No Fun

  • Foramen
  • Fissure
  • Notch
  • Fossa

6. Projections of Bone

PTTTCC "People Take Teaspoons Temporarily Causing Constipation

  • Process
  • Tubercle
  • Tuberosity
  • Trochanter
  • Condyle
  • Crest

7. Joint In The Wrist

RIC "Rice Is Curing

  • Radiocarpal
  • Intercarpal
  • Carpometacarpal

RIC "Really Interesting Crap

  • Radiocarpal
  • Intercarpal
  • Carpometacarpal

Roads In California

  • Radiocarpal
  • Intercarpal
  • Carpometacarpal

Rum In Coke

  • Radiocarpal
  • Intercarpal
  • Carpometacarpal

8. Joints/Sutures of Skull

CLSS "Crazy Llamas Sassing Santa

  • Coronal suture
  • Lambdoid suture
  • Squamosal suture
  • Sagittal suture

The Lazy Cat Sleeps Safely

  • Temporomandibular joint
  • Lambdoid suture
  • Coronal suture
  • Squamous suture
  • Sagittal suture

9. Bones of the Pectoral Girdle and Arm

CS "Continuous Starvation

  • Clavicle
  • Scapula

CS "Clearwater Sucks

  • Clavicle
  • Scapula

Crazy Seals

  • Clavicle
  • Scapula

9.1. Bone Markings of Humerus

Let's Rewatch Criminal Minds

  • L-lateral epicondyle
  • R-radial fossa
  • C-coronoid fossa
  • M-medial epicondyle

Let's Roll Clay Moons

  • L-lateral epicondyle
  • R-radial fossa
  • C-coronoid fossa
  • M-medial epicondyle

10. Rotator Cuff Muscles

SITS "Sit In The Seat"

  • Supraspinatus
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres Minor
  • Subscapularis

Shit I Trusted Scum

  • Supraspinatus
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres Minor
  • Subscapularis

Swimming In The Summer

  • Supraspinatus
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres Minor
  • Subscapilaris

She Is The Scientist

  • Supraspinatus
  • Infraspinatus
  • Teres Minor
  • Subscapilaris

11. Skull Sutures

"Come Sing Love Songs"

  • Coronal Suture
  • Sagittal Suture
  • Lambdoid Suture
  • Squamous Suture

"Come Smoke L 's Sam

  • Coronal Suture
  • Sagittal Suture
  • Lambdoid Suture
  • Squamous Suture

"Can Seagulls Lift Snacks

  • Coronal Suture
  • Sagittal Suture
  • Lambdoid Suture
  • Squamous Suture

12. Vertebral Regions

"Can The Ladies Stand Comfortably" "Candy Takes Liking Stripping Catiously"

  • Cervical
  • Thoracic
  • Lumbar
  • Sacral
  • Coccygeal

(These are in order superior to inferior - or starting from the top of the spine to the bottom)

Can Tinkerbell Let Stars Collide

  • Cervical
  • Thoracic
  • Lumbar
  • Sacral
  • Coccygeal

(These are in order superior to inferior - or starting from the top of the spine to the bottom)

13. Bones of the Hand

"Please Make Cookies"

  • Phalanges
  • Metacarpal bones
  • Carpal bones

(These are in order from the distal end of the fingertips to the wrist)

"Please Massage Chest"

  • Phalanges
  • Metacarpal bones
  • Carpal bones

(These are in order from the distal end of the fingertips to the wrist)

People Make Choices

  • Phalanges
  • Metacarpal bones
  • Carpal bones

(These are in order from the distal end of the fingertips to the wrist)

14. Bones of the Arm

"Ultra Red Hair"

  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Humerus

"Ultimate Rave Headquarters

  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Humerus

Usually Really Hard

  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Humerus

Unemployment Rises High

  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Humerus

15. Bones of the Phalanges

Damn My Pinky!

  • Distal phalanx
  • Middle phalanx
  • Proximal phalanx
  • From distal to proximal.

Dick Move Pal!

  • Distal phalanx
  • Middle phalanx
  • Proximal phalanx
  • From distal to proximal.

Distance My People

  • Distal phalanx
  • Middle phalanx
  • Proximal phalanx

Don't Make Problems

  • Distal phalanx
  • Middle phalanx
  • Proximal phalanx

16. Afferent Vs Efferent

Afferent connection arrives and an efferent connection exits.

17. Anterior Flexor Muscles of the Forearm

Cats Run Circles Under Dogs Stomachs

  • Carpi
  • Radialis
  • Carpi
  • Ulnaris
  • Digitorum
  • Superficialis

Can't Really Come Until Day Six

  • Carpi
  • Radialis
  • Carpi
  • Ulnaris
  • Digitorum
  • Superficialis

18. Anterior Leg Compartment

"The Hospitals Are Not Dirty Places"

  • Tibialis anterior
  • extensor Hallucis longus
  • anterior tibial Artery
  • deep fibular Nerve
  • extensor Digitorum longus
  • Peroneus tertius [aka fibularis tertius][1]

"Those Horses Are Never Doing Pilates"

  • Tibialis anterior
  • extensor Hallucis longus
  • anterior tibial Artery
  • deep fibular Nerve
  • extensor Digitorum longus
  • Peroneus tertius [aka fibularis tertius][1]

19. Posterior Leg Compartment (Posterior Ankle Structures)

Tom Dig A Nice Hole

  • Tibialis posterior
  • Flexor Digitorum longus
  • Artery - Posterior tibial artery
  • Nerve - Tibial nerve
  • Flexor Hallucis longus

20. Brachial Plexus

Remember To Drink Cold Beer - Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches

  • Posterior cord branches
    • STAR - subscapular (upper and lower), thoracodorsal, axillary, radial
    • RATS- Radial nerve, Axillary nerve, Thoracodorsal nerve, Subscapular (Upper & Lower)nerve.
    • ULTRA - upper subscapular, lower subscapular, thoracodorsal, radial, axillary
    • ULNAR- Upper subscapular nerve, Lower subscapular nerve,Nerve to latissimus dorsi, Axillary nerve, Radial nerve.
  • Lateral Cord Branches
    • LLM "Lucy Loves Me" - lateral pectoral, lateral root of the median nerve, musculocutaneous
    • Love Me Latha (LML) - Lateral pectoral nerve, Musculocutaneous nerve, Lateral root of Median Nerve.
    • Look My Lancer-Lateral pectoral nerve, Musculocutaneous nerve,Lateral root of Median nerve.
  • Medial Cord Branches
    • MMMUM "Most Medical Men Use Morphine" - medial pectoral, medial cutaneous nerve of arm, medial cutaneous nerve of forearm, ulnar, medial root of the median nerve
    • "Money Makes Many Men Unhappy" - Medial pectoral nerve, Medial cutaneous nerve of arm, Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm, Medial root of median nerve, Ulnar nerve.
    • "M4U" - Medial pectoral nerve, Medial cutaneous nerve of arm, Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm, Medial root of median nerve, Ulnar nerve
    • Union of 4 Medials - Ulnar nerve, Medial cutaneous nerve of arm, Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm, Medial pectoral nerve, Medial root of Median Nerve.
  • 5 main nerves of brachial plexus, in order laterally to medially
    • "My Aunty Rocks My Uncle" - Musculocutaneous, axillary, radial, median, ulnar.

21. Bowel Components

"Dow Jones Industrial Average Closing Stock Report"[1]

From proximal to distal:

  • Duodenum
  • Jejunum
  • Ileum
  • Appendix
  • Colon
  • Sigmoid
  • Rectum

22. Carotid Sheath Contents

I See 10 CC's in the IV:[1]p. 1

  • I See (I.C.) = Internal Carotid artery
  • 10 = CN 10 (Vagus nerve)
  • CC = Common Carotid artery
  • IV = Internal Jugular Vein

23. Cavernous Sinus Contents

O TOM CAT:[1]p. 1

O TOM are lateral wall components, in order from superior to inferior.

CA are the components within the sinus, from medial to lateral. CA ends at the level of T from O TOM.

  • Occulomotor nerve (III)
  • Trochlear nerve (IV)
  • Ophthalmic nerve (V1)
  • Maxillary nerve (V2)
  • Carotid artery
  • Abducent nerve (VI)
  • T: When written, connects to the T of OTOM

24. Celiac Trunk(Coeliac Trunk): Branches

Left Hand Side (LHS):

  • Left gastric artery
  • Hepatic artery
  • Splenic artery

25. Cranial Bones

Old People From Texas Eat Spiders

  • Occipital
  • Parietal
  • Frontal
  • Temporal
  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid

Funny People Over Entertainment Try Songs

  • Frontal
  • Parietal
  • Occipital
  • Ethmoid
  • Temporal
  • Sphenoid

26. Vertebral Column

can this little servant cook ?

  • Cervical (atlas, axis)
  • thoracic
  • lumbar
  • sacral
  • coccygeal

"Can Tall Ladies Sit Comfortably"

  • Cervical
  • Thoracic
  • Lumbar
  • Sacral
  • Coccygeal

(These are in order superior to inferior- or starting from the top of the spine to the bottom.)

27. Tributaries of the Inferior Vena Cava

"I Like To Rise So High"

  • Iliac vein (common)
  • Lumbar vein
  • Testicular (gonadal) vein (direct tributary on right side; empties into left renal vein -> IVC on left side)
  • Renal vein
  • Suprarenal vein (same drainage as gonadal vein)
  • Hepatic vein[2]

28. Greater Sciatic Foramen

Structures passing through greater sciatic foramen below piriformis (S.N.I.P. N.I.P.)

  • sciatic nerve
  • nerve to obturator internus
  • internal pudendal vessel
  • pudendal nerve
  • nerve to quadratus femoris
  • inferior gluteal vessels
  • posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh

29. Lesser Sciatic Foramen

Structures passing through lesser sciatic foramen: (P.I.N.T.)

  • pudendal nerve
  • internal pudendal vessels
  • nerve to obturator internus
  • tendon of obturator internus

30. Tarsal Tunnel

a mnemonic to remember the contents of the Tarsal tunnel from anterior to posterior is "Tom, Dick and Harry".[3][4][5] or alternatively "Tom, Dick (and very nervous) Harry" if the artery, vein, and nerve are included.

31. Subclavian Artery

The branches of the subclavian artery can be remembered using VITamin C and D.

  • Vertebral Artery
  • Internal Thoracic Artery
  • Thyrocervical Trunk
  • Costocervical Artery
  • Dorsal Scapular Artery

32. Posterior Mediastinum

The contents of posterior mediastinum can be remembered using the mnemonic, "DATES"

  • Descending aorta
  • Azygous vein and hemiazygos vein
  • Thoracic duct
  • Esophagus
  • Sympathetic trunk/ganglia.[6]

33. Branch of Trigeminal

Standing room only can be used to remember that:

  • V1 passes through the superior orbital fissure
  • V2 through the foramen rotundum
  • V3 through the foramen ovale.[7]

34. Foramen Magnum

Contents of the foramen magnum: VAMPS-ATM OR VAMPires Sing AT Midnight

  • Vertebral arteries
  • Anterior Spinal artery
  • Meningeal branches of the cervical nerves
  • Posterior spinal arteries
  • Spinal part of the accessory nerve
  • Alar and Apical ligaments of the dens
  • Tectorial membrane
  • Medulla oblongata

35. Cerebellum

Deep cerebellar nuclei and their positions relative to the midline: "Fat Guys Eat Donuts," where each letter indicates the medial to lateral location in the cerebellar white matter

  • nucleus fastigii
  • globose nucleus
  • nucleus emboliformis
  • dentate nucleus

36. Pes Anserinus

A mnemonic to remember the muscles that contribute tendons to the pes anserinus and the innervations of these muscles is SGT FOT (sergeant FOT)

  • S- Sartorius
  • G- Gracilis
  • T- semiTendinosus (from anterior to posterior).
  • F- femoral nerve
  • O- obturator nerve
  • T- tibial division of the sciatic nerve.

Notice the order of the muscles (S, G, T) follows the order of the innervating nerves which correspond to those muscles (F, O, T)

Another anterior to posterior is “Say Grace before Tea” Sartorius, Gracilis, semiTendinosus.

37. Femoral Triangle

The femoral triangle is shaped like the sail of a sailing ship and hence its boundaries can be remembered using the mnemonic, "SAIL":

  • Sartorius
  • Adductor longus
  • Inguinal Ligament.[8]

The order of structures in the femoral triangle is important in the embalming of bodies, as the femoral artery is often exposed and used to pump embalming fluids into the body. The order of this neurovascular bundle can be remembered using the mnemonic, "NAVY":

  • Nerve
  • Artery
  • Vein
  • Y -fronts (the British term of a style of men's underwear with a "Y" shaped front that acts as a fly). The "Y" is midline (corresponding with the penis) and the mnemonic always reads from lateral to medial (in other words, the Femoral Nerve is always lateral).

An alternate to this mnemonic is "NAVEL" for Nerve, Artery, Vein, Empty Space and Lymph, to include the deep inguinal lymph nodes located medial to the Femoral vein.

38. Popliteal Fossa

A useful mnemonic to remember popliteal fossa anatomy (medial-to-lateral arrangement) is: Serve And Volley Next Ball.

  • S: semimembranosus and semitendinosus (superior medial border)
  • A: artery (popliteal artery)
  • V: vein (popliteal vein)
  • N: nerve (tibial nerve)
  • B: biceps femoris (superior lateral border). The lateral and medial heads of gastrocnemius form the inferior border.[9]

39. Cranial Nerves

There are many mnemonics for the names of the cranial nerves, e.g.

  • "OOOTTAFAGVSH" is "OLd OPen OCeans TROuble TRIbesmen ABout Fish VEnom Giving VArious ACute/SPlitting Headaches" (a mnemonic that gives enough letters to distinguish between nerves that start with the same letter), or "On old Olympus's towering tops, a Finn and German viewed some hops,"[10] and for the initial letters "OOOTTAFVGVAH" is "Oh, oh, oh, to touch and feel very good velvet ... ah, heaven."[11] The differences between these depend on "acoustic" versus "vestibulocochlear" and "spinal-accessory" versus "accessory".
  • A common example mnemonic for remembering which nerves are motor (M), sensory (S), or both (B), "Some Say Marry Money But My Brother Says Benevolent Bride Matters More". There are a very large number of additional mnemonics.[12]
  • For the five branches of the facial nerve there are: Two Zebras Bit My Cookie or To Zanzibar By MotorCar
List of mnemonics for the cranial nerves, their respective type and foramen
NERVE: Olfactory nerve Optic nerve Oculomotor nerve Pathic (Trochlear) nerve Trigeminal (dentist) nerve Abducens nerve Facial nerve Vestibulo-cochlear (Auditory) nerve Glosso-pharyngeal nerve Vagus nerve Spinal Accessory nerve Hypoglossal nerve
Ophthalmic Maxillary Mandibular
Mnemonic:
(for nerve)[13]
OLd OPen OCeans TROuble TRIbesmen ABout Fish VEnom Giving VArious ACute / SPlitting Headaches
TYPE: Sensory Sensory Motor Motor Both (sensory + motor) Motor Both Sensory Both Both Motor Motor
Mnemonic:
(for type)[14]
Some Say Marry Money, But My Brother Says Big Business Makes Money
FORAMINA: Cribriform plate Optic canal Superior Orbital Fissure Superior Orbital Fissure Superior Orbital Fissure Foramen Rotundum Foramen Ovale Superior Orbital Fissure Internal Acoustic Meatus Internal Acoustic Meatus Jugular Foramen Jugular Foramen Jugular Foramen Hypoglossal Canal
Mnemonics:
(for foramina)
Cleaners Only Spray Smelly Stuff Right On Smelly Izods In Jumbled Junkyards Juggled High
Carl Only Swims South. Silly Roger Only Swims In Infiniti Jacuzzis. Jane Just Hitchhikes.

40. Diaphragm Apertures: Spinal Levels

Many mnemonics are used for diaphragm apertures including:

40.1. Number of Letters

  • Aortic hiatus = 12 letters = T12
  • Oesophagus = 10 letters = T10
  • Vena cava = 8 letters = T8[1]p. 1

40.2. I Ate 10 Eggs at 12

  • I = IVC
  • ate = T8
  • 10 = T10
  • Eggs = Esophagus
  • At = Aorta
  • 12 = T12

40.3. (V)oice (O)f (A)merica

  • V- vena cava -T8
  • O-oesophagus-T10
  • A-aorta-T12

41. Duodenum: Lengths of Parts

"Counting 1 to 4 but staggered":[1]p. 1

  • 1st part: 2 inches
  • 2nd part: 3 inches
  • 3rd part: 4 inches
  • 4th part: 1 inch

42. Endocrine Glands

The major glands of the endocrine system, excluding ovaries and testes: "T-A-P." (T2, A3, P4)

  • Thymus
  • Thyroid
  • Anterior pituitary
  • Adrenal cortex
  • Adrenal medulla
  • Posterior pituitary
  • Parathyroid gland
  • Pancreas
  • Pineal[15]

43. G.I. Tract Layers (Simplified)

43.1. M.S.M.S

  • Mucosa
  • Submucosa
  • Muscularis propria
  • Serosa[16]

44. Kidney Functions

44.1. A WET BED

  • A – maintaining ACID-base balance
  • W – maintaining WATER balance
  • E – ELECTROLYTE balance
  • T – TOXIN removal
  • B – BLOOD Pressure control
  • E – making ERYTHROPOIETIN
  • D – Vitamin D metabolism

45. Lateral Geniculate Nucleus

A simple mnemonic for remembering this is "See I? I see, I see," with "see" representing the C in "contralateral," and "I" representing the I in "ipsilateral." Another is "Emily and Pete meet eye to eye" as in "M and P meet I to I," or again, Magno and Parvo meet Ipsi to Ipsi.

Another way of remembering this is 2+3=5, which is correct, so ipsilateral side, and 1+4 doesn't equal 6, so contralateral.

46. Placenta-crossing Substances

WANT My Hot Dog[17]

  • Wastes
  • Antibodies
  • Nutrients
  • Teratogens
  • Microorganisms
  • Hormones, HIV
  • Drugs

47. Retina

A mnemonic to remember the layers of the retina:

My Membrane (internal limiting)
Nerves Nerve fibers
Get Ganglions
In Inner plexiform
Knots Inner nuclear
Outside Outer plexiform
Our Outer nuclear
Easy External limiting membrane
Practice Photoreceptors
Review Retinal pigment epithelium

48. Sperm: Path Through Male Reproductive System

"My boyfriend's name is STEVE":[1]

  • Seminiferous Tubules
  • Epididymis
  • Vas deferens
  • Ejaculatory duct

49. Sternal Angle

For structures lying at the level of the sternal angle, the following mnemonic can be used:

49.1. RAT PLLANT

  • Rib 2
  • Aortic arch
  • Tracheal bifurcation
  • Pulmonary trunk
  • Ligamentum arteriosum
  • Left recurrent laryngeal
  • Azygos Vein
  • Nerves (Cardiac and Pulmonary plexuses)
  • Thoracic duct

49.2. PLOT of EARTH PLLANTS

is a more detailed mnemonic including:

  • Phrenic and Vagus Nerve
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Oblique fissure of lungs (top of it)
  • Thymus
  • Esophagus (trending right to left)
  • Aortic Arch (bottom of the arch)
  • Rib 2, Manubrium-sternal angle, T4(more specifically T4-5 disc)
  • Tracheal Bifurcation (Carina: Latin –like keel of boat)
  • Heart
  • Pulmonary trunk bifurcation
  • L2 : Left Recurrent Laryngeal (Looping under Aorta); Ligamentum Arteriosum: Connects Aortic Arch to Pulmonary. Bifurcation
  • Azygous vein arches over the root of the Rt. Lung and opens in SVC.
  • Nerve plexi: Cardiac and Pulmonary Plexus
  • Thoracic duct (on its way to drain into the Left Subclavian)
  • SVC going down

50. Spine

  • Breakfast at 7:00--- 7 cervical vertebrae
  • Lunch at 12:00--- 12 thoracic vertebrae
  • Dinner at 5:00--- 5 lumbar vertebrae[18]

51. Hand

  • Carpal Bones:

Sally Left The Party To Take Cathy Home:
Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiforme, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate and Hamate

  • Carpal bones:

So Long To Pinky Here Comes The Thumb:
Straight Line To Pinky Here Comes The Thumb:
Scaphoid, Lunatum, Triquetrum, Pisiforme, Hamate, Capitate, Trapezoid, Trapezium

52. Internal Iliac Artery: Branches

I Like Going Places Using My Very Own Unmanned Vehicle
Posterior division:

  • Iliolumbar artery
  • Lateral sacral artery
  • Superior gluteal artery

Anterior division:

  • Inferior gluteal artery
  • Internal pudendal artery
  • Umbilical artery
  • Middle rectal artery
  • Superior and inferior vesical artery
  • Obturator artery
  • Uterine artery (female)
  • Vaginal artery (female)

53. Coronal Section of Brain (Structures)

"In Extremis, Cannibals Eat People's Globus Pallidi Instead Of Their Hearts":

From insula to midline:

  • ‘’’I’’’nsula
  • ’’’E’’’xtream capsule
  • Claus’’’t’’’rum
  • ’’’External ’’’c’’’apsule
  • ’’’P’’’utaman
  • Globus pallid ‘’’u’’’s
  • Intern’’’a’’’l capsule
  • Thalam’’’u’’’s
  • Hypo ‘’’t’’’halamus

54. Anterior Pituitary Hormones

54.1. FLAG TOP

  • FSH
  • LH
  • ACTH
  • GH
  • TSH
  • MelanOcyte Stimulating Hormone
  • Prolactin

55. Bone Projections

Girls In Leadership - Greater tubercle Intertubercular groove Lesser tubercle Humerus tubercles

References

  1. "Anatomy". medicalmnemonics.com. http://www.medicalmnemonics.com/pdf/2002_09_full_abr_a4.pdf. 
  2. "Inferior vena cava: tributaries". LifeHugger. 27 September 2009. http://www.lifehugger.com/moc/902/Inferior_vena_cava_tributaries. 
  3. "Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome & Nerve Entrapments". http://www.orthoteers.com/content/content.aspx?article=80. 
  4. http://doctor.medscape.com/viewarticle/413587
  5. MedicalMnemonics.com: 1182 7 http://www.medicalmnemonics.com/cgi-bin/lookup.cfm?id1=1182&id2=7&id3=&id4=
  6. "Posterior mediastinum: Contents". LifeHugger. 27 September 2009. http://www.lifehugger.com/moc/900/Posterior_mediastinum_Contents. 
  7. MedicalMnemonics.com: 38 http://www.medicalmnemonics.com/cgi-bin/lookup.cfm?id1=38&id2=&id3=&id4=
  8. "Medical mnemonics". LifeHugger. http://mc.lifehugger.com/moc/389/femoral-triangle-boundaries. 
  9. Niknejad, Mohammad Taghi. "Popliteal fossa anatomy (mnemonic) | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org" (in en). https://radiopaedia.org/articles/popliteal-fossa-anatomy-mnemonic. 
  10. Dennis Long (2006). Vive Les Verbes Français!: 6,000 Verbs to Add Savoir-Flair to Your French. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-07-147875-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=fE0Q3mwZBeEC&pg=PR8. 
  11. Kevin C. Wang; Rita A. Mukhtar; Rodrigo E Saenz (2005). Hardcore Neuroscience. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-4051-0471-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=KEOmCHmHRpgC&pg=PA23. 
  12. Saladin, Kenneth S. (2008). Human anatomy (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education. ISBN 0-07-110209-4. 
  13. Textbook of Basic Nursing by Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194; Medical Terminology for Dummies by Beverley Henderson and Jennifer Dorsey (For Dummies, 2008) p327 https://books.google.com/books?id=odY9mXicPlYC&pg=PA194&dq=mnemonic+cranial&hl=en&ei=r00-TbSvCcuugQfFyuS_CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CD4Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=mnemonic%20cranial&f=true
  14. Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski, Textbook of Basic Nursing (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194
  15. Ziser. "The Endocrine System (Major Endocrine Glands)". pp. 1. http://www.austincc.edu/sziser/Biol%202404/2404%20handouts/The%20Endocrine%20System.pdf. 
  16. "Four layers of the Gastointestinal Tract". University of Leeds. http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/oral/GI_layers.php. 
  17. Mega List of Mnemonics for Nurses & Nursing Students. Examville Study Guides. 2010. 
  18. "Skeletal Anatomy: Vertebrae and Thoracic Cage". http://legacy.owensboro.kctcs.edu/gcaplan/anat/notes/api%20notes%20h%20skeletal%20vertebrae.htm. 
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