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Sean Hannity
conspiracy theories health terrorism

1. Introduction

Sean Patrick Hannity (born December 30, 1961) is an American talk show host and conservative political commentator. Hannity is the host of The Sean Hannity Show, a nationally syndicated talk radio show. He also hosts a cable news show, Hannity, on Fox News.

He worked as a general contractor, and volunteer talk show host at UC Santa Barbara in 1989. He later joined WVNN in Athens, Alabama, and shortly afterward, WGST in Atlanta. In 1996, he was hired by Fox and was accompanied by Alan Colmes when he received his show Hannity & Colmes. Leaving WGST, he worked at WABC in New York until 2013, where he was on air full-time. Since 2014, he has worked at WOR. After Colmes announced his departure in January 2008, he merged his Hannity & Colmes show into Hannity.

Hannity has received several awards and honors, including an honorary degree from Liberty University. He has written three best-selling books: Let Freedom Ring: Winning the War of Liberty over Liberalism; Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism; and Conservative Victory: Defeating Obama's Radical Agenda.

Hannity has promoted falsehoods and conspiracy theories, such as casting doubt on Barack Obama's birthplace, promoting conspiracy theories about the murder of Seth Rich, and reporting false stories about Hillary Clinton's health. He was an early supporter of Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election. Since Trump's election, Hannity has often acted as a conduit for Trump's messaging, criticizing the media and attacking the special counsel inquiry. Some White House advisors have characterized Hannity as the "shadow" chief-of-staff.[1] According to Forbes, by 2018 Hannity had become one of the most-watched hosts in cable news and most-listened-to hosts in talk radio due to his close friendship and access to President Donald Trump.[2]

2. Early Life and Education

Sean Patrick Hannity was born in New York City, New York, the son of Lillian (Flynn) and Hugh Hannity.[3] Lillian worked as a stenographer and a corrections officer at a county jail, while Hugh was a family-court officer.[4] He is the youngest of four siblings.[4] All of his grandparents immigrated to the United States from Ireland. He grew up in Franklin Square, New York.[4]

Hannity attended Sacred Heart Seminary in Hempstead, New York, during his middle school years and St. Pius X Preparatory Seminary high school in Uniondale, New York.[5] He attended New York University, UC Santa Barbara, and Adelphi University, but did not graduate.[4][6][7]

3. Career

Hannity in a radio and television interview with Vice President Dick Cheney.

Hannity attended college for two years before dropping out due to financial difficulty. In 1982, he started a house-painting business and a few years later, worked as a building contractor in Santa Barbara, California.[8] He hosted his first talk radio show in 1989 at the volunteer college station at UC Santa Barbara, KCSB-FM, while working as a general contractor. The show aired for 40 hours of air time.[9] Regarding his first show, he said, "I wasn't good at it. I was terrible."[10] Hannity's weekly show on KCSB was canceled after less than a year. This was after two shows featuring the book The AIDS Coverup: The Real and Alarming Facts about AIDS by Gene Antonio; among other remarks made during the broadcast, Hannity told a lesbian caller, "I feel sorry for your child."[11] The university board that governed the station later reversed its decision due to a campaign conducted on Hannity's behalf by the Santa Barbara chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union, which argued that the station had discriminated against Hannity's First Amendment rights. When the station refused to give him a public apology and more airtime, Hannity decided against returning to KCSB.[12][13]

After leaving KCSB, Hannity placed an ad in radio publications, presenting himself as "the most talked about college radio host in America." Radio station WVNN in Athens, Alabama (part of the Huntsville market), then hired him to be the afternoon talk show host.[9] From Huntsville, he moved to WGST in Atlanta in 1992, filling the slot vacated by Neal Boortz, who had moved to competing station WSB. In September 1996, Fox News co-founder Roger Ailes hired the then relatively unknown Hannity to host a television program under the working title Hannity and LTBD ("liberal to be determined").[14] Alan Colmes was then hired to co-host and the show debuted as Hannity & Colmes.

Later that year, Hannity left WGST for New York, where WABC had him substitute for their afternoon drive time host during Christmas week. In January 1997, WABC put Hannity on the air full-time, giving him the late-night time slot. WABC then moved Hannity to the same drive-time slot he had filled temporarily a little more than a year earlier. Hannity was on WABC's afternoon time slot from January 1998[15] until the end of 2013. Since January 2014, Hannity has hosted the 3–6 p.m. time slot on WOR in New York City.[16]

In their 2007 book Common Ground: How to Stop the Partisan War That Is Destroying America, conservative Cal Thomas and liberal Bob Beckel describe Hannity as a leader of the pack among broadcasting political polarizers, which following James Q. Wilson they define as those who have "an intense commitment to a candidate, a culture, or an ideology that sets people in one group definitively apart from people in another, rival group."[17]

3.1. Television

Hannity was a co-host of Hannity & Colmes, an American political "point-counterpoint"-style television program on the Fox News Channel featuring Hannity and Alan Colmes as co-hosts. Hannity presented the conservative point of view with Colmes providing the liberal viewpoint.

Hannity stated that if the Catholic Church were to excommunicate him over his support for contraception he would join Jerry Falwell's Thomas Road Baptist Church.[18]

In January 2007, Hannity began a new Sunday night television show on Fox News, Hannity's America.

In November 2008, Colmes announced his departure from Hannity & Colmes. After the show's final broadcast on January 9, 2009, Hannity took over the time slot with his own new show, Hannity, which has a format similar to Hannity's America.

3.2. Radio

Sean Hannity speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference in February 2015.

Hannity's radio program is a conservative political talk show that features Hannity's opinions and ideology related to current issues and politicians. The Sean Hannity Show began national syndication on September 10, 2001, on over 500 stations nationwide.[19] In 2004, Hannity signed a $25-million five-year contract extension with ABC Radio (now Citadel Media) to continue the show until 2009.[20] The program was made available via Armed Forces Radio Network in 2006.[21] In June 2007, ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Communications[22] and in the summer of 2008, Hannity was signed for a $100- million five-year contract.[23] As of March 2018, the program is heard by over 13.5 million listeners a week.[24] Hannity was ranked No. 2 in Talker Magazine's 2017 Heavy Hundred[25] and was listed as No. 72 on Forbes' "Celebrity 100" list in 2013.[26]

In January 2007, Clear Channel Communications signed a groupwide three-year extension with Hannity on over 80 stations.[27] The largest stations in the group deal included KTRH Houston, KFYI Phoenix, WPGB Pittsburgh, WKRC Cincinnati, WOOD Grand Rapids, WFLA Tampa, WOAI San Antonio, WLAC Nashville, and WREC Memphis.

Hannity signed a long-term contract to remain with Premiere Networks in September 2013.[28]

At the beginning of 2014, Hannity signed contracts to air on several Salem Communications stations including WDTK Detroit, WIND Chicago, WWRC Washington, D.C., and KSKY Dallas.[29]

3.3. Books

Hannity is the author of three books. Let Freedom Ring: Winning the War of Liberty over Liberalism was published in 2002, and Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism was published in 2004 through ReganBooks. Both of these books reached the nonfiction New York Times bestseller list, the second of which stayed there for five weeks.[30][31] Hannity has stated that he is too busy to write many books,[30] and dictated a lot of his own two books into a tape recorder while driving in to do his radio show.[32]

Hannity wrote his third book, Conservative Victory: Defeating Obama's Radical Agenda, which was released by HarperCollins in March 2010.[33] The book became Hannity's third New York Times Bestseller.[34]

3.4. Movies

Hannity executive produced and appeared in the 2017 film Let There Be Light, which also stars Kevin Sorbo.[35]

3.5. Freedom Concerts

From 2003 until 2010, Hannity hosted country music-themed "Freedom Concerts" to raise money for charity.[36] In 2010, conservative blogger Debbie Schlussel wrote that only a small percentage of the money raised by the concerts goes to the target charity, Freedom Alliance.[37] The Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) filed complaints with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), also in 2010. THE FTC complaint alleges that Hannity was "falsely promoting that all concert proceeds would be donated to a scholarship fund for the children of those killed or wounded in war."[38] The complaint filed with the IRS claims that Freedom Alliance has violated its 501(c)3 charity status.[39][40] The concerts stopped around the same year.[41]

Real estate holdings

As of April 2018 Hannity owned at least 877 residential properties, which were bought at nearly $89 million. He purchased some of the homes with the help of loans from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).[42]

4. Political Commentary, Controversies, and Criticism

Hannity has been criticized for promoting birtherism, disputed claims regarding voter fraud in the 2016 presidential election, and other conspiracy theories. He has also been criticized for being overly supportive of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump. Hannity has promoted the idea of a "deep state", which he describes as a "Shadow Government" – a network of government officials that is working to hinder the Trump administration.

According to the Washington Post, Hannity "repeatedly embraces storylines that prove to be inaccurate" and takes positions that change over time.[13] According to the New York Times, Hannity is "barreling headfirst into the murky territory between opinion and out-and-out conspiracy theorism."[4] Hannity often promotes conspiracy theories without explicitly endorsing them, unlike Alex Jones; the New York Times wrote that this "has the effect of nourishing the more wild-eyed beliefs of his fans while providing Hannity a degree of plausible deniability."[4]

During the Bush years, Hannity "loyally supported the president's policies."[13] During the Obama administration, Hannity "leaned more heavily on stories he believed were being given short shrift by the 'liberal media' — stories about where Obama was born, and who deserved blame for the attack on the U.S. compound in Benghazi, Libya."[13] In 2017, the Washington Post wrote that "what Hannity has stood for — at least for the past couple of years — is Trump."[13]

4.1. Birtherism

Though he said that he believed that President Barack Obama was born in the United States, Hannity brought up the issue of whether Obama was born in the United States and repeatedly called on Obama to release his birth certificate.[43][44] Hannity also defended and promoted those who questioned Obama's citizenship of the United States, such as Donald Trump. Hannity invited Trump to his show at the same time that Trump was a leader in the birther movement; during an interview with Hannity, Trump said that Obama "could have easily have come from Kenya, or someplace."[4] To which Hannity responded, "The issue could go away in a minute. Just show the certificate."[4] After Obama in 2008 produced what the state of Hawaii certified as a legitimate birth certificate, Hannity kept calling on Obama to release his birth certificate, asking, if there was a birth certificate, why did he not "just produce it and we move on?"[45] In October 2016, Hannity offered to purchase a one-way ticket to Kenya for Obama, harking back to the controversy.[46]

4.2. 2016 Presidential Campaign

Candidacy of Donald Trump

Hannity with Donald Trump in 2015.

Hannity is notable for his pro-Trump coverage.[4][13][47] According to the Washington Post, "Hannity's comeback coincided with his early, eager embrace of his fellow New Yorker... Trump attacked the Gold Star father, and Hannity stood by him. Trump went after a federal judge of Mexican descent, and Hannity backed him. Even after the "Access Hollywood" tape emerged of Trump boasting about grabbing women, Hannity defended his guy: "King David had 500 concubines, for crying out loud." After the inauguration, the first interview the new president gave to a cable news channel went to Hannity."[13] Hannity also defended the Trump administration's false claim that Trump's inauguration crowd was the biggest ever.[13]

Hannity has been criticized as being overly favorable to the candidacy of Donald Trump and granting Trump more airtime than other presidential candidates during the 2016 primaries. Hannity, for instance, let Trump promote the false conspiracy theory that Rafael Cruz, father of Trump's rival presidential candidate Ted Cruz, was involved in the John F. Kennedy assassination.[13] During interviews, Hannity "frequently cites areas where he agrees with Trump, or where he thinks Trump was right about something, then asks him to expand on it", and "often ignores or defends Trump from criticism," according to a CNN report.[48] Tensions between Cruz and Hannity appeared to reach a boiling point during a contentious April 2016 radio interview, during which Cruz implied Hannity was a "hard-core Donald Trump supporter" and Hannity responded by accusing Cruz of "throw[ing] this in my face" every time he asked a "legitimate question".[49] Jim Rutenberg reported in August 2016 that Hannity is "not only Mr. Trump's biggest media booster; he also veers into the role of adviser," citing sources who said Hannity spent months offering suggestions to Trump and his campaign on strategy and messaging. Hannity responded to the report by saying, "I'm not hiding the fact that I want Donald Trump to be the next President of the United States. ...I never claimed to be a journalist."[50] (In an article published in December 2017, Hannity said "I'm a journalist. But I'm an advocacy journalist, or an opinion journalist."[4]) Hannity has feuded with several conservatives who oppose Trump, including National Review's Jonah Goldberg,[51][52] Wall Street Journal foreign affairs columnist Bret Stephens,[53] and National Review editor Rich Lowry.[54]

In 2017, Trump was reported to often call Hannity after his nightly Fox program.[55]

Conspiracy theories about Hillary Clinton

During the 2016 presidential election, Hannity periodically promoted conspiracy theories regarding Hillary Clinton and the Democratic Party.[56][57][58][59] Hannity repeatedly claimed that Clinton had very serious medical problems and that the media was covering them up.[13][56][60][61] He misrepresented photos of Clinton to give the impression that she had secret medical problems.[56][58] He shared a photo from the fringe news site Gateway Pundit and falsely claimed that it showed her Secret Service agent holding a diazepam pen intended to treat seizures, when he in fact was holding a small flashlight.[56] He booked doctors on his show to discuss Clinton's health; although these people had never personally examined Clinton, they made alarmist statements about her state of health which turned out to be false.[56][58] At one point, Hannity promoted an unsubstantiated report that Clinton was drunk at a rally; at another point, he suggested that Clinton was drunk and that her campaign needed to "sober her up".[62]

In October 2016, Hannity claimed that WikiLeaks has revealed that "everything that conspiracy theorists have said over the years" about Clinton is true.[63]

Murder of Seth Rich conspiracy theories

In May 2017, Hannity became a prominent promoter of the conspiracy theory that Hillary Clinton and the Democratic Party had a DNC staffer killed.[13][64][65][66][67][68] Shortly afterward, he faced backlash from both left- and right-wing sources and lost several advertisers, including Crowne Plaza Hotels,, Leesa Mattress, USAA, Peloton and Casper Sleep deciding to pull their marketing from his program on Fox News.[69][70][71] However, USAA decided to return to the show shortly after following a negative outcry against its decision to pull out.[72] Conservative magazine National Review compared the story to a flat earth video, called it a "disgrace" that Hannity and other conspiracy theorists were hyping the story, and called for them to stop.[73]

In March 2018, Seth Rich's parents filed a lawsuit against Fox News for pushing conspiracy theories about their son's death. The suit alleges that the network "intentionally exploited" the tragedy for political purposes.[74]

Claims about election fraud

Hannity came under criticism during the 2016 presidential election for false claims about election rigging during interviews. Hannity responded to this by citing Mitt Romney's failure in 2012 to obtain any votes in 59 of 1,687 Philadelphia voting districts as proof of election rigging. However, and PolitiFact found that it was not unusual at all for this to occur, as those districts are heavily African-American. Philadelphia elections inspector Ryan Godfrey also refuted Hannity's claim.[75][76]

4.3. WikiLeaks

In 2010, Sean Hannity said that WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was waging a "war" on the United States, and that Wikileaks put American lives in "jeopardy" and "danger" around the world. He also criticized the Obama administration for failing to apprehend Assange.[77][78] In 2016, after Wikileaks published leaked emails from the Democratic National Committee, Hannity praised Assange for showing "how corrupt, dishonest and phony our government is".[78][79] He told Assange in a September 2016 interview, "I do hope you get free one day. I wish you the best."[80] In May 2017, Hannity made an offer to Assange to guest host his Fox News TV show.[81]

In February 2017, Hannity retweeted a WikiLeaks tweet linking to an article by Gateway Pundit, claiming that John McCain was a "globalist war criminal". McCain's spokeswoman called Hannity out on it, asking him to "correct the record." Hannity later deleted the tweet.[82]

4.4. Relationship with Donald Trump and Michael Cohen

Hannity developed a close relationship with Trump during the election and has become even closer during his presidency. They speak on the phone multiple times a week, discussing Hannity's show, the special counsel investigation, even evaluating White House staff.[83][84] Hannity shares what The Economist calls "Mr Trump's love of conspiracy theories and hatred of snooty elites".[85] They speak so often that one Trump adviser has said that Hannity "basically has a desk in the place."[83] On the air, Hannity echoes Trump's attacks on the media and Special Counsel investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.[86] Trump sometimes quotes Hannity to others or promotes the show to his Twitter followers.[83]

According to a report by New York magazine, Hannity frequently talks to Trump by telephone after Hannity's weekday broadcasts, and on other occasions,[87][88] and Hannity is one of several dozen cleared callers whose calls to the White House public switchboard can be connected directly to the president.[87]

Hannity stirred controversy in April 2018 when it was revealed that he shared a lawyer, Michael Cohen, with President Trump. In a breach of journalistic ethics, Hannity had failed to disclose that Cohen was his lawyer while at the same time taking to the Fox airwaves to defend Cohen and criticize those who investigated him.[89][90][91][92]

On April 9, 2018, federal agents from the U.S. Attorney's office served a search warrant on the office and residence of Michael Cohen, Trump's personal attorney.[93] On the air, Hannity defended Cohen and criticized the federal action, calling it "highly questionable" and "an unprecedented abuse of power".[94] On April 16, 2018, in a court hearing, Cohen's lawyers told the judge that Cohen had ten clients in 2017-2018 but did "traditional legal tasks" for only three: Trump, Elliott Broidy, and a "prominent person" who did not wish to be named for fear of being "embarrassed".[95][96][97] The federal judge ordered the revelation of the third client, whom Cohen's lawyers named as Hannity.[95] Although Hannity has covered Cohen on his show, he did not disclose that he had consulted with Cohen.[98]

Fox News released a statement on April 16, 2018, attributed to Hannity: "Michael Cohen has never represented me in any matter. I never retained him, received an invoice, or paid legal fees. I have occasionally had brief discussions with him about legal questions about which I wanted his input and perspective. I assumed those conversations were confidential, but to be absolutely clear they never involved any matter between me and a third party."[99] Also, NBC News quoted Hannity as saying: "We definitely had attorney-client privilege because I asked him for that",[100] while Hannity said on his radio show that he "might have handed him 10 bucks" for the attorney-client privilege.[95][99] Lastly, Hannity tweeted that his discussions with Cohen were "almost exclusively" about real estate.[101]

The following day, news reports revealed that Hannity had shared another lawyer with Trump, Jay Sekulow. Sekulow had written a cease-and-desist letter to KFAQ on Hannity's behalf in May 2017, and later represented Trump in connection with the Mueller investigation.[102][103]

In August 2018, Hannity allowed Sekulow and Rudy Giuliani, another personal lawyer for Trump, to host Hannity's radio show; the duo proceeded to defend Trump and promote arguments made by the Trump administration.[104]

4.5. Criticism of FBI, DOJ, and Special Counsel

During Trump's presidency, Hannity has repeatedly attacked the FBI, DOJ, Special Counsel Robert Mueller, and others investigating Russian interference in the 2016 election.[105] According to a review by Media Matters of all transcripts from the 254 episodes of Hannity's show from Mueller's appointment (May 17, 2017) to May 16, 2018, Hannity had 487 segments substantially devoted to Mueller (approximately two per episode), opened his program with Mueller 152 times (approximately three times per week), and the content of his show was highly critical of the probe and the media's coverage of the probe.[106] He has called the Russia inquiry a "witch hunt", an "utter disgrace", and "a direct threat to you, the American people, and our American republic."[105] Hannity has expressed skepticism of the U.S. intelligence community's view that Russia hacked the Democratic National Convention's e-mails during the 2016 election and has promoted various conspiracy theories. In March 2017 he publicized a theory, first proposed at the Wikileaks Twitter account, that the CIA could have done the hacking while making it look like Russia did it.[107] In August he suggested that Seth Rich may have been the leaker.[108]

Hannity has described the Mueller investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election, as well as James Comey's tenure as FBI Director, as "one giant incestuous circle of corruption."[109] In April 2018, Hannity ran a segment where he claimed that there were "criminal" connections between Bill and Hillary Clinton, Mueller, and Comey.[109] Hannity asserted that there were three connected "Deep State crime families" actively "trying to take down the president."[109][110] A guest on the segment, attorney Joseph DiGenova, called Mueller's team "legal terrorists" and referred to Comey as a "dirty cop".[111]

Hannity also claimed that Mueller had been involved in the corrupt dealings of several FBI agents in connection with Boston, Massachusetts crime boss Whitey Bulger.[112] The federal judge who presided over a lawsuit concerning the corrupt dealings said Hannity's claims were unsubstantiated and that Mueller was never accused of any wrongdoing nor even mentioned during the proceedings.[112]

In June 2018, after reports that Special Counsel Mueller's probe had asked witnesses to turn their personal phones over to investigators for examination, Hannity sarcastically suggested on air to the witnesses that they "follow Hillary Clinton's lead" and destroy their personal phones so that they cannot be examined.[113][114]

4.6. Uranium One

From 2015 into 2018, Fox News broadcast extensive coverage of an alleged scandal surrounding the sale of Uranium One to Russian interests, which Hannity characterized as "one of the biggest scandals in American history."[115] The Fox News coverage extended throughout the programming day, with particular emphasis by Hannity.[116] The network promoted a narrative asserting that, as Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton personally approved the Uranium One sale in exchange for $145 million in bribes paid to the Clinton Foundation. Donald Trump repeated these allegations as a candidate and as president.[117] No evidence of wrongdoing by Clinton had been found after three years of allegations, an FBI investigation, and the 2017 appointment of a Federal attorney to evaluate the investigation. In November 2017, Fox News host Shepard Smith concisely debunked the alleged scandal, including stating that Clinton did not personally approve the sale, infuriating viewers who suggested he should work for CNN or MSNBC.[118][119] Hannity later called Smith "clueless," while Smith stated, "I get it, that some of our opinion programming is there strictly to be entertaining. I get that. I don’t work there. I wouldn’t work there."[120][121]

4.7. Deep State

Hannity promoted the idea that there is a "deep state" – a network of individuals within government that is working to hinder the Trump administration. He has described the deep state as a "Shadow Government" and "Deep state swamp of Obama holdovers and DC lifers".[122][123] In March 2017, he called for a "purge" of Obama-era bureaucrats and appointees in government.[124] In an op-ed for the Wall Street Journal, conservative columnist Bret Stephens disputed Sean Hannity's deep state allegations, saying they were an example of the "paranoid style in politics".[125] Later that month, Hannity said that NBC News was part of the deep state.[126] In May 2017, he reiterated that deep state/intelligence operatives were trying to destroy the Trump presidency.[127]

In March 2018, Hannity attacked Special Counsel Robert Mueller, saying that his career was "anything but impeccable."[128] Hannity asserted that Mueller was friends with former FBI Director James Comey and current Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein, and that he "cannot be expected to honestly investigate scandals that his friends are directly involved in."[129] He said that these individuals were involved in "one massive, huge, deep-state conflict of interest after another. Now they're protecting themselves. They're trying to preserve their own power."[109]

4.8. Comments on Sexual Harassment

In 2016, Hannity vociferously defended Roger Ailes when he was accused by multiple women of sexual harassment.[4] In May 2017, Hannity paid a tribute to Ailes after his death.[130] Hannity called him "a second father" and said to Ailes's "enemies" that he was "preparing to kick your a** in the next life".[130]

In April 2017, Hannity came to the defense of Fox News co-president Bill Shine after it was reported that Shine's job was at risk.[131][132] At least four lawsuits alleged that Shine had ignored, enabled or concealed Roger Ailes' alleged sexual harassment.[131][132][133]

In September 2017, several months after Bill O'Reilly was fired from Fox News in the wake of a number of women alleging that he sexually harassed them, Hannity hosted O'Reilly on his show.[134][135][136] Some Fox News employees criticized the decision.[135] In the interview, O'Reilly attacked liberal media watchdog groups and said that he should have fought harder when those groups targeted his advertisers.[135] According to CNN, during the interview, Hannity found kinship with O'Reilly as he appeared "to feel that he and O'Reilly have both become victims of liberals looking to silence them."[135]

Hannity came under criticism in October 2017 when he attacked Democrats after it was revealed that a large number of women had accused Harvey Weinstein, a prominent Hollywood producer and donor to Democratic causes, of sexual harassment.[137] Critics noted that Hannity had weeks earlier defended and hosted his coworker Bill O'Reilly who was fired following a number of sexual harassment allegations.[137][138]

4.9. LGBT Rights

In 1989, Hannity was fired from a radio job after making anti-gay comments.[139][140] He called AIDS a "gay disease" and said that the media was hiding salient information from the public.[13][140] Furthermore, Hannity said "Anyone listening to this show that believes homosexuality is just a normal lifestyle has been brainwashed… these disgusting people".[4][13] Hannity "egged on" an anti-gay activist when he said that AIDS spread when gay men consumed each other's feces,[13] said that homosexuality was a "lower form of behavior", compared homosexual sex lives to "playing in a sewer" and gay people of being "filled with hatred and bigotry".[139] When a lesbian called into the show, Hannity said "I feel sorry for your child".[4][139] The ACLU opposed his firing and petitioned the station to reverse their decision. Hannity demanded a formal apology and double the airtime. While the station did offer to allow Hannity to return, they would not meet Hannity's additional demands and he declined to return. In 2017, Hannity said that he regretted the comments and that they were "ignorant and embarrassing".[2][139]

4.10. Immigration

Hannity opposed amnesty, then he said in 2012 that he had evolved on the issue and favored a "pathway to citizenship".[13][141] Later, he opposed that idea.[13] By 2018, he was described as an immigration hardliner by CNN, The Washington Post, and New York magazine.[142][143][144] In August 2018, President Trump suggested that he might shut down the government to force Congress to fund his border wall, boasting that Sean Hannity agreed with the action.[145]

4.11. Islam

Hannity has warned of sharia law coming to the United States.[146] Hannity opposed the building of Park51, a mosque two blocks from the World Trade Center site.[146]

Hannity promoted the idea of "Islamic training camps right here in America", which were based on an unsubstantiated "documentary" by the Christian Action Network.[147]

In 2006, Hannity was critical of Keith Ellison, the first Muslim elected to U.S. Congress, being sworn into office with an oath on a Quran. Hannity equated the Quran with Mein Kampf, asking a guest on his show whether he would have allowed Ellison "to choose, you know, Hitler's Mein Kampf, which is the Nazi bible?"[148][149]

4.12. Torture

In 2009, Hannity said that he supported enhanced interrogation, a euphemism for torture. He also volunteered to be waterboarded for charity.[150][151] In response, Keith Olbermann pledged to donate $1,000 for every second of waterboarding Hannity underwent. Hannity had not been waterboarded as of 2016.[152] In 2017, Hannity continued to advocate for waterboarding, raising the example of using it against a kidnapper.[153]

4.13. Climate Change

In 2001, Sean Hannity described the scientific consensus on climate change as "phony science from the left."[154] In 2004, he falsely claimed that scientists couldn't agree on whether global warming was "scientific fact or fiction".[154] In 2010, Hannity falsely stated that so-called "Climategate" – the leaking of e-mails written by climate scientists that climate change skeptics said demonstrated scientific misconduct, but which all subsequent inquiries found to show no evidence of misconduct or wrongdoing – was a scandal that "exposed global warming as a myth cooked up by alarmists."[155] Hannity frequently invites critics of climate science onto his shows.[156]

4.14. Death Panels

Hannity promoted the falsehood that the Affordable Care Act would create so-called "death panels".[157][158][159] According to a study by Dartmouth political scientist Brendan Nyhan, Hannity's show, along with the Laura Ingraham Show, were the first major conservative media personalities to latch onto the false claim of Betsy McCaughey, a former lieutenant governor of New York, that the Affordable Care Act contained death panels.[158] When Sarah Palin stirred controversy by promoting the death panels myth, and argued her case in a Facebook post, Hannity defended her and said, "I agree with everything that she wrote".[160] Hannity also claimed that he found the specific pages in the Affordable Care Act containing provisions on death panels.[160]

A 2016 study found that Hannity promoted a number of falsehoods about the Affordable Care Act.[160] For instance, Hannity falsely alleged several times that Democratic Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus had said Social Security could be "insolvent in two years" due to the Affordable Care Act.[160] According to the study, Hannity, unlike other Fox News hosts such as Bill O'Reilly and Greta Van Susteren, "took a more direct approach, aggressively supporting Republicans and conservatives and attacking Democrats and liberals, endorsing the more spurious claims long after they were proven incorrect, and putting advocacy above accurate reporting, to further the network's themes opposing reform."[160]

4.15. Roy Moore Comments and Advertiser Boycott

In November 2017, Hannity interviewed the Alabama senate candidate Roy Moore, who was facing accusations of sexual assault and harassment of teenage girls while he was in his thirties. Hannity stated that Moore "deserves the presumption of innocence" and that "none of us know the truth".[161] After criticism from Media Matters for America, which had been promoting a boycott since May 2017 over previous controversial comments by Hannity,[162] some major advertisers pulled their advertising from Hannity's show.[2][163] These actions were met with counter boycotts by Hannity's fans who destroyed products made by the companies who removed their promotions from the show and pledged to stop buying their products until the decisions were reversed, causing the CEO of one of the companies to publicly state that the public announcement of his company's removal of advertisements was "unacceptable" and that his company did not intend to take sides in the matter.[164]

4.16. Jake Tapper

In November 2017, Fox News distorted a statement by Jake Tapper to make it appear as if he had said that "Allahu Akbar" can be used under the most "beautiful circumstances" in the immediate aftermath of the 2017 New York City truck attack wherein a terrorist shouted "Allahu Akbar".[165] Fox News omitted that Tapper had said that the use of "Allahu Akbar" in the terrorist attack was not one of these beautiful circumstances.[165] A headline on was preceded by a tag reading "OUTRAGEOUS".[165] The Fox News Twitter account distorted the statement even more, saying "Jake Tapper Says 'Allahu Akbar' Is 'Beautiful' Right After NYC Terror Attack" in a tweet that was later deleted.[165]

Even after the Fox News twitter account had deleted the tweet on Tapper's out-of-context comments, Hannity repeated the out-of-context comments to his viewers, calling Tapper "liberal fake news CNN's fake Jake Tapper" and mocking his ratings.[166][167]

5. Personal Life

Hannity has been married to Jill Rhodes since 1993. They have two children and live on Long Island, New York.[8] In 2018, Forbes estimated that Hannity's annual income was $36 million.[2] In 2014 he said that he has carried a weapon "more than half my adult life".[168]

5.1. Awards and Honors

  • Hannity received a Marconi Award in 2003 and 2007 as the Network Syndicated Personality of the Year from the National Association of Broadcasters.[169]
  • In 2009, Talkers Magazine listed Hannity as #2 on their list of the 100 most important radio talk show hosts in America.[170] The same magazine gave Hannity their Freedom of Speech Award in 2003.[171]
  • In 2005, Jerry Falwell, chancellor of Liberty University, awarded Hannity an honorary degree.[172]
  • Hannity was inducted into the National Radio Hall of Fame in November 2017.[173]

6. Bibliography

  • Hannity, Sean (2002). Let Freedom Ring: Winning the War of Liberty over Liberalism, ReganBooks, ISBN:0-06-051455-8.
  • Hannity, Sean (2004). Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism, ReganBooks, ISBN:0-06-058251-0.
  • Hannity, Sean (2010). Conservative Victory: Defeating Obama's Radical Agenda, Harper Paperbacks, ISBN:0-06-200305-4.
Further Reading
In this part, we encourage you to list the link of papers wrote by the character, or published reviews/articles about his/her academic contributions. Edit


  1. "Hannity’s rising role in Trump’s world: ‘He basically has a desk in the place’". Retrieved August 5, 2018. 
  2. Cuccinello, Hayley C.. "Trump Bump: How Sean Hannity Earned $36 Million This Year" (in en). Forbes. 
  3. "Let Freedom Ring". 
  4. Shaer, Matthew (November 28, 2017). "How Far Will Sean Hannity Go?" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  5. Hannity, Let Freedom Ring, p. 49.
  6. "Sean Hannity". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  7. Kurtz, Howard (January 14, 2002). "Radio's New Right-Fielder". Washington Post. Retrieved November 4, 2006. 
  8. Lipton, Michael A.. "The (Far) Right Stuff".,,20136407,00.html. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  9. "Hannity Bio". The Sean Hannity Show at WDBO. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  10. "'Hannitization' Of America". CBS News. May 23, 2004. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  11. Cohen, Jeff (2006). Cable News Confidential: My Misadventures in Corporate Media. Polipoint Press: Polipoint Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-9760621-6-X.,M1. 
  12. Rendall, Steve (November–December 2003). "An Aggressive Conservative vs. a 'Liberal to be Determined'". Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  13. Fisher, Marc (October 10, 2017). "The making of Sean Hannity: How a Long Island kid learned to channel red-state rage". Washington Post. 
  14. "Alan Colmes". Archived from the original on November 9, 2006. 
  15. "Sean Hannity is a multi-media superstar, spending four hours a day every day reaching out to millions of Americans on radio, television and internet". WABC. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  16. Hinckley, David (December 6, 2013). "WOR ends an era in New York radio and officially kicks off the new coming war with rival WABC". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 29, 2016. 
  17. Thomas, Cal; Bob Beckel (2007). Common Ground: How to Stop the Partisan War That Is Destroying America. New York: William Morrow. pp. 3–6. ISBN 0-06-123634-9. 
  18. Royal, Robert. "Sean and Rudy's excellent adventures in moral theology." National Catholic Reporter; March 30, 2007, Vol. 43 Issue 22, p. 19-19, 2/3p.
  19. "Canon Communications LLC: Home". Archived from the original on March 26, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2009. 
  20. "Sean Hannity Profile". WSGW. 2006. Archived from the original on August 11, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2008. 
  21. "Canon Communications LLC: Home". Archived from the original on March 26, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2009. 
  22. "Disney and Citadel Announce Completion of ABC Radio Merger" (Press release). The Walt Disney Company. June 12, 2007. Retrieved October 13, 2008.
  23. "Sean Hannity Gets $100 Million Deal" (Press release). Huff Post Media. July 21, 2008. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  24. "The Top Talk Radio Audiences". Talkers Magazine. March 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  25. "2017 TALKERS Heavy Hundred 1-25". Talkers Magazine. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  26. "Sean Hannity | Fox News" (in en-US). 
  27. "Clear Channel Radio Renews Sean Hannity Through 2010" (Press release). Clear Channel Communications. September 28, 2006. Archived from the original on October 4, 2006. Retrieved October 13, 2008. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  28. Byers, Dylan. "Hannity signs 'long-term' contract". Politico. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  29. Boyce, Phil. "Sean Hannity Moves to WDTK-AM 1400 in Detroit". MarketWatch. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  30. Contemporary Authors Online, Thomson Gale, 2005.
  31. "Wayback Machine". August 7, 2007. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. 
  32. Poniewozik, James; Sean Hannity (November 5, 2002). "10 Questions for Sean Hannity". Time.,9171,1101021111-386927,00.html. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  33. "Sean Hannity writes book on defeating Obama, Democrats". USA Today. February 16, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  34. Schuessler, Jennifer (April 15, 2010). "NYT Best Sellers – Paperback Nonfiction". NY Times. Retrieved April 18, 2010. 
  35. Gary Goldstein (October 26, 2017). "Review: Sean Hannity and Kevin Sorbo join forces in the Christian reckoning drama 'Let There Be Light'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2017. 
  36. "Hannity Bringing 'Freedom' Concert to Six Flags". New York Daily News. July 20, 2006. Retrieved August 23, 2009. 
  37. "Sean Hannity's charity 'scam'". The Week. April 1, 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  38. Dimascio, Jen (March 29, 2010). "CREW flags Hannity concert series". Politico. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  39. Sheppard, Kate (March 29, 2010). "Hannity's Charity Under Fire". Mother Jones. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  40. Scallon, Sean (March 20, 2010). "Freedom Scam?". The American Conservative. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  41. Fahrenthold, David (June 1, 2016). "Hannity defended Trump's handling of donations to veterans groups. He didn't mention his personal ties to one of them.". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2018. 
  42. Swaine, Jon (April 23, 2018). "Michael Cohen case shines light on Sean Hannity's property empire". the Guardian. 
  43. "Top Republicans try to scotch birther theories". 
  44. Stelter, Brian (April 27, 2011). "'Birthers' Fanned Flames of Conspiracy for Years". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  45. News, Albert R. Hunt | Bloomberg (May 1, 2011). "A Lie Is Born, and We All Know Where". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  46. "Hannity offers to pay for Obama to go to Kenya". POLITICO. 
  47. "Fox, facing new competitors, clings tighter to Trump". Politico. 
  48. "Sean Hannity embraces Donald Trump, without apology", CNN, May 2, 2016 .
  49. "Ted Cruz and Sean Hannity Finally Duke It Out", The Daily Beast, April 19, 2016 .
  50. Rutenberg, Jim (August 21, 2016). "Sean Hannity Turns Adviser in the Service of Donald Trump". The NY times. 
  51. Gass, Nick (September 7, 2016). "Hannity and National Review's Jonah Goldberg get into epic Twitter battle". Politico. Retrieved September 29, 2016. 
  52. Darcy, Oliver (September 7, 2016). "Sean Hannity and National Review's Jonah Goldberg get into heated Twitter fight over Donald Trump". Business Insider. Retrieved September 29, 2016. 
  53. Gass, Nick (August 5, 2016). "Hannity to WSJ editor: If Clinton wins, 'I will hold a--holes like you accountable'". Politico. Retrieved September 29, 2016. 
  54. Firozi, Paulina (September 10, 2016). "Hannity feuds with National Review editor on Twitter". The Hill. Retrieved September 29, 2016. 
  55. Bierman, Noah; Decker, Cathleen; Bennett, Brian (October 10, 2017), "Trump unleashes himself from would-be handlers, lashing out mornings, nights and weekends", The Los Angeles Times .
  56. David Weigel (August 11, 2016). "In prime time, Sean Hannity carries out a Clinton medical 'investigation'". 
  57. Rebecca Morin (August 7, 2016). "Hannity, Stelter swap criticism over conspiracy theories". Politico. 
  58. Golshan, Tara (August 18, 2016). "Here's how we know the bonkers conspiracy theory about Hillary Clinton's health is catching on". 
  59. "Analysis | The Seth Rich conspiracy shows how fake news still works". Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. May 20, 2017. 
  60. Milligan, Susan (August 15, 2016). "Hillary's Health: Conspiracy or Concern?". U.S. News & World Report. 
  61. Stelter, Brian (August 14, 2016). "Sean Hannity peddling debunked Clinton story". Reliable Sources with Brian Stelter (CNN). 
  62. Darcy, Oliver (October 31, 2016). "Sean Hannity promotes conspiracy theory Clinton was drunk at rally, then claims he didn't mean to do so" (in en). Business Insider. 
  63. Hains, Tim (October 12, 2016). "Hannity: WikiLeaks Has Proven That "Everything The Conspiracy Theorists Said" Was True". 
  64. Waldron, Travis (May 16, 2017). "Fox Pushes WikiLeaks Murder Conspiracy From Man Who Warned Of Armed Lesbian Pedophiles" (in en-US). Huffington Post. 
  65. "Sean Hannity: I'm 'Looking Into' Seth Rich's 'Suspicious' Death". The Forward. 
  66. "How The Pro-Trump Media Responds To A Crisis In Just 4 Steps" (in en). BuzzFeed. 
  67. Sommer, Allison Kaplan (May 17, 2017). "Explained // 'Alt-right' Using Cruel Seth Rich Conspiracy Theory to Deflect From Trump's Russia Scandal" (in en). Haaretz. 
  68. "Analysis | The Seth Rich conspiracy's biggest myths, explained". 
  69. Battaglio, Stephen (May 25, 2017), "Sean Hannity goes on vacation as advertisers drop out of his show", Los Angeles Times, 
  70. Bond, Paul (May 25, 2017), "Several advertisers have pulled TV spots over the 'Hannity' host's reporting on Seth Rich, while conservatives are mounting a counter-boycott.", The Hollywood Reporter, 
  71. Friedersdorf, Conor. "How Conservatives Awoke to the Dangers of Sean Hannity." The Atlantic. May 30, 2017.
  72. "USAA says it will reinstate ads on Fox News Channel's 'Hannity'". 
  73. French, David (May 24, 2017). "The Seth Rich Conspiracy Theory Is Shameful Nonsense" (in en). National Review. Retrieved July 26, 2017. 
  74."Seth Rich parents sue Fox News over retracted story they say treated him like ‘a political football’". Retrieved August 5, 2018. 
  75. "Voting Conspiracies" (in en-US). 
  76. "Internet: Philly rigged the 2012 presidential election. Experts: Still no" (in en). @politifact. 
  77. Wilstein, Matt (September 7, 2016). "Sean Hannity Suddenly Loves Julian Assange Now That He's Anti-Hillary". 
  78. "How some Republicans learned to stop worrying and love Julian Assange". 
  79. Lartey, Jamiles (October 22, 2016). "WikiLeaks praised by Sean Hannity and David Duke after Clinton revelations" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. 
  80. "Campaign 2016 updates: Donald Trump indicates allowing those in the country illegally to stay if they join military" (in en-US). Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. 
  81. Darcy, Oliver (May 31, 2017). "Julian Assange exploring ways to guest host Hannity's radio program after invite". 
  82. Carney, Jordain (February 23, 2017). "McCain spokeswoman: Hannity should 'correct the record' after 'fake news' tweet". The Hill. 
  83. Costa, Robert; Ellison, Sarah; Dawsey, Josh (April 17, 2018). "Hannity's rising role in Trump's world: 'He basically has a desk in the place'" (in en-US). Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. 
  84. Nuzzi, Olivia. "The Strange Cocoon of Trump and Hannity, Two Friends Who Like to Talk Before Bed" (in en). Daily Intelligencer. 
  85. "Sean Hannity shares a lot with Donald Trump, including an attorney". The Economist. April 19, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018. 
  86. Lima, Cristiano (April 16, 2018). "Fox's Hannity, named as a client of Michael Cohen, spent days attacking FBI raid". Politico. Retrieved April 20, 2018. 
  87. Nuzzi, Olivia; Darrow, Joe (May 14, 2018). "Donald Trump and Sean Hannity Like to Talk Before Bedtime". New York. Retrieved May 14, 2018. 
  88. Cranley, Ellen (May 14, 2018). "Trump reportedly talks to Sean Hannity most nights before bed". Business Insider. Retrieved May 14, 2018. 
  89. Grynbaum, Michael M.; Koblin, John (April 17, 2018). "No Disclosure? No Problem. Sean Hannity Gets a Pass at Fox News." (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  90. "Cohen controversy tests Hannity's Teflon Sean reputation". POLITICO. 
  91. "Hannity's ethics under fire". POLITICO. 
  92. Breuninger, Kevin (April 17, 2018). "Fox News gives Sean Hannity 'full support' as critics slam him for hiding link to Trump lawyer". CNBC. 
  93. Strobel, Warren; Walcott, John (April 10, 2018). "FBI raids offices, home of Trump's personal lawyer: sources". Retrieved April 10, 2018. 
  94. Winter, Tom; Edelman, Adam (April 16, 2018). "Fox News host Sean Hannity revealed as Michael Cohen's mystery client". NBC News. Retrieved April 16, 2018. 
  95. Miller, Hayley; Blumberg, Antonia. "Identity Of Michael Cohen's 'Mystery' Client Revealed As Sean Hannity". HuffPost. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  96. Pierson, Brendan; Freifeld, Karen; Stempel, Jonathan. "Fox's Hannity revealed as mystery client of Trump's personal lawyer". Reuters. Retrieved April 18, 2018. 
  97. Feuer, Alan; Grynbaum, Michael; Koblin, John. "Sean Hannity Is Named as Client of Michael Cohen, Trump's Lawyer". The New York Times.®ion=top-news&WT.nav=top-news. Retrieved April 18, 2018. 
  98. Richardson, Davis (April 16, 2018). "Fox News and Sean Hannity Downplay Host's Relationship With Attorney Michael Cohen". The Observer. Retrieved April 16, 2018. 
  99. Borchers, Callum. "The gaping hole in Sean Hannity's story about being Michael Cohen's client". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  100. Edelman, Adam; Winter, Tom. "Fox News host Sean Hannity revealed as Michael Cohen's mystery client". NBC News. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  101. Samuels, Brett. "Hannity downplays connection to Trump's personal lawyer". The Hill. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  102. Gray, Rosie. "Sean Hannity's Ties to Two More Trump-Connected Lawyers". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 18, 2018. 
  103. "Report: Sean Hannity used two other Trump-connected lawyers". CBS News. Retrieved April 18, 2018. 
  104. Boboltz, Sara. "Sean Hannity Just Let Trump’s Lawyers Host His Radio Show". Huffington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2018. 
  105. Porter, Tom (December 11, 2017). "Watergate Reporter Carl Bernstein Thinks Fox News Is Helping the Trump Administration Cover Up Its Russia Ties". Newsweek. 
  106. "Study: Sean Hannity spent the last year laying the groundwork for an authoritarian response to the Russia probe" (in en). Media Matters for America. May 22, 2018. 
  107. "Conservative media figures are embracing a wild WikiLeaks conspiracy theory that the CIA hacked the DNC, and then framed Russia" (in en). Business Insider. 
  108. Nazaryan, Alexander (August 19, 2017). "Link between Russia and 2016 election may be Seth Rich murder, Republican lobbyist tells Robert Mueller". Newsweek. Retrieved April 21, 2018. 
  109. Mazzetti, Mark (February 2, 2018). "How Trump's Allies Fanned an Ember of Controversy Into Flames of Outrage" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  110. "Trump Promotes Conspiratorial 'Hannity' Episode Calling Mueller Part of 'Deep State Crime Families'" (in en). April 12, 2018. 
  111. "Former federal prosecutor Joseph diGenova calls for Rosenstein's firing on Fox News after Trump tells people to tune in to the 'big show'" (in en). Business Insider. 
  112. "Opinion | Smearing Robert Mueller" (in en-US). The New York Times. April 18, 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  113. Greenwood, Max (June 6, 2018). "Fox's Hannity advises witnesses in Mueller probe smash their phones to 'little itsy bitsy pieces'" (in en). TheHill. 
  114. "Sean Hannity to Witnesses in Mueller Probe: 'Bash' Your Phones Into Pieces" (in en). June 7, 2018. 
  115. "Hannity: Uranium One Deal 'One of the Biggest Scandals in American History'". October 26, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  116. "Study: Fox spent nearly 12 hours pushing the Uranium One pseudoscandal over the last three weeks". November 8, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  117. Factbase. "Donald Trump Complete - Search Tweets, Speeches, Policies - Factbase". Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  118. "Fox News's Shepard Smith debunks his network's favorite Hillary Clinton 'scandal,' infuriates viewers". Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  119. fb (November 15, 2017). "Fox News Reports: Sean Hannity Is a Liar". Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  120. "Fox News fight: Shepard Smith, Sean Hannity trade insults". Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  121. "Shepard Smith on Fox News ‘Opinion Programming’: Shows Exist ‘Strictly to Be Entertaining’". Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  122. Schwarz, Hunter (March 7, 2017). "What's a 'Deep State' and why is it a new buzzword for the online right?". 
  123. Graham, Chris (March 11, 2017). "What is 'deep state' and is a shadowy network of Obama holdovers undermining Donald Trump?" (in en-GB). The Telegraph. 
  124. Hensch, Mark (March 10, 2017). "Spicer won't reject idea that 'deep state' opposes Trump". TheHill. 
  125. Stephens, Bret (March 13, 2017). "Deep States and Demagogues". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. 
  126. "Tax story puts spotlight on MSNBC's Rachel Maddow". 
  127. "For Trump's defenders, White House turmoil is politics as usual". Reuters. May 18, 2017. 
  128. Manchester, Julia (March 21, 2018). "Hannity rips Mueller's career: 'Anything but impeccable'" (in en). TheHill. 
  129. Balluck, Kyle (March 21, 2018). "Hannity: Mueller can't 'honestly investigate scandals' that Comey, Rosenstein are 'directly involved in'" (in en). TheHill. 
  130. "Sean Hannity has message for Roger Ailes' enemies" (in en). 
  131. Grynbaum, Michael M.; Steel, Emily (April 27, 2017). "Sean Hannity Defends Executive as Fox News Turmoil Continues" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  132. "Sean Hannity Defends Boss, Says Ouster Would Be End of Fox News". April 28, 2017. 
  133. Gabbatt, Adam (May 25, 2017). "Sean Hannity targets media watchdog amid questions over future at Fox News" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. 
  134. Lejeune, Tristan (September 26, 2017). "Hannity to host O'Reilly Tuesday on Fox News". TheHill. 
  135. Darcy, Oliver. "Bill O'Reilly appears on Fox News for first time since his ouster". CNNMoney. 
  136. "Bill O'Reilly returns to Fox as Sean Hannity's guest" (in en). USA TODAY. 
  137. "Sean Hannity goes on 10-minute rant about left's 'hypocrisy' on Harvey Weinstein, 2 weeks after having Bill O'Reilly on his show" (in en). Business Insider. 
  138. Wilstein, Matt (October 9, 2017). "'Fox & Friends' Hypocrites Slam Late-Night Hosts' Weinstein Silence". The Daily Beast. 
  139. Shugarman, Emily (October 11, 2017). "Sean Hannity once compared homosexuality to 'playing in a sewer'". The Independent. 
  140. "Fox News host Sean Hannity called AIDS a 'gay disease' and lashed out at gay 'brainwashing'" (in en-US). PinkNews. 
  141. "Hannity: I've 'evolved' on immigration and support a 'pathway to citizenship'". POLITICO. 
  142. Producer, Kevin Liptak, CNN White House. "At Mar-a-Lago, Trump hears from immigration hardliners". CNN. 
  143. Hartmann, Margaret. "White House Unveils New Immigration Push, Tries to Make Sense of Trump's Tweets" (in en). Daily Intelligencer. 
  144. Nakamura, David (April 3, 2018). "Trump heats up rhetoric on border, immigration as some supporters grow impatient" (in en-US). Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. 
  145. "President Trump boasts of Sean Hannity's approval of government shutdown plan" (in en). USA TODAY. 
  146. "Paul to Hannity: Stop with your Sharia". POLITICO. 
  147. Clift, Eleanor (November 5, 2015). "The Conspiracy Theories Animating the Right". The Daily Beast. 
  148. Bobbitt, Randy (May 25, 2010) (in en). Us against Them: The Political Culture of Talk Radio. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. ISBN 9781461634652. 
  149. Lambert, Brian (March 1, 2013). "Minnesota winters warming faster than in any other state" (in en). MinnPost. 
  150. Linkins, Jason. "Hannity Offers To Be Waterboarded For Charity (By Charles Grodin!)". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 13, 2018. 
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  152. Saward, John (August 23, 2016). "Sean Hannity and the Art of Selling a Mirage". Vice. 
  153. de Moraes, Lisa. "Sean Hannity & Donald Trump Wonder How David Muir Would Feel About Waterboarding If His Child Was Kidnapped". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 13, 2018. 
  154. McKnight, David (December 1, 2010). "A change in the climate? The journalism of opinion at News Corporation" (in en). Journalism 11 (6): 693–706. doi:10.1177/1464884910379704. ISSN 1464-8849. 
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  157. "Epistemic closure and political disinformation" (in en). The Economist. 
  158. Nyhan, Brendan (April 27, 2010). "Why the "Death Panel" Myth Wouldn't Die: Misinformation in the Health Care Reform Debate" (in en). The Forum 8 (1). doi:10.2202/1540-8884.1354. ISSN 1540-8884. 
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  161. "Here's Why Sean Hannity Fans Are Smashing Their Keurig Coffee Machines to Pieces". 
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  163. "Hebrew National and Reddi-wip announced they pulled advertising from Sean Hannity's show — but they say it has nothing to do with the recent Keurig-smashing backlash". 
  164. Wemple, Erik (November 13, 2017). "Keurig CEO: Tweet regarding 'Hannity' created an 'unacceptable situation'". The Washington Post. Washington DC: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved November 13, 2017. 
  165. "Jake Tapper slams Fox News for misrepresenting comments about New York City terror attack" (in en). Business Insider. 
  166. Balluck, Kyle (November 2, 2017). "Tapper hits Fox, Hannity over 'Allahu Akbar' comments after NY terror attack". TheHill. 
  167. "Jake Tapper feuds with Fox News, Sean Hannity over 'Allahu Akbar' comments". 
  168. de Moraes, Lisa (October 6, 2014). "Piers Morgan Resurfaces On Cable News, Talking Guns With FNC's Sean Hannity". Deadline Hollywood (Penske Business Media). Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  169. "Sean Hannity Wins 2007 Marconi Award" (PDF) (Press release). Citadel Media. September 28, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  170. "Heavy Hundred". Talkers Magazine. July–August 2009. p. 267. Archived from the original on September 3, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2009. 
  171. "Sean Hannity and Michael Medved Shows Come to News Talk 590 KTIE-AM" (Press release). Business Wire. November 29, 2005. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2008. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help); External link in |publisher= (help)
  172. Pierce, Jared (April 17, 2007). "Hannity to speak at Liberty". The Liberty Champion. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008. 
  173. Katz, A. J. (November 3, 2017). "Sean Hannity Gets Inducted Into the National Radio Hall of Fame". Retrieved April 10, 2018. 
Name: Sean Hannity
Born: Dec 1961
New York City , New York, U.S.
Titles: Radio host Television host Political commentator Author
Affiliation: Unknown
Honor: Unknown
Subjects: Others
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