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Li, H. Encyclopedia. Available online: (accessed on 06 December 2023).
Li H. Encyclopedia. Available at: Accessed December 06, 2023.
Li, Handwiki. "" Encyclopedia, (accessed December 06, 2023).
Li, H.(2022, November 21). In Encyclopedia.
Li, Handwiki. "" Encyclopedia. Web. 21 November, 2022.
Edit, formerly, was a user-generated online community space for the social and environmental movement. As one of the social networks for environmental sustainability and social change, was the primary initiative of the non-profit organization WiserEarth, which tracks the work of non-profits around the world. The site mapped and connected non-governmental organizations (NGOs), businesses, governments, groups, and individuals addressing global issues such as climate change, poverty, the environment, peace, water, hunger, social justice, conservation, human rights, and more. On 6 January 2014,'s Executive Director, Peggy Duvette wrote an open letter to all members (which she updated on 24 January 2014) explaining the need for changes and the possibility of archiving the website to the Wayback Machine; and on 17 March 2014 she officially announced that the closure and archiving of the website would occur on 10 April 2014.

social networks online community

1. History was launched as on Earth Day (April 22) 2007 as an online directory of the 100,000+ organizations touched upon in Paul Hawken's book, Blessed Unrest.[1] Hawken had amassed a collection of business cards from thousands of organizations over the years, but had not found a comprehensive directory listing all non-profit organizations involved in the social justice and environmental sector. Estimating the total number of non-profit organizations around the world to be well over a million,[2] Hawken launched, which stands for the World Index for Social and Environmental Responsibility, as an online directory to help map out the work done by these organizations. Today, incorporates additional social networking features, such as status updates, likes, walls, groups,[3] and email messaging to provide greater possibilities for collaboration. has expanded its organization directory to include listings of for-profit businesses and government agencies.

On 17 March 2014, it was announced on the website that it would be archived and shutdown on 10 April 2014.[4]

2. Facts and Figures

As of September 15, 2012, provided a directory of more than 114,000 organizations worldwide,[5][6] over 71,900 registered members,[7] and more than 2,800 groups.[8] It featured resources and information on various social issues ranging from women's rights to climate change. These resources and information are organized into 47 distinct issue areas and 381 sub-issue areas.[9] was available in English, Chinese (simplified), French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish.

3. Directory

The Directory was organized around a master list of issues which are "networked" in such a way that registered users could edit the "connections" of each issue to organizations, resources, jobs, events, and groups. The website featured groupware and social networking components including graphical "Network Maps". A unique "Solution form" allowed any logged in user to state a serious social or environmental problem and propose a way to solve it. The Solution then becomes a named entity that can be shared, modified, and acted upon as the proposed solution is implemented in the real world. The solution form included a place to record results and observations. Each Solution was provided with a publishing and networking page and a discussion forum. also incorporates embedded Google Maps integrated with the geographical data. The website was a non-profit venture and was free to the public. The data is published under a Creative Commons 3.0 license.

4. API

As of June 2009, offered a RESTful API developed under a Creative Commons 3.0 license. The API provides access to an extensive database of "entities" such as Organizations, Groups, Jobs, Events, Resources, and Solutions. There is an associated FAQ[10] and a Developer's Documentation[11] page.

5. Shutdown

On 6 January 2014, Executive Director Peggy Duvette published an open letter on the website beginning "Dear Member,"[12] in which she wrote:

The letter was subsequently updated on 24 January 2014 to include a "More information about these changes...." section,[13] which disclosed that the need for the changes is largely due to the ongoing cost of maintaining the organization's website, and upgrading it as will be needed.

On 17 March 2014, Duvette published another open letter to " friends, members and supporters,"[4] in which she wrote: "After many months of reflection and extensive feedback from members, editors and our board of directors, we have decided to close and archive the website. The archiving of the site will take place on April 10th 2014." She continued:

She concluded with: "We trust that the members of the community will continue to create lasting impact across the many global and local networks that we are part of and through the wonderful organizations and communities we work with." Further information about what will happen to individual and group listings was provided.

The website now contains the words "WiserEarth 2005-2014," as if on a tombstone, in the upper-left corner of the dark brown footer area of each of its website's pages; along with the words " is closing," followed by a "read more" link to the details, just beneath the header of its website's front page.[14]


  1. Hawken, P. (2007). Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw It Coming. Viking Press. ISBN:978-0-670-03852-7
  2. "Blessed Unrest - Metropolis" (in en-US). Metropolis. 2007-04-01. 
  3. [2] Beth's Blog - How Nonprofits Can Use Social Media
  4. Duvette, Peggy. "". Open letter to "friends, members and supporters" of March 17, 2014. WiserEarth. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  5. "Paul Hawken Speaks about Social Change:The New Global Movement" by Felicia M. Tomasko Santa Barbara Independent, Thursday, May 10, 2007
  6. "". 
  7. Members
  8. "". 
  9. "". 
  10. " API FAQ". 
  11. " API Documentation". 
  12. Duvette, Peggy. "". Original Jan 6 2014 Open letter to members. WiserEarth. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  13. Duvette, Peggy. "". Jan 24 2014 update to Open Letter to Member. WiserEarth. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  14. "".'s website's front page. WiserEarth. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
Subjects: Sociology
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