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HandWiki. Ward Plummer. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/33857 (accessed on 20 June 2024).
HandWiki. Ward Plummer. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/33857. Accessed June 20, 2024.
HandWiki. "Ward Plummer" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/33857 (accessed June 20, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, November 10). Ward Plummer. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/33857
HandWiki. "Ward Plummer." Encyclopedia. Web. 10 November, 2022.
Ward Plummer
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surface physics metals plummer

1. Introduction

E. Ward Plummer is an American physicist. His main contributions are in surface physics of metals. Plummer is a Professor of Physics at Louisiana State University.

2. Biography

Plummer received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Lewis and Clark College in 1962 and completed his Ph.D. degree in physics at Cornell University in 1967, working with Prof. Thor Rhodin. His thesis work was on atomic binding of 5-d transition-metal atoms using Field ion microscope (FIM).

Plummer accepted a National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship at the National Bureau of Standards [now called The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)] in the fall of 1967 working with Russ Young, and he stayed as a staff scientist until the fall of 1973. His work included field electron emission and photoemission studies of surfaces. NIST selected his 1969 paper "Resonance Tunneling of Field-Emitted Electrons Through Adsorbates on Metal Surfaces", co-authored with J. W. Gadzuk and R. D. Young, for inclusion in the agency's centennial collection of its top 100 articles of the 20th century. This paper reported the first-ever single electron spectroscopy work in which electronic energy levels of atoms at the surface of a metal were observed.

In 1973, Plummer accepted a position in the Physics Department at the University of Pennsylvania where his work mainly focused on angle-resolved photoemission, momentum-resolved inelastic electron scattering and nonlinear optical response from surfaces. In 1988, he was appointed the William Smith Professor of Physics and in 1990 became the director of the NSF-funded Materials Research Laboratory (Laboratory for Research on Structure of Matter).

In January 1993, Plummer moved to his present joint position at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. His research interests have shifted to the study on an atomic scale of phase transitions in reduced dimensionality and surfaces of highly correlated electron systems such as transition-metal oxides. His primary research tool has been variable-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. In 2000, Plummer became the Director of the Tennessee Advanced Materials Laboratory, a state-funded Center of Excellence.

Plummer has served on many national and international committees both to review existing scientific programs and to identify future directions for science and technology. Recent examples include: Chair of DOE-sponsored Workshop on "Soft X-Ray Science in the Next Millennium: The Future of Photon-In/Photon-Out Experiments, Pikeville, Tennessee, March 15–18, 2000, and Chair of DOE-BESAC (Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee) subpanel for the evaluation of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) at Argonne National Laboratory and the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center. He also recently became a member of the DOE-Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, 2001–2004.

He is author of more than 300 refereed papers and is included in the list of the 1,000 Most Cited Physicists, a list compiled by the Institute for Scientific Information which is based on papers published between 1981 and 1997. But what Plummer is proudest of in his long and distinguished career is the mentoring of promising young scientists. To date, this includes advising or co-advising Ph.D. theses of 40 graduate students, hosting ~25 postdoctoral fellows, and assisting many young scientists in advancing their careers.

3. Awards and Honors

  • 1968 Wayne B. Nottingham Prize
  • 1983, Davisson-Germer Prize in Atomic or Surface Physics by the American Physical Society for "---the innovative application of electron spectroscopies."
  • 1986 Guggenheim Fellowship
  • 2001, Medard W. Welch Award by the American Vacuum Society The citation reads, "For the development of novel instrumentation, its use to illuminate new concepts in the surface physics of metals, and the mentoring of promising young scientists."
  • 2006 - Elected to National Academy of Science

4. Academic Genealogy

Ward Plummer was a student of Thor Rhodin...

  • Thor Rhodin was a student of Hugh Scott Taylor.
    • Taylor was a student of Frederick George Donnan and Henry Bassett.
      • Donnan was trained by Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald.
        • Ostwald's adviser was Schmidt, Carl,
          • who was a student of Justus von Liebig.
      • Bassett's was trained by Adolf von Baeyer and Victor Villiger.
        • Baeyer was a student of Robert Bunsen and Friedrich August Kekulé.
          • Bunsen was a student of Friedrich Stromeyer.
          • Kekulé was a student of Heinrich Will.

5. Selected publications

  • Plummer, E. W.; Eberhardt, W., Angle-resolved photoemission as a tool for th study of surfaces, Advances in Chemical PHysics, 49: 533-656 1982
  • Gadzuk, J. W., Plummer, E. W. Field-emission energy-distribution (FEED), Reviews of Modern Physics, 45 (3)487-548 1973
  • Eberhardt, W; Plummer, E. W., Angle-resolved photoemission determination of the band-structure and multielectron excitations in Ni, Physical Review B, 21 (8): 3245-3255 1980
  • Allyn, C. L., Gustafsson, T., Plummer E. W., Orientation of Co adsorbed on Ni(100), Chemical Physics Letters, 47 (1): 127-132 1977
  • PLUMMER, EW; GUSTAFSSON, T; GUDAT, W; EASTMAN, Delaware, PARTIAL PHOTOIONIZATION CROSS-SECTIONS OF N2 AND CO USING SYNCHROTRON RADIATION PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 15 (6): 2339–2355 1977
  • EBERHARDT, W; GREUTER, F; PLUMMER, EW, BONDING OF H TO NI, PD, AND PT SURFACES, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 46 (16): 1085–1088 1981
  • PLUMMER, EW; SALANECK, WR; MILLER, JS, PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTRA OF TRANSITION-METAL CARBONYL-COMPLEXES - COMPARISON WITH SPECTRA OF ADSORBED CO, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 18 (4): 1673–1701 1978
  • CHEN, Connecticut; TJENG, LH; RUDOLF, P; MEIGS, G; ROWE, JE; CHEN, J; MCCAULEY, JP; SMITH, AB; MCGHIE, Arkansas; ROMANOW, WJ; PLUMMER, EW, ELECTRONIC STATES AND PHASES OF KXC60 FROM PHOTOEMISSION AND X-RAY ABSORPTION-SPECTROSCOPY, NATURE, 352 (6336): 603-605 AUG 15 1991
  • Carpinelli, JM; Weitering, HH; Plummer, EW; Stumpf, R, Direct observation of a surface charge density wave, NATURE, 381 (6581): 398-400 MAY 30 1996
  • HO, W; WILLIS, RF; PLUMMER, EW, OBSERVATION OF NONDIPOLE ELECTRON-IMPACT VIBRATIONAL EXCITATIONS - H ON W(100), PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 40 (22): 1463–1466 1978
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Name: Ward Plummer
Born: Oct 1940
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Affiliation: Louisiana State University
Honors: Wayne B. Nottingham Prize Davisson-Germer Prize in Atomic or Surface Physics Medard W. Welch Award
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