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HandWiki. List of Cities by Sunshine Duration. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/32669 (accessed on 21 April 2024).
HandWiki. List of Cities by Sunshine Duration. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/32669. Accessed April 21, 2024.
HandWiki. "List of Cities by Sunshine Duration" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/32669 (accessed April 21, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, November 03). List of Cities by Sunshine Duration. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/32669
HandWiki. "List of Cities by Sunshine Duration." Encyclopedia. Web. 03 November, 2022.
List of Cities by Sunshine Duration
Edit

The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration. Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period. Sunshine duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location. Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period. An important use of sunshine duration data is to characterize the climate of sites, especially of health resorts. This also takes into account the psychological effect of strong solar light on human well-being. It is often used to promote tourist destinations.

well-being sunshine duration insolation

1. Africa

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Africa
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Ivory Coast Gagnoa [1]
Ivory Coast Bouaké [2]
Ivory Coast Abidjan [3]
Ivory Coast Odienné [4]
Ivory Coast Ferké [5]
Benin Cotonou [6]
Benin Parakou [7]
Benin Kandi [8]
Togo Lomé [9]
Togo Mango [10]
Ghana Accra [11]
Ghana Tamale [12]
Ghana Kumasi [13]
Cameroon Garoua [14]
Cameroon N'Gaoundéré [15]
Cameroon Douala [16]
Cameroon Yaoundé [17]
Gabon Libreville [18]
Gabon Port-Gentil [19]
Nigeria Lagos [20]
Nigeria Makurdi [21]
Nigeria Jos [21]
Nigeria Kano [21]
Nigeria Sokoto [21]
Sudan Port Sudan [22]
Sudan Khartoum [23]
Eritrea Asmara [24]
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou [25]
Burkina Faso Ouahigouya [26]
Niger Niamey [27]
Chad N'Djamena [28]
Chad Abéché [29]
Gambia Banjul [30]
Senegal Dakar [31]
Senegal Thiès [32]
Somalia Mogadishu [33]
Somalia Buloburde [34]
Djibouti Djibouti City [35]
Mali Ségou [36]
Mali Timbuktu [37]
Mali Bamako [38]
Algeria Algiers [39]
Algeria Tamanrasset [40]
Tunisia Tunis [41]
Tunisia Gabes [42]
Morocco Rabat [43]
Morocco Marrakech [44]
Morocco Ouarzazate [45]
Egypt Cairo [46]
Egypt Alexandria [46]
Egypt Helwan [46]
Libya Tripoli [47]
Libya Benghazi [48]
Kenya Mombasa [49]
Kenya Nairobi [50]
Kenya Garissa [51]
Kenya Lodwar [34]
Angola Luanda [21]
South Sudan Juba [46]
South Sudan Wau [46]
Tanzania Dar-es-Salaam [21]
Tanzania Zanzibar [52]
Tanzania Tabora [52]
Tanzania Dodoma [53]
Ethiopia Mekelle [54]
Ethiopia Addis Abeba [46]
Congo Brazaville [55]
Congo Pointe-Noire [56]
Congo Dolisie [57]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa [58]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Lubumbashi [21]
Mauritania Nouadhibou [59]
Mauritania Nouakchott [60]
South Africa Pretoria [61]
South Africa Cape Town [62]
South Africa Johannesburg [63]
South Africa Bloemfontein [64]
South Africa Upington [65]
South Africa Durban [66]
Botswana Maun [21]
Botswana Gaborone [67]
Botswana Ghanzi [21]
Zambia Ndola [68]
Zambia Lusaka [69]
Zambia Livingstone [70]
Zimbabwe Harare [71]
Zimbabwe Bulawayo [72]
Malawi Karonga [73]
Malawi Blantyre [74]
Malawi Mzuzu [75]
Madagascar Fianarantsoa [76]
Madagascar Toamasina [77]
Madagascar Antananarivo [78]
Madagascar Antsiranana [79]
Madagascar Mahajanga [80]
Madagascar Toliara [21]
Mozambique Maputo [81]
Central African Republic Bangui [82]
Central African Republic Birao [83]
Uganda Kampala [52]
Uganda Kampala [52]
Uganda Entebbe [21]
Burundi Bujumbura [84]
Guinea Conakry [85]
Guinea Kankan [86]
Guinea-Bissau Bissau [87]
Equatorial Guinea Bata [88]
Equatorial Guinea Malabo [89]
Egypt Marsa Alam ?
Egypt Kharga ?
Egypt Dakhla Oasis ?
Namibia Keetmanshoop ?
Namibia Windhoek ?

2. Asia

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Asia
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Afghanistan Kabul ?
Azerbaijan Baku ?
Bangladesh Dhaka ?
China Beijing ?
China Chongqing ?
China Lhasa [90]
China Shanghai ?
China Ürümqi [91]
Hong Kong Hong Kong ?
India Delhi [92]
India Kolkata [93]
India Mumbai [94]
Indonesia Jakarta [95]
Iran Tehran [96]
Iraq Baghdad ?
Israel Tel Aviv ?
Japan Sapporo [97]
Japan Tokyo ?
Kazakhstan Almaty [98]
Kazakhstan Astana [99]
Macau Macau ?
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar [100]
North Korea Pyongyang ?
Oman Muscat [101]
Pakistan Karachi ?
Pakistan Lahore ?
Philippines Manila ?
Russia Dikson [102]
Russia Irkutsk [103]
Russia Omsk [104]
Russia Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
[105]
Russia Vladivostok [106]
Russia Yakutsk [107]
Saudi Arabia Abha [108]
Saudi Arabia Riyadh [109]
Singapore Singapore ?
South Korea Busan ?
South Korea Seoul ?
Taiwan Kaohsiung ?
Taiwan Taichung ?
Taiwan Taipei ?
Thailand Bangkok ?
Turkey Ankara ?
United Arab
Emirates
Dubai ?
Uzbekistan Tashkent [110]
Vietnam Hanoi ?

3. Europe

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Europe
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Austria Vienna [111]
Belgium Brussels [112]
Bulgaria Sofia [113]
Croatia Zagreb [114]
Czech Republic Prague [115]
Cyprus Nicosia [116]
Denmark Copenhagen [117]
Faroe Islands Tórshavn [118]
Finland Helsinki [119]
France Marseille [120]
France Paris [121]
Germany Berlin [122]
Germany Frankfurt [122]
Greece Athens [123]
Hungary Budapest [124]
Iceland Reykjavik [125]
Ireland Dublin [126]
Italy Milan [127]
Italy Rome [128]
Malta Malta [129]
Netherlands Amsterdam [130]
Norway Oslo [131]
Poland Warsaw [132]
Portugal Lisbon [133]
Romania Bucharest [134]
Russia Moscow [135]
Russia Sochi [136]
Serbia Belgrade [137]
Spain Barcelona [138]
Spain Madrid [138]
Sweden Gothenburg [139]
Sweden Stockholm [140]
Switzerland Zurich [141]
Turkey Istanbul [142]
Ukraine Kiev [143]
United Kingdom Edinburgh [144]
United Kingdom London [145]

4. North and Central America

Sunshine hours for selected cities in North America and Central America
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Canada Calgary [146]
Canada Churchill [147]
Canada Edmonton [148]
Canada Iqaluit [149]
Canada Montreal [150]
Canada Toronto [151]
Canada Vancouver [152]
Canada Whitehorse [153]
Canada Winnipeg [154]
Honduras La Ceiba [155]
Mexico La Paz [156]
Mexico Mexico City [157]
Mexico Monterrey [158]
Mexico Villahermosa [159]
Nicaragua Managua [160]
Panama Panama City [161]
Puerto Rico San Juan [162]
El Salvador San Salvador [163]
Saint Pierre
and Miquelon
Saint-Pierre [164]
United States Albuquerque ?
United States Anchorage ?
United States Atlanta ?
United States Austin ?
United States Baltimore ?
United States Boise ?
United States Boston ?
United States Charlotte ?
United States Chicago ?
United States Cleveland ?
United States Columbus ?
United States Dallas ?
United States Denver ?
United States Detroit ?
United States El Paso ?
United States Fresno ?
United States Honolulu ?
United States Houston ?
United States Indianapolis ?
United States Jacksonville ?
United States Kansas City ?
United States Las Vegas ?
United States Los Angeles ?
United States Louisville ?
United States Memphis ?
United States Miami ?
United States Milwaukee ?
United States Minneapolis ?
United States Nashville ?
United States New Orleans ?
United States New York City ?
United States Oklahoma
City
?
United States Omaha ?
United States Philadelphia ?
United States Phoenix ?
United States Pittsburgh ?
United States Portland (OR) ?
United States Raleigh ?
United States Richmond (VA) ?
United States Sacramento ?
United States Salt Lake City ?
United States San Antonio ?
United States San Diego ?
United States San Francisco ?
United States Seattle ?
United States St. Louis ?
United States Tampa ?
United States Tucson ?
United States Tulsa ?
United States Virginia Beach ?
United States Washington,
D.C.
?
United States Wichita ?
United States Yuma [165]

5. South America

Sunshine hours for selected cities in South America
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Argentina Buenos Aires ?
Argentina Ushuaia ?
Argentina Mendoza ?
Argentina La Plata [166]
Bolivia La Paz ?
Brazil São Paulo ?
Brazil Brasília ?
Brazil Rio de Janeiro ?
Brazil Fortaleza ?
Brazil Manaus ?
Brazil Curitiba ?
Colombia Bogotá ?
Colombia Barranquilla ?
Colombia Medellín [167]
Colombia Cali [168]
Colombia Buenaventura [169]
Colombia Totoró [170]
Chile Santiago ?
Chile Antofagasta ?
Chile Valdivia ?
Chile Puerto Montt [171]
Chile Calama [172]
Ecuador Quito ?
Ecuador Guayaquil ?
Falkland Islands Stanley ?
French Guiana Cayenne ?
Paraguay Asunción ?
Peru Arequipa ?
Peru Lima ?
Peru Iquitos [173]
Uruguay Montevideo ?
Venezuela Caracas ?
Venezuela Maracaibo ?

6. Oceania

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Oceania
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Australia Adelaide ?
Australia Brisbane ?
Australia Canberra ?
Australia Darwin ?
Australia Hobart ?
Australia Melbourne ?
Australia Perth ?
Australia Sydney ?
New Zealand Auckland ?
New Zealand Christchurch ?
New Zealand Wellington ?

References

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