Ankle problems are very common symptoms which include pain or any discomfort happened in the ankles. Mild ankle pain often could be healed by home treatments though it takes certain time to cure. Specialized physicians are needed when severe ankle pain happens, especially it is kind of injury.
The ankle joint is the meeting of leg bones and foot, and controls up and down motion of foot. The composition of ankle often considered to be the ankle joint plus the surrounding anatomic region, including the lower end of the leg and the start of the foot flat part. The ankle pain could result from inflammation or injury to any regions in ankle structures, including the joint space, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Ankle pain can be associated with other symptoms including:
Which, tenderness, painful, hard to move, walk or withstand weight, stiffness and selling is the specialized symptoms of Osteoarthritis.
It is one of the most normal causes of ankle pain, consisting of about 85 percent of total ankle problems, according to the National University of Health Sciences (NUHS), which occurs when the ankle is twisted, leading to the ligaments overstretched, or even get torn in the worst situation. Most ankle sprains are lateral sprains that can occur when your feet roll, causing your lateral ankles to twist to the ground. Small blood vessels also will tear and cause swollen ankle. The action damages the ligaments, which is a short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissues holding the bones together. Ankle rolling could also hurt cartilage or tendons. Sprained ankle usually swells and bruises for approximately one week or two, while serious injuries can take several months to fully heal.
Most ankle sprains are lateral sprains that can occur when your feet roll, causing your lateral ankles to twist to the ground. This action stretches or tears the ligament.
Among 10 people with severe ankle sprains, about 1 to 2 have long-term (long-term) instability of the ankle.
The sprained ankle is sometimes permanently weakened and more unstable than normal ankles once healed. The biggest risk factor for an ankle sprain is the previous ankle sprain according to a review published by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).
Gout happens in the body when uric acid (which is a by-product from old cells normal breakdown), builds up to a higher-than-normal concentration level. depositing crystals in the joints and causing sharp pain.
Other conditions include pseudogout, which results from calcium deposits building up in the joints.
The symptoms of gout often include pain, redness and swelling.
Arthritis is the joints inflammation, which swells in and around the joints of the body and surrounding soft tissues. Inflammation can cause pain and stiffness and is one of the common reasons causing ankle problems.
In many types of arthritis, progressive joint degeneration in the joint occurs and smooth "buffered" cartilage is gradually lost, causing the bones rub against each other and wear, as well as the soft joint tissue. Arthritis could be unbearably painful and ultimately leads to limited movement, seriously loss of joint function, or deformity of affected joints.
There are my types of arthritis, while osteoarthritis is very common cause of ankle pain, which is caused by tear and wear, causing pain, swelling and deformity. It usually develops in the old people, the probability of osteoarthritis develops as the age increases.
Each foot has 28 bones and more than 30 joints. The following are the most common foot joints for osteoarthritis:
rheumatoid arthritis is also one of the causes.
One of the most common causes of pain in the foot or ankle. The muscles of the legs, feet and ankles are fixed to the bones by tendons, which are strong rope-like structures. Tendinitis is inflammation around the tendon. You will have pain in the activity, it usually rests and can only return again.
Common ankle and foot tendonitis include Achilles tendonitis, posterior tibial tendonitis, peroneal tendinosis, flexor tendonitis, and extensor tendonitis. Self-care measures usually heal these injuries in a few weeks
Septic arthritis is a type of arthritis causing by the bacterial or fungal infection around the areas of ankles.
Injuries could cause ankle problems, for example, tripping or going over on the ankle.
Diagnosis of ankle problems(especially of osteoarthritis) might involve:
For immediate home caring of ankle pain, we recommend the RICE method. Which include at the following:
Avoid applying too much weight on the ankles. Try moving as little as possible when ankle pain just happen. If have to move or walk, use a cane or crutches.
Firstly, put a bag of ice on the ankle to chill, for at least 20 minutes and freeze for 90 minutes. Do it 3 to 5 times one day for totally 3 days after injury happened, which helps to reduce swelling and numbness.
Use elastic bandages to wrap the hurt area, such as an ACE bandage. Do not wrap it too tightly to prevent the ankles from becoming numb or the toes turning blue.
Lift the ankle as far as possible to a pillow or other type of support structure above the heart level.
You can take over-the-counter medications, for example, acetaminophen or ibuprofen to cure pain and swollen ankle.
These exercises will make you feel painless, strong and flexible, restore your range of motion, helping exercise the ankles and reduce the risk of re-injury.
If your ankle problem is resulting from arthritis, you will not be able to thoroughly eliminate and cure the pain, while there are some approaches to relieve it:
More than one type of surgery may be needed to treat ankle problems, especially to osteoarthritis. Your doctor can choose the type of surgery that works best for you, depending on your level of arthritis. Here are some surgical options for foot and ankle osteoarthritis:
This type of surgery, also known as arthrodesis, involves the use of rods, needles, screws or plates to fuse the bones together. After healing, the bones remain fused together.
This type of surgery involves replacing the ankle joint with an artificial implant and is used only in rare cases.