Submitted Successfully!
Check Note
2000/2000
Ver. Summary Created by Modification Content Size Created at Operation
1 handwiki -- 3311 2022-10-31 01:40:40
Individual and Political Action on Climate Change

Individual and political action on climate change can take many forms. Many actions aim to build social and political support to limit, and subsequently reduce, the concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, with the goal of mitigating climate change. Other actions seek to address the ethical and moral aspects of climate justice, especially with regard to the anticipated unequal impacts of climate change adaptation.

climate change political action political support
Information
Subjects:
Contributor :
View Times: 18
Entry Collection:
Revision: 1 time (View History)
Update Time: 31 Oct 2022

## 1. Political Action

Political action can change laws and regulations that relate to climate change.

Carbon pricing methods, such as a carbon tax or an emissions trading system, are favored by many economists as the most efficient and effective means to reduce GHG emissions, and are increasingly being deployed around the world.[1] In the U.S., groups such as the bipartisan legislative Climate Solutions Caucus[2] and the Citizens' Climate Lobby work to build support for carbon pricing. The first bipartisan climate policy in 10 years was introduced in the United States House of Representatives in 2018 as the Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividends Act.[3]

Pictured above is a protest in the streets of Paris against climate change. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1133803

Regulations can strengthen GHG emission standards from particular sectors of the economy, such as the EPA's proposed Clean Power Plan for United States power plants, or vehicle standards in Europe and the United States.

Political action can also gain media and public attention to climate change. Political action from the community, however, is often challenged by interests within the fossil-fuel industry,[4][5] which have been charged with promoting climate change denial views[6] in order to hold off a "carbon bubble" valuation crash.

There are many forms of political action on climate change including letter writing, direct lobbying, and public shaming of politicians and media organizations. Political action campaigns require building a base of support at local level.

There are many facts that point to the existence of climate change. The plentiful hurricanes, droughts, and fires are all in part due to the ever changing atmosphere caused by climate change. One of the ways in which the human race can get in front of this change is through political action.[7] Legislative action is one strategy that politicians are using to combat carbon emissions. The way these laws will come about is via political action. Carbon emissions are a significant causing factor for climate change and by putting federal regulations such as a carbon tax there will overall be a decrease in carbon emissions. This allows the private sector to decide how to do so cost effectively which in turn benefits the environment.[8] The private sector is one deciding factor in how governments enact their policies. In the case of climate change an action that needs to be taken is one that influences them rather than the other way around.

### 1.1. Activist Movements

Political figures have a vested interest in remaining on the good side of the public. This is because in democratic countries the public are the ones electing these government officials. Thus keeping up with protests is a way they can ensure they have the public's wants in mind.[9] Climate change is a prevalent issue in society. Some believe that solutions to it can be increased by actions taken by individuals and communities. Through conservation, policy change, and innovation the public can make a positive change to decrease the emission of fossil fuels and put a gradual end to climate change. There are many organizations that have formed in order to bring light to this large issue.[10]

The Earth Day Network is an organization on a mission to put an end to climate change. Their goal is education, expansion, and activation of an environmentally conscious movement worldwide to bring more attention to this significant issue. Over one billion people participate in Earth day activities and with an uptick in these movements the people can begin to make a difference.[11]

Placard "Change the administration, not the climate", at the People's Climate March (2017). https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1317019

The climate movement has emerged in recent years, given there is an increased awareness of the importance of global warming as a factor in a range of issues. Many environmental, economic, and social issues find common ground in mitigation of global warming.[12][13]

To raise awareness of climate issues, a global climate strike took place for a week in late September 2019: countries around the world showed unity within their communities as people rallied together in groups- demanding action to take place for a better future and swarming the streets of cities to march and voice their dissatisfaction with the environment they currently live in.[14]

A number of groups from around the world have come together to work on the issue of global warming. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from diverse fields of work have united on this issue. A coalition of 50 NGOs called Stop Climate Chaos launched in Britain in 2005 to highlight the issue of climate change.

The Campaign against Climate Change was created to focus purely on the issue of climate change and to pressure governments into action by building a protest movement of sufficient magnitude to effect political change.

Critical Mass is an event typically held on the last Friday of every month in various cities around the world wherein bicyclists and, less frequently, unicyclists, skateboarders, inline skaters, roller skaters and other self-propelled commuters take to the streets en masse. While the ride was founded in San Francisco, California with the idea of drawing attention to how unfriendly the city was to bicyclists, the leaderless structure of Critical Mass makes it impossible to assign it any one specific goal. In fact, the purpose of Critical Mass is not formalized beyond the direct action of meeting at a set location and time and traveling as a group through city or town streets.

One of the elements of the Occupy movement is global warming action.

### 3.5. Ghent, Belgium

The city promotes a meat-free day on Thursdays called Veggiedag,[38][39] with vegetarian-only food in public canteens for civil servants and elected councillors, soon in all schools, and promotion of vegetarian eating options in town (through the distribution of "veggie street maps"). This campaign is linked to the recognition of the detrimental environmental effects of meat production, which the United Nations ' Food and Agriculture Organization has established to represent nearly one-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions.

### 3.6. United Kingdom

The town of Totnes in Devon through its "Transition Town Totnes" Project has adopted an Energy Descent Plan, as a response in answer to the twin problems of greenhouse gas emissions and peak oil. As a result of a series of large, well attended public gatherings with key experts from around the world, and the organisation of a number of special interest groups, the community has come together with lecturers and trainers shared with Schumacher College, through a process of participative strategic planning, to hone their skills in project development. As a result of the initiatives in Totnes, a large number of other communities have started "Transition Town" projects, and there are now more than 400 around the world,[40] ranging from small communities to whole cities (e.g. Berlin).

The concepts of including food miles or carbon neutral labels on packaging has been gaining interest in the UK.[41]

## 4. Individual Action

Studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals have posited that the most significant way for individuals to reduce their own ecological footprint is to have fewer children, followed by traveling without a vehicle, forgoing air travel and adopting a largely plant-based diet.[42][43] According to another study if the wealthiest 10% of people in the world (net weatlh over about 100 thousand USD[44]) cut their emissions to the level of the average EU citizen that would cut total emissions by a third.[45]

### 4.1. Carbon Conversations

The Carbon Conversations is a psychosocial project that focuses on the agency of individuals to encourage personal action to reduce carbon emissions. The project touches on five main topics: i) home energy; ii) food; iii) travel; iv) consumption and waste; and v) talking with family and friends. The project understands that individuals often fail to adopt low-carbon lifestyles not because of practical barriers to change (e.g.: there is no renewable energy available), but because of aspects related to their values, emotions, and identity. The project offers a supportive group experience that helps people reduce their personal carbon dioxide emissions by 1 tonne CO
2
on average and aim at halving it in the long term. They deal with the difficulties of change by connecting to values, emotions and identity. The groups are based on a psychosocial understanding of how people change. Groups of 6-8 members meet six or twelve times with trained facilitators in homes, community centres, workplaces or other venues. The meetings create a non-judgmental atmosphere where people are encouraged to make serious lifestyle changes.

Carbon Conversations was cited in The Guardian newspaper as one of the 20 best ideas to tackle climate change.[46]

### 4.2. Energy Usage

On the global scale, the utilization of energy speaks to a wide margin of people. The biggest wellspring of greenhouse gas emissions are from human activities. Around 66% of worldwide greenhouse gas emissions are connected to consuming fossil fuels for energy to utilize for warming, power, transport and industry. In Europe, as well, energy processes are the biggest producer of greenhouse gases, 78% of total EU emissions in 2015.[47]

Vegetables on sale. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1344759

### 4.3. Consumers and Diet

The 2019 World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency, endorsed by over 11,000 scientists from more than 150 countries, stated that "eating mostly plant-based foods while reducing the global consumption of animal products, especially ruminant livestock, can improve human health and significantly lower GHG emissions."[48]

### References

1. The World Bank (October 2016). "State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2016". https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/25160.
2. Picard, Joe (2016-03-24). "Creating a bipartisan climate to discuss climate change in Congress". TheHill. http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/energy-environment/274061-creating-a-bipartisan-climate-to-discuss-climate.
3. "Is the Green New Deal the only way forward?" (in en). 2018-12-10. https://grist.org/article/green-new-deal-alexandria-ocasio-cortez-bipartisan-carbon-tax/.
4. Hamilton, Clive (2007), "Scorcher: The Dirty Politics of Climate Change"
5. Paul Ehrlich "Betrayal of Science and Reason: How Anti-Environmental Rhetoric Threatens Our Future" ISBN:978-1-55963-484-7
6. "Exxon's Own Research Confirmed Fossil Fuels' Role in Global Warming Decades Ago | InsideClimate News". https://insideclimatenews.org/news/15092015/Exxons-own-research-confirmed-fossil-fuels-role-in-global-warming.
7. "Climate Change" (in en-US). https://www.asyousow.org/our-work/energy/climate-change.
8. "Federal Action on Climate". 2017-10-21. https://www.c2es.org/content/federal-action-on-climate/.
9. Ruud Woutersa, Stefaan Walgrave (2017). "Demonstrating Power: How Protest Persuades Political Representatives". American Sociological Review. http://www.asanet.org/sites/default/files/attach/journals/apr17asrfeature.pdf.
10. "Act on Climate Change" (in en-US). https://www.climategen.org/take-action/act-climate-change/.
12. "Sustainable Development: Linking economy, society, environment". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd.org/insights/sustainabledevelopmentlinkingeconomysocietyenvironment.htm.
14. "Global Climate Strike → A Historic Week" (in en-US). https://globalclimatestrike.net/.
15. "The Case for Fossil-Fuel Divestment". Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-case-for-fossil-fuel-divestment-20130222.
16. "Commitments". Fossil Free. http://gofossilfree.org/commitments/.
17. Carrington, Damian (2016-12-12). "Fossil fuel divestment funds double to \$5tn in a year". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/dec/12/fossil-fuel-divestment-funds-double-5tn-in-a-year.
18. Schloredt, Valerie (January 21, 2016). "How to Stop an Oil Train: The Hearts-and-Minds Climate Defense That Won Over a Courtroom". Yes!. http://www.yesmagazine.org/planet/how-to-stop-an-oil-train-20160121. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
19. Goodman, Amy (January 11, 2016). "Historic Trial Lets Activists Who Blocked Oil Train Cite Climate Change Threat in Their Defense". Democracy Now! (Pacifica Radio). http://www.democracynow.org/2016/1/11/historic_trial_lets_activists_who_blocked. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
20. Goodman, Amy (January 26, 2016). "Act Now, Cry Later: Tim DeChristopher, Aria Doe & Josh Fox on Civil Disobedience & Climate Activism". Democracy Now! (Pacifica Radio). http://www.democracynow.org/2016/1/26/act_now_cry_later_tim_dechristopher. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
21. "Trial for Climate Activists Protesting "Bomb Trains" Carrying Oil Makes Legal History". Climate Science and Policy Watch. January 28, 2016. http://www.climatesciencewatch.org/2016/01/28/shifting-attitudes-toward-climate-activists-call-attention-to-important-questions-are-their-actions-part-of-the-problem-or-part-of-the-solution-to-the-problem-of-g/. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
22. Marcum, Marla. "Exciting News from West Roxbury". http://www.climatedisobedience.org/exciting_news_from_west_roxbury. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
23. "The Paris Agreement". https://unfccc.int/process-and-meetings/the-paris-agreement/the-paris-agreement.
24. Gippner, Olivia (2014). "Framing It Right: China–EU Relations and Patterns of Interaction on Climate Change". Chinese Journal of Urban and Environmental Studies 02: 1450003. doi:10.1142/S2345748114500031.  https://dx.doi.org/10.1142%2FS2345748114500031
25. "EU to conclude ratification for second Kyoto Protocol commitment period by end of this year". https://ec.europa.eu/clima/news/eu-conclude-ratification-second-kyoto-protocol-commitment-period-end-year_en.
26. von Stein, Jana (April 2008). "The International Law and Politics of Climate Change". Journal of Conflict Resolution 52 (2): 243–268. doi:10.1177/0022002707313692. ISSN 0022-0027. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0022002707313692.
27. "CarbonSense". https://www.carbonsense.com/.
28. Meyer, Aubrey (2000), "Contraction and Convergence:The Global Solution to Climate Change" Schumacher Briefings 5, published by Green Books on behalf of the Schumacher Society
29. "Climate Change and International Relations". April 11, 2016. https://www.e-ir.info/2016/04/11/climate-change-and-international-relations/.
30. Engel, Kirsten and Barak Orbach (2008). Micro-Motives for State and Local Climate Change Initiatives. Harvard Law & Policy Review, Vol. 2, pp. 119-137.
31. "Odisha first state to have ‘climate, nutrition budgets’ - OrissaPOST". Odisha News, Odisha Latest news, Odisha Daily - OrissaPOST. 18 February 2020. https://www.orissapost.com/odisha-first-state-to-have-climate-nutrition-budgets/.
32. "Odisha Becomes First State To Introduce Climate Budget". 18 February 2020. https://odishatv.in/odisha/odisha-becomes-first-state-to-introduce-climate-budget-435611.
33. BhubaneswarFebruary 19, Mohammad Suffian; February 19, Mohammad Suffian; Ist, Mohammad Suffian. "Odisha govt presents Rs 1.5 lakh crore budget for FY21" (in en). https://www.indiatoday.in/business/story/odisha-govt-presents-lakh-crore-budget-fy21-1647755-2020-02-19.
34. "What Makes The Columbia River Basin Unique And How We Benefit | FWEE". https://fwee.org/environment/what-makes-the-columbia-river-basin-unique-and-how-we-benefit/.
35. Payne, Jeffrey T.; Wood, Andrew W.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Palmer, Richard N.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (2004-01-01). "Mitigating the Effects of Climate Change on the Water Resources of the Columbia River Basin" (in en). Climatic Change 62 (1): 233–256. doi:10.1023/B:CLIM.0000013694.18154.d6. ISSN 1573-1480.  https://dx.doi.org/10.1023%2FB%3ACLIM.0000013694.18154.d6
37. "Pioneering Carbon-Cutting Program Turns 10: What Now, RGGI?". NRDC. https://www.nrdc.org/experts/jackson-morris/pioneering-carbon-cutting-program-turns-10-what-now-rggi.
38. "Ghent's veggie day: for English speaking visitors" on Vegetarisme.be http://www.vegetarisme.be/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=767
39. "Belgian city plans 'veggie' days" on BBC News (2009-05-12). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8046970.stm
40. "Transition Initiatives Directory". http://www.transitionnetwork.org/initiatives. Retrieved 30 Dec 2011.
41. "Taking a Practical Approach to 'Green' Living". https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10000217.
42. Perkins, Sid (July 11, 2017). "The best way to reduce your carbon footprint is one the government isn't telling you about". Science. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/best-way-reduce-your-carbon-footprint-one-government-isn-t-telling-you-about.
43. Ripple, William J. (13 November 2017), "World Scientists' Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice", BioScience 67 (12): 1026–1028, doi:10.1093/biosci/bix125, http://scientistswarning.forestry.oregonstate.edu/sites/sw/files/Warning_article_with_supp_11-13-17.pdf, "It is also time to re-examine and change our individual behaviors, including limiting our own reproduction (ideally to replacement level at most) and drastically diminishing our per capita consumption of fossil fuels, meat, and other resources."
44. Elkins, Kathleen (2018-11-07). "How much money you need to be among the richest 10 percent of people worldwide" (in en). https://www.cnbc.com/2018/11/07/how-much-money-you-need-to-be-in-the-richest-10-percent-worldwide.html.
46. Katz, Ian (2009). Twenty Ideas That Could Save the World https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2009/jul/13/manchester-report-climate-change
47. (in en) Energy and climate change. https://www.eea.europa.eu/signals/signals-2017/articles/energy-and-climate-change.
48. Ripple, William J.; Wolf, Christopher; Newsome, Thomas M; Barnard, Phoebe; Moomaw, William R (November 5, 2019). "World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency". BioScience. doi:10.1093/biosci/biz088. https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/advance-article/doi/10.1093/biosci/biz088/5610806.
More
Information
Subjects:
Contributor MDPI registered users' name will be linked to their SciProfiles pages. To register with us, please refer to https://encyclopedia.pub/register :
View Times: 18
Entry Collection:
Revision: 1 time (View History)
Update Time: 31 Oct 2022
1000/1000

# Confirm

Are you sure to Delete?