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Xu, H. 2020 in Politics and Government. Encyclopedia. Available online: (accessed on 28 November 2023).
Xu H. 2020 in Politics and Government. Encyclopedia. Available at: Accessed November 28, 2023.
Xu, Handwiki. "2020 in Politics and Government" Encyclopedia, (accessed November 28, 2023).
Xu, H.(2022, October 30). 2020 in Politics and Government. In Encyclopedia.
Xu, Handwiki. "2020 in Politics and Government." Encyclopedia. Web. 30 October, 2022.
2020 in Politics and Government

Events pertaining to world affairs in 2020, national politics, public policy, government, world economics, and international business, that took place in various nations, regions, organizations, around the world in 2020.

international politics policy

1. Events

1.1. January

  • January 1
    • All works published in 1924, except for some sound recordings, are now in the public domain in the United States. This is the first release of material to the public domain since 1978.[1]
    • Crowds of protesters breach the US embassy compound in Baghdad, Iraq, and then withdrew after US Marines fired tear gas. The unrest occurred in response to US airstrikes on pro-Iranian militias in Iraq. [2] [3]
    • Recreational marijuana becomes legal in Illinois, United States.[4]
    • State laws on bail, the gig economy, minimum wages, data privacy, and red flag gun control take effect in several U.S. states, including California, New York, Colorado, Nevada, and Hawaii.[5]
    • Several new federal regulations take effect in the USA as of this date, including new regulations on retirement funds, minimum wage rules, and overtime rules.[6]
  • January 2
    • The government of New South Wales, Australia, declares a State of emergency to take effect January 3 as bushfires rage, threatening human lives and property as well as wiping out as many as 500 million animals.[7]
    • 750 US troops prepare to be deployed to Iraq to defend US Embassy in Baghdad.[8]
    • Turkey reports a new refugee influx and possible crisis, as 250,000 Syrians flee Syria for Turkey, due to Syrian government attacks on rebel groups around Idlib.[9]
    • Zoran Zaev, the prime minister of North Macedonia, resigns. Oliver Spasovski is interim prime minister until a new government can be organized after the April 12 election.[10]
    • A female-majority Cabinet is sworn in for the first time in Austria. It is also the first time The Greens – The Green Alternative forms part of the ruling coalition, in alliance with the conservative Austrian People's Party.[11]
  • January 3
    • 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis: President Donald Trump approves the targeted killing of notorious Iranian general Qasem Soleimani and Iraqi paramilitary leader Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis in Baghdad, Iraq. Fears of a conflict between Iran and the U.S. results in World War III trending on Twitter.[12]
    • Spain’s electoral commission prohibits Catalan president Quim Torra from serving in the regional parliament.[13]
  • January 4 – An airstrike against the military academy south of Tripoli, Libya, kills 16 and wounds 37.[14]
  • January 5 – Former Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic defeats President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović with 53% of the vote in the 2020 Croatian Presidential Election.[15]
  • January 6
    • Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison acknowledges that climate change plays a role in Australia's bushfires, in a reversal of his previous stance.[16]
    • US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announces she will introduce a resolution to limit President Trump's ability to take actions against Iran.[17]
    • At a meeting of the Lima Group, Argentina and Mexico abstain from supporting Juan Guaidó as president of the General Assembly of Venezuela.[18]
  • January 7 – Pedro Sánchez takes office as President of the Government of Spain on a vote of 167 in favor, 165 against, and 18 abstentions.[19]
  • January 8
    • Two U.S. military bases in Iraq are hit with a dozen missiles fired by Iran; no casualties or serious damage reported.[20] U.S. President Donald Trump says Iran "appears to be standing down" after the killing of Qasem Soleimani but announces new sanctions against Iran.[21]
    • As many as 25 Crore (250 million) people join a general strike in India in response to Bharat Bandh labor reforms.[22][23]
  • January 9 – The International Olympic Committee bans political gestures by athletes at the 2020 Summer Olympics.[24]
  • January 10
    • On January 11, 2020, Russia announced that a ceasefire had been agreed to in the area of Idlib and Northwest Syria, between Russia, Syria, Syrian rebels and Turkey. This was due to requests by Turkey for a ceasefire, in order to stop the flood of Syrian refugees into Turkey.[25][26][27] However, some regional news outlets reported that Syria launched further attacks near Idlib, in Maarat al-Numan district and the villages of Maar Shoreen, Talmenes, and Maar Shamshah, even after the ceasefire had officially begun.[28]
  • January 11
    • Taiwanese general election: Progressive Tsai Ing-Wen is reelected with 7.8 million votes (90% of the votes counted).[29]
    • Legislators in Northern Ireland form a government for the first time since the Executive of the 5th Northern Ireland Assembly collapsed in January 2017.[30]
    • Iran takes responsibility for "unintentionally" shooting down Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 that killed 176 people on January 8. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau demands "transparency and justice for the families and loved ones of the victims."[31]
    • British police say it was an "error of judgment" to label 'Extinction Rebellion' a terrorist group.[32]
  • January 12
    • 13,000 participate in a "Run Against Dictatorship" in Bangkok, demanding that Thai prime minister Prayut Chan-o-cha step down.[33]
    • A nuclear alert about Pickering Nuclear Generating Station was erroneously sent to millions in Ontario, Canada.[34]
    • Same-sex couples can legally register for marriage in Northern Ireland.[35]
  • January 14
    • Alejandro Giammattei is inaugurated as President of Guatemala.[36]
    • Japanese Deputy Prime Minister Taro Aso is under fire for describing Japan as a single race and single language country, ignoring 200,000 indigenous Ainu people and 760,000 ethnic Koreans.[37]
    • New Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei takes office after a five-hour delay due to protests. Outgoing president Morales is pelted with eggs.[38]
  • January 15
    • The Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev announces that the entire Russian government will resign. This occurred due to a proposal from Putin for new laws and reforms that would vastly increase his power. [39]
    • U.S. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi names the seven managers of the impeachment team and the House votes to send its impeachment resolutions to the Senate for a trial of President Donald Trump.[40]
    • Filipe Nyusi is sworn in for another term as president of Mozambique while the opposition boycotts the ceremony amidst charges of electoral fraud.[41]
  • January 16
    • Pope Francis names Italian lawyer Francesca Di Giovanni as the under-secretary in the Section for Relations with States, the arm of the Catholic church that handles the foreign relations of the Holy See. She is the first woman appointed to a post at that level.[42]
    • The impeachment of Donald John Trump formally moves into its trial phase in the United States Senate.[43]
    • Guatemala breaks off diplomatic relations with Venezuela[44]
  • January 18
    • French police called for backup as protesters tried to storm a theater where President Emmanuel Macron and his wife were watching The Fly.[45]
    • Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan urges leaders of the European Union to support the government of Libya in peace talks in Berlin.[46] Libyan opposition leader General Khalifa Haftar seeks support in Greece.[47]
    • Violence escalates in Beruit, Lebanon, with 377 protesters and 142 members of security forces injured during nine hours of clashes; 43 people were arrested and later released.[48]

January 20 – Norway ruling coalition falls apart after repatriation of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) bride.[49]

2. Scheduled Events

  • January 26 – 2020 Peruvian parliamentary election.[50]
  • February 9 – 2020 Azerbaijani parliamentary election.[50]
  • February 16 – 2020 Guinean legislative election.[50]
  • February 21 – 2020 Iranian legislative election.[50]
  • April 12 – 2020 North Macedonian parliamentary election.[51]
  • April 26 – Referendum on new constitution in Chile.[52]
  • April (date undefined) – 2020 Serbian parliamentary election.[50]
  • May 7 – United Kingdom local elections.
  • May 17 – Dominican Republic presidential election.
  • May (date undetermined)
    • 2020 Ethiopian general election.[50]
    • 2020 Polish presidential election.[50]
  • July 13 –July 16 – 2020 Democratic National Convention (USA).[53]
  • July 24 – August 9 – The 2020 Summer Olympics will be held in Tokyo, Japan.[54]
  • August 30 – 2020 Belarusian presidential election.[55]
  • September (date undetermined)
    • 2020 Jordanian parliamentary election.[50]
    • 2020 Sri Lankan general election.[50]
    • 2020 Trinidad and Tobago general election.[56]
  • October 4 – 2020 Kyrgyz parliamentary election.[50]
  • October 11 – 2020 Lithuanian parliamentary election.[50]
  • October 20 – The 2020 World Expo will open in Dubai.[57]
  • October 31 – 2020 Ivorian general election.[50]
  • November 3 – United States presidential election.
  • The 2020 G20 Riyadh summit will be the fifteenth meeting of Group of Twenty (G20).[58] It will be held on 21–22 November 2020 in the city of Riyadh, the new future city of Saudi Arabia.[59]
  • November 9 – November 19 – The 2020 United Nations Climate Change Conference will be held in Glasgow, UK.[60]
  • November (date undetermined)
    • 2020 New Zealand general election.[50] (on or before November 21)
  • December 31 – If implemented, the Brexit transition period will expire.

3. History by World Issue

3.1. Climate Change

In December 2019, the World Meteorological Organization released its annual climate report revealing that climate impacts are worsening. [61] They found the global sea temperatures are rising as well as land temperatures worldwide. 2019 is the last year in a decade that is the warmest on record. [62]

Global carbon emissions hit a record high in 2019, even though the rate of increase slowed somewhat, according to a report from Global Carbon Project. [63]

BlackRock global money management firm Chief Executive Larry Fink said in January 2020 that climate change "has become a defining factor in companies' long-term prospects... and I believe we are on the edge of a fundamental reshaping of finance."[64]


  1. Jenkins, Amanda (2019-02-05). "Copyright Breakdown: The Music Modernization Act | Now See Hear!". 
  2. US Baghdad embassy attacked by protesters angry at airstrikes. 31 December 2019.
  3. US embassy attack: Protesters withdraw after standoff in Iraq.
  4. Brenden O'Brien (Dec 24, 2019). "Recreational marijuana becomes legal in Illinois on New Year's Day". 
  5. These Major New Laws Take Effect Today By Sarah Ruiz-Grossman, HuffPost, Jan 1, 2020
  6. Overtime rules, lower Chinese tariffs and more: 6 new regulations taking effect Jan. 1 Ben Werschkul, Yahoo Finance, December 30, 2019.
  7. 'Entire Species Are Being Wiped Out': Ecologists Say Half a Billion Animals May Have Been Killed by Australia Wildfires byJake Johnson, Common Dreams, Jan 2, 2020
  8. 750 soldiers with 82nd Airborne headed for CENTCOM, additional 4,000 troops expected to deploy as Iran tensions mount. By Shawn Snow, Howard Altman, and Philip Athey.] military times. com. January 1, 2020.
  9. Erdogan says up to 250,000 Syrians flee toward Turkey as crisis worsens. January 2, 2020. Reuters.
  10. North Macedonian PM resigns By NEKTARIA STAMOULI, Politico, Jan 3, 2020
  11. Austria swears in first female-majority Cabinet Deutsche Welle (English), 7 Jan 2020
  12. "Twitter Trends with World War III after Assassination of Iraqi Commander in US Airstrike". News18. 3 January 2019. 
  13. CRISTINA GALLARDO (Jan 3, 2020). "Catalan president faces being removed from office". 
  14. [ Libyan authorities report airstrike on military academy|By SAMY MAGDY, AP, Jan 4, 2020
  15. Leftist beats conservative in Croatia’s presidential vote By DARKO BANDIC, AP, Jan 5, 2020
  16. In pictures: Australian bushfires rage as PM admits climate change has fuelled crisis By James Ashford, The Week (UK), Jan 6, 2020
  17. Pelosi says House will introduce 'War Power Resolution' aimed to limit Trump's Iran military action By Paul LeBlanc, CNN, Mon Jan 6, 2020.
  18. México y Argentina se abstienen de reconocer la reelección de Juan Guaidó en Asamblea de Venezuela Proceso, Jan 6, 2020
  19. Con mínima ventaja, Pedro Sánchez es investido como presidente de España By Alejandro Gutierrez, Proceso, Jan 7, 2020
  20. Iran launches missiles at Iraq airbases hosting US and coalition troops By Michael Safi, The Guardian, Jan 8, 2020
  21. Trump says Iran "appears to be standing down" after missile attack BY KATHRYN WATSON, STEFAN BECKET, & GRACE SEGERS, CBS News, Jan 8, 2020
  22. Bharat Bandh live updates: Strike by trade unions gets mixed response The Economic Times (India), Jan 8, 2020 Bharat Bandh updates: Delhi, Mumbai unaffected by nationwide trade union strike India Today, Jan 9, 2020
  23. Strike by millions of workers hit businesses in India AP, Jan 8, 2020 Millions Flood Streets Across India as General Strike Takes Aim at Modi Government by Eoin Higgins, Common Dreams, Jan 8, 2020
  24. International Olympic Committee bans political statements by athletes at games NBC News, Jan 9, 2020
  25. Russian army announces ceasefire in Syria’s Idlib, By AFP | Published: January 10, 2020.
  26. Turkey, Russia agree to ceasefire in war-torn Idlib, Syria, CBC, Jan 10, 2020.
  27. Russia and Turkey establish new ceasefire in Syria's Idlib. A ceasefire was introduced in Idlib's de-escalation zone at 2 pm Moscow time, Russia's Ministry of Defence says. By MEE staff, Published date: 9 January 2020.
  28. Assad regime attacks Idlib, violating third cease-fire attempt, DAILY SABAH, January 9, 2020.
  29. "La progresista Tsai Ing-Wen es reelecta presidenta de Taiwán" (in es). Jan 11, 2020. 
  30. Northern Ireland has a government again after 3 years BY JILL LAWLESS, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS/Global News, 11 Jan 2020
  31. Iran admits to shooting down Ukrainian plane in ‘error’ By LAURA KAYALI, Politico, Jan 11, 2020
  32. UK police say it was mistake to call climate group extremist ABC News, Jan 11, 2020
  33. Thousands run against 'dictatorship' in Thai capital By JERRY HARMER Associated Press, Jan 12, 2020
  34. Canadian officials accidentally push nuke alert to millions AP News, Jan 12, 2020
  35. Same-sex marriage now legal in Northern Ireland By Peter Coulter, BBC News NI, 13 Jan 2020
  36. Alejandro Giammattei asume como nuevo presidente de Guatemala, 14 Jan 2020
  37. Deputy prime minister calls Japan a nation with single race AP/Yahoo News, 14 Jan 2020
  38. Turbulent inauguration day in Guatemala, outgoing president hit by eggs Reuters World News, 14 Jan 2020
  39. Russian government resigns after Putin proposes reforms that would weaken his successor By Mary Ilyushina, CNN World, 15 Jan 2020
  40. House votes to send Trump impeachment articles to Senate, triggering trial By HEATHER CAYGLE and SARAH FERRIS, Politico, 15 Jan 2020
  41. Mozambique leader Nyusi sworn in despite opposition boycott By Manuel Mucari, Reuters, January 15, 2020
  42. Pope Francis appoints first woman to senior Vatican diplomatic role By Julia Hollingsworth, CNN, 16 Jan 2020
  43. Amanda Holpuch (January 16, 2020). "Trump impeachment trial begins as Schiff reads out charges against president – live". London. 
  44. Guatemala breaks off diplomatic relations with Venezuela Al Jareeza, 16 Jan 2020
  45. Police backup called to guard President Macron as protesters try to storm theater By Saskya Vandoorne, Milena Veselinovic and Martin Goillandeau, CNN, 18 Jan 2020
  46. Turkey’s Erdogan: Europe must back Libyan govt in Tripoli By ANDREW WILKS, AP, 18 Jan 2020
  47. Libya’s rival military commander seeks support in Greece By ELENA BECATOROS, AP, January 17, 2020
  48. Violence escalates in Beirut as protesters clash with police By SARAH EL DEEB and ANDREA ROSA, AP, 19 Jan 2020
  49. Norway's governing coalition collapses over ISIS repatriation By Jack Guy, James Frater and Sarah Dean, CNN, 20 Jan 2020
  50. GLOBAL ELECTIONS CALENDAR,, retrieved Dec 23, 2019 
  51. North Macedonian leaders agree to hold snap election on April 12, Oct 20, 2019, 
  52. "Agenda 2020. Estos son los acontecimientos más importantes del próximo año". Mexico City. Dec 26, 2019. 
  53. 2020 DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION,, retrieved Dec 23, 2019 
  54. "Olympics 2020: Tokyo wins race to host Games - BBC Sport". 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2015-11-12. 
  55. Belarusian Presidential Election 2020: The Game is On, Aug 26, 2019, 
  56. ‘My team will lead TT into the future’ Trindad and Tobago Newsday, 27 September 2018
  57. "Expo 2020 Dubai, First World Expo in the Middle East". Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  58. "Saudi Arabia to host G20 summit in 2020". The National. July 8, 2017. 
  59. "Saudi Arabia hosts the 15th G20 Leaders‘ Summit in 2020". 2019-04-17. 
  60. 2020 UN Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC COP 26) SDG Knowledge Club, accessed Dec 23, 2019
  61. Climate Change Is Accelerating, Bringing World ‘Dangerously Close’ to Irreversible Change, By Henry Fountain, Dec. 4, 2019, NY Times.
  62. 2019 Ends Warmest Decade On Record, State Of The Global Climate Report Warns,
  63. Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high, December 3, 2019, Stanford University via
  64. BlackRock CEO says climate crisis will trigger 'a fundamental reshaping of finance' By Sam Meredith, CNBC, 14 Jan 2020
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Update Date: 30 Oct 2022