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HandWiki. List of Proton Launches (1980–89). Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31708 (accessed on 19 April 2024).
HandWiki. List of Proton Launches (1980–89). Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31708. Accessed April 19, 2024.
HandWiki. "List of Proton Launches (1980–89)" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31708 (accessed April 19, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, October 28). List of Proton Launches (1980–89). In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31708
HandWiki. "List of Proton Launches (1980–89)." Encyclopedia. Web. 28 October, 2022.
List of Proton Launches (1980–89)
Edit

This is a list of launches made by the Proton rocket between 1980 and 1989. All launches were conducted from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

baikonur cosmodrome

1. Launches

Date/Time (UTC) Configuration Serial number Launch pad Outcome
Payload Separation orbit Operator Function
Remarks

1980

20 February 1980
08:05
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 297-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #16L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
First launch from Site 200/39
14 June 1980
00:49
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 303-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #15L Geosynchronous   Communications
14 July 1980
22:35
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 301-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #19L Geosynchronous   Communications
5 October 1980
17:10
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 300-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #17L Geosynchronous   Communications
26 December 1980
11:49
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 304-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #20L Geosynchronous   Communications

1981

18 March 1981
04:40
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 306-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #18L Geosynchronous   Communications
25 April 1981
02:01
Proton-K 8K82K 299-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1267 (TKS #16301) Low Earth   Technology
Spacecraft docked with Salyut 6
25 June 1981
23:55
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 305-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #21L Geosynchronous   Communications
30 July 1981
21:38
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 301-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #19L Geosynchronous   Communications
9 October 1981, 16:59 Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 310-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #20L Geosynchronous   Communications
30 October 1981
06:04
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 311-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Venera 13 (Venera 4V-1M #760) Heliocentric   Venus probe
4 November 1981
05:31
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 311-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Venera 14 (Venera 4V-1M #761) Heliocentric   Venus probe

1982

5 February 1982
09:12
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 308-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #22L Geosynchronous   Communications
15 March 1982
04:39
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 305-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #14L Geosynchronous   Communications
19 April 1982
19:45
Proton-K 8K82K 306-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Salyut 7 (DOS-6) Low Earth   Space station
17 May 1982
23:50
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 310-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1366 (Geizer #11L) Geosynchronous   Communications
22 July 1982
22:11
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 307-02 Site 200/40 Failure
Ekran #23L Geosynchronous (intended)   Communications
First stage hydraulic system malfunction. Automatic shutdown commanded T+45 seconds.
16 September 1982
18:31
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 309-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #24L Geosynchronous   Communications
12 October 1982
14:57
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 315-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1413 (Uragan #11L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1414 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate
Kosmos 1415 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate
First Proton-K launch with Block DM-2 upper stage
20 October 1982
16:26
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 312-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #16L Geosynchronous   Communications
26 November 1982
14:13
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 313-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #21L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
24 December 1982
12:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 314-01 Site 200/39 Failure
Gran' #22L (Raduga) Geosynchronous (intended)   Communications
Second stage engine failure T+230 seconds due to high frequency vibration.

1983

2 March 1983
09:37
Proton-K 8K82K 309-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1443 (TKS-M #16401) Low Earth   Logistics/Technology
Spacecraft docked with Salyut 7
12 March 1983
14:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 304-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #18L Geosynchronous   Communications
23 March 1983
12:45
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 307-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Astron (1A #602) Highly elliptical   Astrophysical research
8 April 1983
04:45
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 315-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #23L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
2 June 1983
02:38
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 321-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Venera 15 (Venera 4V-2 #860) Heliocentric   Venus probe
7 June 1983
02:32
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 321-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Venera 16 (Venera 4V-2 #861) Heliocentric   Venus probe
30 June 1983
23:56
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 314-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #17L Geosynchronous   Communications
10 August 1983
18:24
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 317-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1490 (Uragan #12L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1491 (Uragan #13L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1492 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate
25 August 1983
20:02
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 316-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #24L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
29 September 1983
17:37
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 318-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #25L Geosynchronous   Communications
30 November 1983
13:51
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 308-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #18L Geosynchronous   Communications
29 December 1983
00:52:24
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 317-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1519 (Uragan #14L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1520 (Uragan #15L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1521 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate

1984

15 February 1984
08:46
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 318-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #25L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
2 March 1984
03:54
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 316-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1540 (Geizer #12L) Geosynchronous   Communications
16 March 1984
14:00:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 322-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekran #26L Geosynchronous   Communications
29 March 1984
05:53
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 319-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1546 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous   Missile defence
22 April 1984
04:20:59
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 312-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #19L Geosynchronous   Communications
19 May 1984
15:11
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 323-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1554 (Uragan #16L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1555 (Uragan #17L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1556 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate
22 June 1984
00:20:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 319-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #27L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
1 August 1984
21:36:59
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 324-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #20L Geosynchronous   Communications
24 August 1984
19:50:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 324-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekran #27L Geosynchronous   Communications
4 September 1984
15:49:53
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 320-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1593 (Uragan #18L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1594 (Uragan #19L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1595 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate
28 September 1984
14:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 327-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1603 (Tselina-2) Low Earth   ELINT
15 December 1984
09:16:24
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 329-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Vega 1 (Venera-5VK #901) Heliocentric   Planetary probe
Visited Venus and Halley's Comet
21 December 1984
09:13:51
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 325-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Vega 2 (Venera-5VK #902) Heliocentric   Planetary probe
Visited Venus and Halley's Comet

1985

18 January 1985
10:25:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 326-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #21L Geosynchronous   Communications
21 February 1985
07:57
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 327-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1629 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous   Missile defence
22 March 1985
05:00:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 328-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #28L Geosynchronous   Communications
17 May 1985
22:28
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 330-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1650 (Uragan #20L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1651 (Uragan #21L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1652 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate
30 May 1985
14:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 313-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1656 (Tselina-2) Low Earth   ELINT
8 August 1985
21:01:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 317-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #26L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
27 September 1985
08:41:42
Proton-K 8K82K 331-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1686 (TKS-M #16501) Low Earth   Logistics/Technology
Spacecraft docked with Salyut 7
25 October 1985
15:45:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 332-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1700 (Luch #11L) Geosynchronous   Communications
15 November 1985
14:29:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 326-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #28L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
24 December 1985
21:43:28
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 334-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1710 (Uragan #22L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1711 (Uragan #23L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1712 (Uragan GVM) Medium Earth   Boilerplate

1986

17 January 1986
10:20:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 331-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #29L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
19 February 1986
21:28:23
Proton-K 8K82K 337-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Mir Core (DOS-7) Low Earth   Space station module
First module of Mir
4 April 1986
03:45:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 302-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1738 (Geizer #13L) Geosynchronous   Communications
24 May 1986
01:41:59
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 333-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekran #30L Geosynchronous   Communications
10 June 1986
00:48:59
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 322-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #24L Geosynchronous   Communications
16 September 1986
11:38:09
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 336-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1778 (Uragan #24L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1779 (Uragan #25L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1780 (Uragan #26L) Medium Earth   Navigation
25 October 1986
15:43:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 335-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #30L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
18 November 1986
14:08:03
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 334-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #22L Geosynchronous   Communications
29 November 1986
08:00
Proton-K 8K82K 338-01 Site 200/40 Failure
Mech-K #303 Low Earth   Radar reconnaissance
Second stage control failure. Vibration caused separation of an electrical relay.

1987

30 January 1987
09:19:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 341-01 Site 200/40 Failure
Kosmos 1817 (Ekran-M #11L) Geosynchronous (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Communications
Upper stage failed to ignite
19 March 1987
03:54:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 323-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #31L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
31 March 1987
00:16:16
Proton-K 8K82K 336-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kvant-1 Low Earth   Space station module
Second module of Mir
24 April 1987
12:42:54
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 335-01 Site 200/40 Failure
Kosmos 1838 (Uragan #30L) Medium Earth (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Navigation
Kosmos 1839 (Uragan #31L) Medium Earth (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Navigation
Kosmos 1840 (Uragan #32L) Medium Earth (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Navigation
Upper stage malfunctioned
11 May 1987
14:45:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 338-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #23L Geosynchronous   Communications
25 July 1987
09:00:00
Proton-K 8K82K 347-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1870 (Mech-K #304) Low Earth   Radar reconnaissance
3 September 1987
19:26:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 337-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekran #29L Geosynchronous   Communications
16 September 1987
02:53:31
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 339-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1883 (Uragan #33L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1884 (Uragan #34L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1885 (Uragan #35L) Medium Earth   Navigation
1 October 1987
17:09:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 328-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1888 (Geizer #15L) Geosynchronous   Communications
28 October 1987
15:15:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 325-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 1894 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous   Missile defence
26 November 1987
13:28:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 330-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1897 (Luch #12L) Geosynchronous   Communications
10 December 1987
11:30:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 343-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #32L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
27 December 1987
11:25:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 345-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekran-M #13L Geosynchronous   Communications

1988

18 January 1988
09:58:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 341-02 Site 200/40 Failure
Gorizont #25L Geosynchronous (intended)   Communications
Third stage failure T+540 seconds due to disintegration of a propellant feed line.
17 February 1988
00:23:22
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 346-02 Site 200/39 Failure
Kosmos 1917 (Uragan #38L) Medium Earth (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Navigation
Kosmos 1918 (Uragan #37L) Medium Earth (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Navigation
Kosmos 1919 (Uragan #36L) Medium Earth (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
  Navigation
Blok D failure caused by ingestion of debris.
31 March 1988
04:18:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 343-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #26L Geosynchronous   Communications
26 April 1988
03:15:10
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 332-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1940 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous   Missile defence
6 May 1988
02:47:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 349-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekran #31L Geosynchronous   Communications
21 May 1988
17:57:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 348-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1946 (Uragan #39L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1947 (Uragan #40L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1948 (Uragan #41L) Medium Earth   Navigation
7 July 1988
17:38:04
Proton-K/D-2 8K82K/11S824F 356-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Fobos 1 Heliocentric   Mars orbiter
First flight of Proton-K with Block D-2 upper stage, spacecraft later failed
12 July 1988
17:01:43
Proton-K/D-2 8K82K/11S824F 356-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Fobos 2 Heliocentric   Mars orbiter
1 August 1988
21:04:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 351-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1961 (Geizer #16L) Geosynchronous   Communications
18 August 1988
19:52:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 333-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #28L Geosynchronous   Communications
16 September 1988
02:00:47
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 349-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1970 (Uragan #42L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1971 (Uragan #43L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1972 (Uragan #44L) Medium Earth   Navigation
20 October 1988
15:43:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 339-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #34L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
10 December 1988
11:53:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 329-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran-M #12L Geosynchronous   Communications

1989

10 January 1989
02:05:25
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 350-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 1987 (Uragan #27L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1988 (Uragan #45L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 1989 (Etalon-PKA #1L) Medium Earth   Geodesy
26 January 1989
09:15:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 351-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #29L Geosynchronous   Communications
14 April 1989
04:08:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 359-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gran' #33L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
31 May 1989
08:31:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 352-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 2022 (Uragan #28L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 2023 (Uragan #29L) Medium Earth   Navigation
Kosmos 2024 (Etalon-PKA #2L) Medium Earth   Geodesy
21 June 1989
23:35:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 355-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Globus #11 (Raduga-1) Geosynchronous   Communications
5 July 1989
22:44:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 340-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #27L Geosynchronous   Communications
28 September 1989
17:04:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 346-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #31L Geosynchronous   Communications
26 November 1989
13:01:41
Proton-K 8K82K 354-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kvant-2 Low Earth   Space station module
Third module of Mir
1 December 1989
20:20:56
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 352-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Granat (1AS #1) Heliocentric   Astronomy
15 December 1989
11:30:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 344-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #36L (Raduga) Geosynchronous   Communications
27 December 1989
11:10:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 347-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2054 (Luch #14L) Geosynchronous   Communications
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