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HandWiki. Climate-Alliance Germany. Encyclopedia. Available online: (accessed on 13 June 2024).
HandWiki. Climate-Alliance Germany. Encyclopedia. Available at: Accessed June 13, 2024.
HandWiki. "Climate-Alliance Germany" Encyclopedia, (accessed June 13, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, October 25). Climate-Alliance Germany. In Encyclopedia.
HandWiki. "Climate-Alliance Germany." Encyclopedia. Web. 25 October, 2022.
Climate-Alliance Germany

Climate-Alliance Germany (German: Klima-Allianz Deutschland) is a network of more than 120 civil society organizations, including environment groups, development groups, churches, organisations from the fields of youth, education, culture and health, as well as trade unions, and consumer associations. Founded in 2007, the aim of the Alliance is to provide a common front to apply pressure to German decision-makers to adopt climate protection measures. Prominent members include WWF, BUND (or Friends of the Earth Germany), and the trade union ver.di. A key issue for the Alliance is the prevention of new coal-fired power plants (the Anti-Coal Campaign). The Alliance wants the German government to phase-out coal (Kohleausstieg) and promote renewable energy.

climate protection coal-fired power plants civil society

1. Activities

1.1. Coordination of Climate Protection Plan 2050 and Programme of Measures 2030

Coordinated by Climate Alliance Germany, more than 50 organisations published the "Climate Protection Plan 2050 of German Civil Society" in November 2016 as a result of a broad participation process.[1] In it, they call for more ambitious climate protection targets and legal binding force. As a national response to the Paris Climate Agreement, the German government had previously published its Climate Protection Plan 2050, which was criticised by Climate Alliance Germany as insufficient.

Climate Alliance Germany then coordinated the "Climate Protection 2030 Action Programme of German Civil Society". More than sixty organisations from across the spectrum of civil society describe in the extensive demands paper the measures they see as necessary in all fields of climate policy in order for Germany to achieve its climate target of 2030. The central demands are an early exit from coal, the rapid implementation of changes in the transport and agricultural sectors, and an ambitious price for CO2. Both projects were funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment.[2]

1.2. Berlin Climate Talks

Since November 2015, Climate Alliance Germany has hosted the Berlin Climate Talks on changing topics several times a year. The events take place in cooperation with its member organisations. The panel guests have already included several federal ministers, state secretaries and party leaders. The first event was dedicated to civil society proposals for a more climate-friendly air transport concept for Germany.

1.3. Anti-Coal Campaign

Climate Alliance Germany advocates an ambitious coal phase-out. The reduction of coal generation and coal mining is a key element in meeting German and international climate targets and achieving the necessary decarbonisation in terms of effective climate protection. For this reason, the Alliance demands that no new opencast mines be approved. Existing opencast mines in the Rhineland lignite mining area, in Lusatia and in Central Germany are not to be expanded but reduced in size.

The structural change in the lignite regions must be actively shaped politically and financially secured, for example through a structural change fund. In cooperation with local and regional groups, Climate Alliance Germany is also committed to the preservation of villages and landscapes threatened by opencast mining. In order to achieve these goals, the Alliance has made the legal, economic and social aspects of the commercial use of coal a priority issue. In political talks, demand papers, expert reports and studies, Climate Alliance Germany points out the dangers of coal-fired power generation for the climate, environment and health. In addition, it creates public attention through media reports, events, actions and demonstrations.

From 2008 to 2013, Climate Alliance Germany organized an anti-coal campaign to prevent new coal-fired power plants in Germany. The Alliance coordinated and supported civil society activities. As a result of the campaign in cooperation with citizens' initiatives, environmental associations and activists from various sectors of society, 17 climate-damaging coal-fired power plant projects were stopped during this period.

Following a Greenpeace protest against lignite mining in the Lausitz in September 2013, a petition of 112,157 signatures in support was handed to the Lausitz authorities. Daniela Setton, an energy policy speaker from the Alliance, commented that it was the most successful collection of signatures against a new German opencast mine ever.[3]

In July 2014 the Alliance co-authored and co-published a report on the top 30 most polluting coal-fired power plants in Europe and called for their decommissioning.[4]

In July 2016, the Alliance, together with BUND, the Heinrich Böll Foundation, and the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation released a report on the aftermath of lignite mining in Germany.[5][6][7] The report, co-authored by IASS Potsdam (de), argues that the financial resources needed to remedy the damage caused by lignite mining are not adequately backed up by the existing mining operators Vattenfall (who later sold its lignite-fired plants and mines to EPH), RWE, and MIBRAG (de).

1.4. Climate Manifesto

The Climate Manifesto is a manifesto initiated by Climate Alliance Germany in 2016 describing a vision of the climate movement. The text calls on politicians and society to work for a world that is oriented towards the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and the global goals for sustainable development. The member organisations of Climate Alliance Germany were involved in its creation.

The manifesto identifies climate change and the high consumption of natural resources as global and urgent challenges that can only be met through joint efforts. It emphasises that the problems of a globalised world with extreme injustice and inequality can only be solved through global cooperation and solidarity. The industrialised countries, which have built up their prosperity on the basis of fossil fuels and have thus significantly caused climate change, have a special responsibility in this respect.

The climate manifesto was presented in September 2016 at a festive event on the meadow in front of the Reichstag building in Berlin. Ahead of the Bundestag elections in the following year, leaders of the parties represented in the Bundestag were also invited.

1.5. Networking and Training

In addition to activist activities, the Alliance mediates and maintains the substantive and tactical networks of its member organizations and with other civil society actors. In addition, Climate Alliance Germany offers its members opportunities for further development, for example through specific seminars.

1.6. Global Climate Day of Action

From 2007 to 2015, Climate Alliance Germany organised nationwide demonstrations for the annual Global Climate Day of Action. The goal was to protest at the lack of environmental awareness in politics and the economy and to encourage climate protection measures.

Alliance spokesperson Katharina Reuter, in an interview with Deutschlandfunk in December 2011, criticized the exit by Canada from the Kyoto Protocol.[8]

1.7. Alternative Energy Summit

The Alliance organized an Alternative Energy Summit annually from 2010 to 2015 where energy and climate policy issues were discussed.

In an April 2016 media report about the future of RWE, an Alliance expert stated that the power company had become completely unprofitable after failing to adapt to the German Energiewende.[9]


  1. "Klimaschutzplan 2050 der deutschen Zivilgesellschaft" (in de). 
  2. Klima-Allianz Deutschland (10 November 2018). "WANN, WENN NICHT JETZT. Das Maßnahmenprogramm Klimaschutz 2030 der deutschen Zivilgesellschaft". 
  3. "Gegner legten Braunkohlezufuhr lahm" (in German). Germany: Deutschlandradio. 17 September 2013. 
  4. Gutmann, Kathrin; Huscher, Julia; Urbaniak, Darek; White, Adam; Schaible, Christian; Bricke, Mona (July 2014). Europe's dirty 30: how the EU's coal-fired power plants are undermining its climate efforts. Brussels, Belgium: CAN Europe, WWF European Policy Office, HEAL, the EEB, and Climate-Alliance Germany. Retrieved 2016-09-22. 
  5. "Braunkohle-Tagebau: Studie mahnt, Gelder für Renaturierung und Bewältigung der Langzeitschäden zu sichern" (in German). Potsdam, Germany: IASS Potsdam (Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies). 7 July 2016. 
  6. Holdinghausen, Heike (8 July 2016). "Der Atomausstieg als Vorbild" (in German). Die Tageszeitung (taz) (Berlin, Germany).!5307528/. 
  7. Wronski, Rupert; Fiedler, Swantje; Schäuble, Dominik (June 2016). Finanzielle Vorsorge im Braunkohlebereich: Optionen zur Sicherung der Braunkohlerückstellungen und zur Umsetzung des Verursacherprinzips. Berlin and Potsdam, Germany: Forum Ökologisch-Soziale Marktwirtschaft (FÖS) and IASS Potsdam (Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies). Retrieved 2016-09-14. 
  8. Geers, Theo (13 December 2011). "Der Ausstieg ist "auf jeden Fall alarmierend" — Gespräch". Germany: Deutschlandfunk. 
  9. Münten, Thomas; Rahms, Heiko; Seibert, Andreas (12 April 2016). "RWE in der Krise" (in German). Mainz, Germany: ZDF frontal21. 
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