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HandWiki. List of Amphibians. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31188 (accessed on 20 June 2024).
HandWiki. List of Amphibians. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31188. Accessed June 20, 2024.
HandWiki. "List of Amphibians" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31188 (accessed June 20, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, October 25). List of Amphibians. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/31188
HandWiki. "List of Amphibians." Encyclopedia. Web. 25 October, 2022.
List of Amphibians
Edit

List of amphibians organizes the class of amphibian by family and subfamilies and mentions the number of species in each of them. The list below largely follows Darrel Frost's Amphibian Species of the World (ASW), Version 5.5 (31 January 2011). Another classification, which largely follows Frost, but deviates from it in part is the one of AmphibiaWeb, by the University of California, Berkeley. The major differences between these two classifications are:

subfamilies classification amphibian

1. Class Amphibia

There are a total of 6771 amphibian species

1.1. Order Anura: Frogs and Toads

Total 5966 species

Suborder Archaeobatrachia

  • Family Alytidae - Painted Frogs or Disc-Tongued frogs, 12 species. The genus Discoglossus, 7 species, is considered a distinct family, Discoglossidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Bombinatoridae - Fire Belly toads, 8 species
  • Family Leiopelmatidae - New Zealand primitive frogs, 6 species. The genus Ascaphus is considered a distinct family, Ascaphidae, by AmphibiaWeb

Suborder Mesobatrachia

  • Family Megophryidae - Litter frogs or Short Legged toads, 156 species
  • Family Pelobatidae - European Spadefoot toads, 4 species
  • Family Pelodytidae - Parsley frogs, 3 species
  • Family Pipidae - Tongueless frogs or clawed frogs, 33 species
  • Family Rhinophrynidae - Mexican Burrowing Toad, 1 species
  • Family Scaphiopodidae - American spadefoot toads, 7 species

Suborder Neobatrachia

  • Family Allophrynidae, 1 species
  • Family Aromobatidae - 104 species, considered part of the family Dendrobatidae by AmphibiaWeb
    • Subfamily: Allobatinae, 46 species
    • Subfamily: Anomaloglossinae, 26 species.
    • Subfamily: Aromobatinae, 31 species.
  • Family Arthroleptidae - Screeching frogs or squeakers, 140 species
    • Subfamily: Arthroleptinae, 89 species
    • Subfamily: Leptopelinae, 51 species
  • Family Brachycephalidae - Saddleback toads, 51 species.
  • Family Brevicipitidae - 31 species
  • Family Bufonidae - True toads, 558 species
  • Family Calyptocephalellidae - 4 species
  • Family Centrolenidae - Glass frogs, 146 species
    • Subfamily: Centroleninae, 604
    • Subfamily: Hyalinobatrachiinae, 30 spe cies
  • Family Ceratobatrachidae, 85 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Ceratophryidae - 86 species
    • Subfamily: Batrachylinae, 14 species
    • Subfamily: Ceratophryinae, 12 species.
    • Subfamily: Telmatobiinae, 60 species
  • Family Ceuthomantidae - 4 species, split off from family Brachycephalidae
  • Family Craugastoridae - 115 species
  • Family Cycloramphidae - 105 species
    • Subfamily: Alsodinae, 70 species
    • Subfamily: Cycloramphinae, 34 species
  • Family Dendrobatidae - Poison dart frogs, 179 species
    • Subfamily: Colostethinae, 61 species
    • Subfamily: Dendrobatinae, 58 species
    • Subfamily: Hyloxalinae, 58 species
  • Family Dicroglossidae, 171 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
    • Subfamily: Dicroglossinae, 149 species
    • Subfamily: Occidozyginae, 22 species
  • Family Eleutherodactylidae - 201 species
    • Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae, 194 species
    • Subfamily: Phyzelaphryninae, 7 species
  • Family Heleophrynidae - Ghost frogs, 7 species
  • Family Hemiphractidae - 94 species
  • Family Hemisotidae - Shovelnose frogs, 9 species
  • Family Hylidae - Tree frogs, 901 species
    • Subfamily: Hylinae, 646 species
    • Subfamily: Pelodryadinae, 197 species
    • Subfamily: Phyllomedusinae, 58 species
  • Family Hylodidae - 42 species
  • Family Hyperoliidae - Sedge frogs or bush frogs, 209 species
  • Family Leiuperidae, 86 species
  • Family Leptodactylidae - Southern frogs or tropical frogs, 100 species
  • Family Mantellidae, 191 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
    • Subfamily: Boophinae, 72 species
    • Subfamily: Laliostominae, 4 species
    • Subfamily: Mantellinae, 115 species
  • Family Micrixalidae - 11 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Microhylidae - Narrow-mouthed frogs, 487 species
    • Subfamily: Asterophryinae, 248 species
    • Subfamily: Cophylinae, 57 species
    • Subfamily: Dyscophinae, 3 species
    • Subfamily: Gastrophryninae, 52 species
    • Subfamily: Hoplophryninae, 3 species
    • Subfamily: Kalophryninae, 16 species
    • Subfamily: Melanobatrachinae, 1 species
    • Subfamily: Microhylinae, 70 species
    • Subfamily: Otophryninae, 3 species
    • Subfamily: Phrynomerinae, 5 species
    • Subfamily: Scaphiophryninae, 10 species
  • Family Myobatrachidae - Australian ground frogs, 85 species
  • Family Limnodynastidae, 43 species, considered part of the family Myobatrachidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Nasikabatrachidae - 1 species, formerly included in family Sooglossidae
  • Family Nyctibatrachidae - 17 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Petropedetidae, 18 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Phrynobatrachidae - 82 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Ptychadenidae - 53 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Pyxicephalidae - 68 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
    • Subfamily: Cacosterninae, 63 species
    • Subfamily: Pyxicephalinae, 5 species
  • Family Ranidae - True frogs, 347 species
  • Family Ranixalidae - 10 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Rhacophoridae - Moss frogs, 321 species, considered part of the family Ranidae by AmphibiaWeb
    • Subfamily: Buergeriinae, 4 species
    • Subfamily: Rhacophorinae, 317 species
  • Family Sooglossidae Seychelles Frog, 4 species.
  • Family Strabomantidae, 569 species
    • Subfamily: Holoadeninae, 47 species
    • Subfamily: Strabomantinae, 522 species, removed from family Brachycephalidae

1.2. Order Caudata: Salamanders

Total 619 species

Suborder Cryptobranchoidea

  • Family Cryptobranchidae - Giant salamanders, 3 species
  • Family Hynobiidae - Asiatic salamanders, 55 species
      • Subfamily: Hynobiinae, 54 species
      • Subfamily: Protohynobiinae, 1 species

Suborder Salamandroidea

  • Family Ambystomatidae - Mole salamanders, 37 species. The genus Dicamptodon (4 species) is considered a distinct family, Dicamptodontidae by AmphibiaWeb: Pacific giant salamanders
  • Family Amphiumidae - Amphiumas or Congo eels, 3 species
  • Family Plethodontidae - Lungless salamanders, 418 species
      • Subfamily: Bolitoglossinae, 283 species
      • Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae, 1 species
      • Subfamily: Plethodontinae, 98 species
      • Subfamily: Spelerpinae, 36 species
  • Family Proteidae - Mudpuppies and Waterdogs, 6 species
  • Family Rhyacotritonidae - Torrent salamanders, 4 species
  • Family Salamandridae - True salamanders and newts, 89 species
      • Subfamily: Pleurodelinae, 71 species
      • Subfamily: Salamandrinae, 16 species
      • Subfamily: Salamandrininae, 2 species

Suborder Sirenoidea

  • Family Sirenidae - Sirens, 4 species

1.3. Order Gymnophiona: Caecilian

Total 186 species

  • Family Caeciliidae - Common caecilians, 125 species. Most species in this family are sometimes placed in the subfamily Caeciliinae, however, this is not always considered a coherent subfamily. The remaining two subfamilies contain a small minority of the species:
    • Subfamily: Scolecomorphinae, 6 species, considered a distinct family, Scolecomorphidae, by AmphibiaWeb
    • Subfamily: Typhlonectinae, 13 species, considered a distinct family, Typhlonectidae, by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Ichthyophiidae - Fish caecilians, 50 species. The genus Uraeotyphlus, 7 species, is considered a distinct family, Uraeotyphlidae, by AmphibiaWeb
  • Family Rhinatrematidae - Beaked caecilians, 11 species
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