Submitted Successfully!
Thank you for your contribution! You can also upload a video entry related to this topic through the link below:
https://encyclopedia.pub/user/video_add?id=1324
Check Note
2000/2000
Ver. Summary Created by Modification Content Size Created at Operation
1 Overall, the findings of this systematic review suggest the following conclusions: 1. SCFA impair the viability of oral epithelial cells at mM concentrations via apoptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis. 2. SCFA impair the integrity and presumably the transmi + 304 word(s) 304 2020-07-13 10:32:06 |
2 format change -3 word(s) 301 2020-07-16 10:18:27 |
Periodontitis
Edit
Upload a video

Periodontitis is characterized by a complex inflammatory response triggered by the presence of a dental biofilm. This bacterial biofilm is able to elicit a dysbiosis in the subgingival microbiome leading to the destruction of the periodontal supporting tissues and eventually tooth loss.

  • periodontitis
  • periodontal disease
  • short-chain fatty acids
Information

1. Definition

Periodontitis is characterized by a complex inflammatory response triggered by the presence of a dental biofilm. This bacterial biofilm is able to elicit a dysbiosis in the subgingival microbiome leading to the destruction of the periodontal supporting tissues and eventually tooth loss.

2. Introduction

Periodontitis is characterized by a complex inflammatory response triggered by the presence of a dental biofilm. This bacterial biofilm is able to elicit a dysbiosis in the subgingival microbiome leading to the destruction of the periodontal supporting tissues and eventually tooth loss. Metabolites released by periodontopathic bacteria are capable of provoking an immune response inducing the influx of neutrophils and macrophages to the gingival crevice and epithelium. An excessive migration of leukocytes facilitates the periodontal breakdown and is often associated with the initiation and progression of periodontal diseases. Therefore, it can be assumed that the release of secondary metabolites may play a crucial role in periodontal disease. However, the specific role of these metabolites remains unclear.

3. Latest Research

A systematic review [1] showed that short-chain fatty acids, a bacterial metabolite, may negatively affect the viability of oral epithelial cells by activating a series of cellular events that include apoptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis. Short-chain fatty acids impair the integrity and presumably the transmigration of leucocytes through the epithelial layer by changing junctional and adhesion protein expression, respectively. Short-chain fatty acids also affect the expression of chemokines and cytokines in oral epithelial cells. Future research needs to identify the underlying signaling cascades and to translate these in vitro findings into preclinical models.

Information
Contributor :
View Times: 297
Revisions: 2 times (View History)
Update Time: 16 Jul 2020
Table of Contents

    Confirm

    Are you sure to Delete?

    Video Upload Options

    Do you have a full video?
    Cite
    If you have any further questions, please contact Encyclopedia Editorial Office.
    Magrin, G. Periodontitis. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/1324 (accessed on 15 August 2022).
    Magrin G. Periodontitis. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/1324. Accessed August 15, 2022.
    Magrin, Gabriel. "Periodontitis," Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/1324 (accessed August 15, 2022).
    Magrin, G. (2020, July 13). Periodontitis. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/1324
    Magrin, Gabriel. ''Periodontitis.'' Encyclopedia. Web. 13 July, 2020.
    Share
    Download
    Cite
    Top