Seismicity in Natural Time and Seismic Electric Signals
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  • Release Date: 2022-06-22
  • natural time
  • earthquakes
  • order parameter
Video Introduction

This video is adapted from 10.3390/geosciences12060225

A lot of work in geosciences has been completed during the last decade on the analysis in the new concept of time, termed natural time, introduced in 2001. The main advances are presented, including, among others, the following: First, the direct experimental verification of the interconnection between a Seismic Electric Signals (SES) activity and seismicity, i.e., the order parameter fluctuations of seismicity exhibit a clearly detectable minimum when an SES activity starts. These two phenomena are also linked closely in space. Second, the identification of the epicentral area and the occurrence time of an impending major earthquake (EQ) by means of the order parameter of seismicity and the entropy change of seismicity under time reversal as well as the extrema of their fluctuations. An indicative example is the M9 Tohoku EQ in Japan on 11 March 2011. Third, to answer the crucial question—when a magnitude 7 class EQ occurs—whether it is a foreshock or a mainshock. The explanation of these experimental findings identified before major EQs is given in a unified way on the basis of a physical model already proposed in the 1980s for the generation of SES.

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Sarlis, N.; Varotsos, P.; Skordas, E. Seismicity in Natural Time and Seismic Electric Signals. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/343 (accessed on 15 April 2024).
Sarlis N, Varotsos P, Skordas E. Seismicity in Natural Time and Seismic Electric Signals. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/343. Accessed April 15, 2024.
Sarlis, Nicholas, Panayiotis Varotsos, Efthimios Skordas. "Seismicity in Natural Time and Seismic Electric Signals" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/343 (accessed April 15, 2024).
Sarlis, N., Varotsos, P., & Skordas, E. (2022, June 22). Seismicity in Natural Time and Seismic Electric Signals. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/343
Sarlis, Nicholas, et al. "Seismicity in Natural Time and Seismic Electric Signals." Encyclopedia. Web. 22 June, 2022.