Keratoconus Incidence in Greece Diagnosed in Cataract Procedures
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  • Release Date: 2024-05-21
  • keratoconus
  • incidence
  • corneal ectasia
  • cornea tomography
  • Scheimpflug corneal tomography
  • form fruste keratoconus
Video Introduction

This video is adapted from 10.3390/jcm13082378

Background: Scheimpflug tomography has for many years been an integral part of our pre-operative assessment in cataract extraction. Researchers retrospectively reviewed the incidence of topographic keratoconus and keratoconus suspicion in our routine cataract surgery population over 5 years. Setting: The Laservision Clinical and Research Institute, Athens, Greece. Methods: In 1250 consecutive cataract surgery cases in otherwise naïve eyes, accounting for years 2017 to 2021, researchers retrospectively evaluated preoperative Pentacam HR imaging. The cases already classified as keratoconus were included in group A. The residual cases were assessed by five different experienced evaluators (two ophthalmic surgeons and three optometrists) for topographic and tomographic keratoconus suspicion based on irregular pachymetry distribution, astigmatism truncation, and/or astigmatic imaging irregularity and included in group B. Regular corneas, by this assessment, were included in group C; irregular corneas, as determined by the evaluators but unrelated to keratoconus, were included in group D. Results: Based on the above, 138 cases (11.08%) were classified by Pentacam tomography as keratoconus and by default were included in group A. Of the residual cases, 314 or 25.12% were classified as suspect keratoconus and included in group B; 725 cases (58%) were classified as normal and non-keratoconus and included in group C; and 73 cases or 5.84% were placed in group D as non-keratoconus but abnormal. There was no disagreement between the five evaluators over any of the cases in groups C and D, and little variance among them for cases included in group B (less than 5% by ANOVA). Conclusions: The incidence of keratoconus and corneas suspicious for keratoconus in Greece appears to be much higher than respective reports from other regions: one in ten Greeks appear to have topographic keratoconus, most not diagnosed even by the age of cataract surgery, and almost an additional one in four may have suspicious corneal imaging for keratoconus. These data strongly imply that routine screening for disease should be promoted among Greeks, especially during puberty, to halt possible progression; moreover, careful screening should be performed when laser vision correction is being considered.

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Kanellopoulos, A.J.; Kanellopoulos, A.J. Keratoconus Incidence in Greece Diagnosed in Cataract Procedures. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/1271 (accessed on 16 June 2024).
Kanellopoulos AJ, Kanellopoulos AJ. Keratoconus Incidence in Greece Diagnosed in Cataract Procedures. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/1271. Accessed June 16, 2024.
Kanellopoulos, Anastasios John, Alexander John Kanellopoulos. "Keratoconus Incidence in Greece Diagnosed in Cataract Procedures" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/1271 (accessed June 16, 2024).
Kanellopoulos, A.J., & Kanellopoulos, A.J. (2024, May 21). Keratoconus Incidence in Greece Diagnosed in Cataract Procedures. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/1271
Kanellopoulos, Anastasios John and Alexander John Kanellopoulos. "Keratoconus Incidence in Greece Diagnosed in Cataract Procedures." Encyclopedia. Web. 21 May, 2024.
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