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HandWiki. Nima Arkani-Hamed. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37533 (accessed on 19 June 2024).
HandWiki. Nima Arkani-Hamed. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37533. Accessed June 19, 2024.
HandWiki. "Nima Arkani-Hamed" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37533 (accessed June 19, 2024).
HandWiki. (2022, December 01). Nima Arkani-Hamed. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37533
HandWiki. "Nima Arkani-Hamed." Encyclopedia. Web. 01 December, 2022.
Nima Arkani-Hamed
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collider cosmology cfhep

1. Introduction

Nima Arkani-Hamed (Persian: نیما ارکانی حامد‎; born April 5, 1972) is an Iranian-American-Canadian[1][2] theoretical physicist, with interests in high-energy physics, quantum field theory, string theory, cosmology and collider physics. Arkani-Hamed is a member of the permanent faculty at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.[3] He is also director of The Center for Future High Energy Physics (CFHEP) in Beijing, China .[4]

2. Early Life

Arkani-Hamed's parents, Jafargholi "Jafar" Arkani-Hamed and Hamideh Alasti are both physicists from Iran.[5] His father, a native of Tabriz,[6] had worked for the Apollo program in the early 1970s,[7] was chairman of the physics department at Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, and later taught earth and planetary sciences at McGill University in Montreal .[8] Arkani-Hamed immigrated to Canada as a child with his family in the seventies.[9]

3. Academic Career

Arkani-Hamed graduated at the University of Toronto with a joint honours degree in mathematics and physics in 1993, and went to the University of California, Berkeley, for his graduate studies, where he worked under the supervision of Lawrence Hall. The majority of his graduate work was on studies of supersymmetry and flavor physics. His Ph.D. dissertation was titled "Supersymmetry and Hierarchies". He completed his Ph.D. in 1997 and went to SLAC at Stanford University for post-doctoral studies. During this time he worked with Savas Dimopoulos and developed the paradigm of large extra dimensions.[7]

In 1999 he joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley physics department. He took a leave of absence from Berkeley to visit Harvard University beginning January 2001, and stayed at Harvard as a professor from 2002–2008. Since 2008 he has been a professor in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.[10]

4. Honors and Awards

In 2003 he won the Gribov Medal of the European Physical Society, and in the summer of 2005 while at Harvard he won the Phi Beta Kappa award for teaching excellence. In 2008, he won the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Prize given at Tel Aviv University to young scientists who have made outstanding and fundamental contributions in Physical Science.[11] He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009.[12]. He gave the Messenger lectures at Cornell University in 2010, and is currently an A. D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University.[13]. In 2012 he was an inaugural awardee of the Fundamental Physics Prize, the creation of physicist and internet entrepreneur, Yuri Milner.[14] He was one of six physicists featured in the award-winning 2013 documentary film Particle Fever, and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2017.

5. Selected Works

  • The paradigm of "large extra dimensions" (with Gia Dvali and Savas Dimopoulos):
N. Arkani-Hamed; S. Dimopoulos; G. Dvali (1998). "The Hierarchy Problem and New Dimensions at a Millimeter". Phys. Lett. B 429 (3-4): 263–272. doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00466-3. Bibcode: 1998PhLB..429..263A. 
I. Antoniadis; N. Arkani-Hamed; S. Dimopoulos; G. Dvali (1998). "New Dimensions at a Millimeter to a Fermi and Superstrings at a TeV". Phys. Lett. B 436 (3-4): 257–263. doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00860-0. Bibcode: 1998PhLB..436..257A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; S. Dimopoulos; G. Dvali (1999). "Phenomenology, Astrophysics and Cosmology of Theories with Sub-Millimeter Dimensions and TeV Scale Quantum Gravity". Phys. Rev. D 59 (8): 086004. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.59.086004. Bibcode: 1999PhRvD..59h6004A. 
Arkani-Hamed, Nima; Savas Dimopoulos; Georgi Dvali (August 2000). "The Universe's Unseen Dimensions". Scientific American 283 (2): 62–69. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0800-62. PMID 10914401. Bibcode: 2000SciAm.283b..62A. 
  • Deconstruction (with Howard Georgi and Andrew Cohen):
N. Arkani-Hamed; A.G. Cohen; H. Georgi (2001). "(De)Constructing Dimensions". Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 (21): 4757–4761. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.4757. PMID 11384341. Bibcode: 2001PhRvL..86.4757A. 
  • Little Higgs theories:
N. Arkani-Hamed; A. G. Cohen; H. Georgi (2001). "Electroweak symmetry breaking from dimensional deconstruction". Phys. Lett. B 513: 232–240. doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(01)00741-9. Bibcode: 2001PhLB..513..232A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; A.G. Cohen; T. Gregoire; J.G. Wacker (2002). "Phenomenology of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking from Theory Space". JHEP 0208 (08): 020. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2002/08/020. Bibcode: 2002JHEP...08..020A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; A.G. Cohen; T. Gregoire; E. Katz; A.E. Nelson & J.G. Wacker (2002). "The Minimal Moose for a Little Higgs". JHEP 0208 (08): 021. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2002/08/021. Bibcode: 2002JHEP...08..021A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; A.G. Cohen; E. Katz; A.E. Nelson (2002). "The Littlest Higgs". JHEP 0207 (07): 034. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2002/07/034. Bibcode: 2002JHEP...07..034A. 
  • Ghost condensation:
N. Arkani-Hamed; H.C. Cheng; M. A. Luty; S. Mukohyama (2004). "Ghost condensation and a consistent infrared modification of gravity". JHEP 0405 (05): 074. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2004/05/074. Bibcode: 2004JHEP...05..074H. 
  • Split supersymmetry (with Savas Dimopoulos):
N. Arkani-Hamed; S. Dimopoulos (2005). "Supersymmetric unification without low energy supersymmetry and signatures for fine-tuning at the LHC". JHEP 0506 (06): 073. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2005/06/073. Bibcode: 2005JHEP...06..073A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; S. Dimopoulos; G.F. Giudice; A. Romanino (2005). "Aspects of split supersymmetry". Nucl. Phys. B 0709: 3–46. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2004.12.026. Bibcode: 2005NuPhB.709....3A. 
  • Causality Constraints on Effective Field Theories
A. Adams, N. Arkani-Hamed, S. Dubovsky, A. Nicolis and R. Rattazzi,``Causality, analyticity and an IR obstruction to UV completion", hep-th/0602178.
  • Weak Gravity Conjecture
N. Arkani-Hamed, L. Motl, A. Nicolis and C. Vafa,``The String landscape, black holes and gravity as the weakest force", hep-th/0601001.
  • Dark Matter:
N. Arkani-Hamed; N. Weiner (2008). "LHC Signals for a SuperUnified Theory of Dark Matter". JHEP 0812 (12): 104. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2008/12/104. Bibcode: 2008JHEP...12..104A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; D.P. Finkbeiner; T.R. Slatyer; N. Weiner (2009). "A Theory of Dark Matter". Phys. Rev. D 79: 015014. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.015014. Bibcode: 2009PhRvD..79a5014A. 
  • Scattering Amplitudes and the Positive Grassmannian
N. Arkani-Hamed; F. Cachazo; C. Cheung; J. Kaplan (2010). "A Duality for the S Matrix". JHEP 1003 (3): 020. doi:10.1007/JHEP03(2010)020. Bibcode: 2010JHEP...03..020A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed; J. Bourjaily; F. Cachazo; S. Caron-Huot et al. (2011). "The All-Loop Integrand For Scattering Amplitudes in Planar N=4 SYM". JHEP 1101: 041. doi:10.1007/JHEP01(2011)041. Bibcode: 2011JHEP...01..041A. 
N. Arkani-Hamed, J. Bourjaily, F. Cachazo, S. Goncharov, A. Postnikov, J. Trnka, Scattering Amplitudes and the Positive Grassmannian, arXiv:1212.5605
  • Amplituhedron
N. Arkani-Hamed and J. Trnka, "The Amplituhedron",arXiv:1312.2007.
  • Future Colliders
N. Arkani-Hamed, T. Han, M. Mangao and L. Wang, "Physics Opportunities of a 100 TeV proton-proton collider", arXiv:1511.06495.

6. Lectures

  1. "The Future of Fundamental Physics" five lectures given at Cornell October 4–8, 2010 in the Messenger Lecture series.[15]
  2. "Introduction to Scattering Amplitudes" five lectures given at Cornell October 4–8, 2010, focus on n=4 supersymmetric Yang–Mills Theory.[16]
Further Reading
In this part, we encourage you to list the link of papers wrote by the character, or published reviews/articles about his/her academic contributions. Edit

References

  1. "Curriculum Vita, updated 4-17-15", sns.ias.edu; accessed December 4, 2015. http://www.sns.ias.edu/ckfinder/userfiles/files/4-17-15NAH_CV-Biblio.pdf
  2. "Nima Arkani-Hamed" (in en-US). 2015-01-01. https://ir.usembassy.gov/nima-arkani-hamed/. 
  3. "Nima Arkani-Hamed" (in en). https://www.ias.edu/scholars/arkani-hamed. 
  4. "CFHEP". http://cfhep.ihep.ac.cn/. 
  5. Jafargholi "Jafar" Arkani-Hamed. Lateral Variations of Density in the Earth's Mantle. http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/58240/29576858.pdf?sequence1
  6. Cornellcast: https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/58240/29576858-MIT.pdf?sequence=2
  7. Wolchover, Natalie (4 October 2015). "Visions of Future Physics". Wired. https://www.wired.com/2015/10/visions-future-physics/. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  8. "Professor Nima Arkani-Hamed Wins Prestigious Physics Prize". Public Broadcasting Service. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/tehranbureau/2012/08/news-professor-nima-arkani-hamed-wins-prestigious-physics-prize.html#ixzz251JTtZqj. Retrieved August 30, 2012. 
  9. Wolchover, Natalie (4 October 2015). "Visions of Future Physics". Wired. https://www.wired.com/2015/10/visions-future-physics/. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  10. Theoretical Physicist Nima Arkani-Hamed Appointed to the Faculty of the Institute for Advanced Study, ias.edu; accessed May 12, 2015. https://www.ias.edu/press-releases/theoretical-physicist-nima-arkani-hamed-appointed-faculty-institute-advanced-study
  11. Past Laureates of the Raymond and Beverly Sackler International Prize in Physics https://english.tau.ac.il/sackler_prize_in_physics_past_laureates
  12. "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. http://www.amacad.org/publications/BookofMembers/ChapterA.pdf. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  13. "Andrew D. White Professors-at-Large" (in en). https://adwhiteprofessors.cornell.edu/professors-at-large/. 
  14. New annual US$3 million Fundamental Physics Prize recognizes transformative advances in the field , fundamentalphysicsprize.org; accessed August 1, 2012. http://fundamentalphysicsprize.org/news.html
  15. "The Future of Fundamental Physics - CornellCast". http://www.cornell.edu/video/playlist/nima-arkani-hamed-on-future-of-fundamental-physics. Retrieved 2015-12-26. 
  16. "Introduction to Scattering Amplitudes - CornellCast". http://www.cornell.edu/video/playlist/introduction-to-scattering-amplitudes. Retrieved 2015-12-26. 
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Name: Nima Arkani-Hamed
Born: Apr 1972
Birth
Location:
Houston, Texas
Title: Theoretical physicist
Affiliations: Institute for Advanced Study Harvard University Cornell University
Honors: Gribov Medal of the European Physical Society (2003) Sackler Prize of Tel Aviv University (2008) Phi Beta Kappa Teaching Award (2005) Fundamental Physics Prize (2012)
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Subjects: Others
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