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Liu, H. List of Vaccine Topics. Encyclopedia. Available online: (accessed on 01 December 2023).
Liu H. List of Vaccine Topics. Encyclopedia. Available at: Accessed December 01, 2023.
Liu, Handwiki. "List of Vaccine Topics" Encyclopedia, (accessed December 01, 2023).
Liu, H.(2022, November 04). List of Vaccine Topics. In Encyclopedia.
Liu, Handwiki. "List of Vaccine Topics." Encyclopedia. Web. 04 November, 2022.
List of Vaccine Topics

This is a list of vaccine-related topics. A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe or its toxins. The agent stimulates the body's immune system to recognize the agent as foreign, destroy it, and "remember" it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms that it later encounters.

biological preparation vaccine immunity

1. Human Vaccines

1.1. Viral Diseases

List of vaccines for viral diseases
Vaccine(s) Virus Diseases or conditions Brands
COVID-19 vaccine Coronavirus COVID-19
  • Comirnaty
  • Convidecia
  • CoronaVac
  • Covaxin
  • Spikevax
  • Covishield
  • CoviVac
  • Covovax
  • EpiVacCorona
  • Janssen COVID-19 vaccine
  • RBD-Dimer
  • Sinopharm BIBP
  • Sinopharm WIBP
  • Sputnik Light
  • Sputnik V
  • Vaxzevria
Dengue vaccine Dengue virus Dengue fever Dengvaxia
Ebola vaccine Ebolavirus Ebola
  • Ervebo
  • Mvabea
  • Zabdeno
H1N1 vaccine H1N1 virus Swine flu Panvax
Hepatitis A vaccine Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis A Avaxim, Biovac-A, Epaxal, Havrix, Twinrix, VAQTA
Hepatitis B vaccine Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis B Comvax, ComBE Five, Easyfive TT, Elovac B, Engerix-B, Genevac B, Pediarix, Pentabio, Pentavac PFS, Quinvaxem, Recombivax HB, Sci-B-Vac, Shan-5, Shanvac B, Twinrix
Hepatitis E vaccine Hepatitis E virus Hepatitis E Hecolin
HPV vaccine Human papillomavirus Cervical cancer, Genital warts, anogenital cancers Cervarix, Gardasil
Influenza vaccine Influenza virus Influenza Agriflu, Fluarix, Flubio, FluLaval, FluMist, Fluvirin, Fluzone, Influvac, Pandemrix, Vaxigrip
Japanese encephalitis vaccine Japanese encephalitis virus Japanese encephalitis Encevac, Imojev, Ixiaro, Jeev, Jenvac, Jespect, JEvax
Junin vaccine[1] Junin virus Argentine hemorrhagic fever Candid 1,toffe,coffe
Measles vaccine, MMR vaccine, MMRV vaccine Measles virus Measles MMR II, Priorix, Priorix Tetra, ProQuad, Tresivac, Trimovax
Mumps vaccine, MMR vaccine, MMRV vaccine Mumps virus Mumps MMR II, Priorix, Priorix Tetra, ProQuad, Tresivac, Trimovax
Polio vaccine Polio virus Poliomyelitis Ipol, Kinrix, Pediacel, Pediarix, Pentacel, Quadracel
Rabies vaccine Rabies virus Rabies Abhayrab, Imovax, RabAvert, Rabipur, Rabivax, Speeda, Verovab
Rotavirus vaccine Rotavirus Rotaviral gastroenteritis Rotarix, Rotateq
Rubella vaccine, MMR vaccine, MMRV vaccine Rubella virus Rubella MMR II, Priorix, ProQuad, Tresivac, Trimovax
Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine Tick-borne encephalitis virus Tick-borne encephalitis Encepur, EnceVi, FSME-Immun, TBE-Moscow
Varicella vaccine, Shingles vaccine, MMRV vaccine Varicella zoster virus Chickenpox, Shingles Priorix Tetra, ProQuad, Varilrix, Varivax, Zostavax
Smallpox vaccine Variola virus Smallpox ACAM2000, Dryvax, Imvanex
Yellow fever vaccine Yellow fever virus Yellow fever Stamaril, YF-VAX

1.2. Bacterial Diseases

List of vaccines for bacterial diseases
Vaccine(s) Bacterium Diseases or conditions Brands
Anthrax vaccines Bacillus anthracis Anthrax BioThrax
DPT vaccine Bordetella pertussis Whooping cough Boostrix, Adacel, Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia, Kinrix, Pediarix, Pentacel, Tetramune, Quinvaxem, Pentavac PFS, Easyfive TT, Shan-5, ComBE Five
Brucella vaccine[2] Brucella abortus Brucellosis RB51
DPT vaccine Clostridium tetani Tetanus Boostrix, Adacel, Decavac, Tenivac, Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia, Kinrix, Pediarix, Pentacel, Tetramune, Quinvaxem, Pentavac PFS, Easyfive TT, Shan-5, ComBE Five
DPT vaccine Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria Boostrix, Adacel, Decavac, Tenivac, Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia, Kinrix, Pediarix, Pentacel, Tetramune, Quinvaxem, Pentavac PFS, Easyfive TT, Shan-5, ComBE Five
Q fever vaccine Coxiella burnetii Q fever Q-Vax
Hib vaccine Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) Epiglottitis, meningitis, pneumonia Hiberix, Pentacel, ActHIB, Pedvax HIB, Tetramune, Quinvaxem, Pentavac PFS, Easyfive TT, Shan-5, ComBE Five
Tuberculosis (BCG) vaccine Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis Tice BCG
Meningococcal vaccine Neisseria meningitidis Meningococcal meningitis Serotype C: Neisvac C and Meningitec. Serotypes A/C/W-135/Y: Mencevax, Nimenrix, Menveo, Menactra. Serotype B: Bexsero
Typhoid vaccine Salmonella Typhi Typhoid fever Typhim Vi, Typherix, Ty21a
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine Streptococcus pneumoniae Pneumococcal pneumonia Pneumovax, Prevnar
Cholera vaccine Vibrio cholerae Cholera Dukoral, Shanchol, Vaxchora

1.3. Vaccines under Research

Viral diseases

  • Adenovirus vaccine[3]
  • COVID-19 vaccine (Part of today's pandemic since 2019)
  • Coxsackie B virus vaccine[4]
  • Cytomegalovirus vaccine[5]
  • Chikungunya vaccine[6]
  • Eastern Equine encephalitis virus vaccine for humans[7]
  • Enterovirus 71 vaccine[8]
  • Epstein–Barr vaccine[9]
  • H5N1 vaccine[10]
  • Hepatitis C vaccine[11]
  • HIV vaccine[12]
  • HTLV-1 T-lymphotropic leukemia vaccine for humans[13][14]
  • Marburg virus disease vaccine[15]
  • MERS vaccine[16]
  • Nipah virus vaccine[17]
  • Norovirus vaccine[18]
  • Respiratory syncytial virus vaccine[19]
  • SARS vaccine[20]
  • West Nile virus vaccine for humans[21]
  • Zika fever vaccine[22]

Bacterial diseases

  • Caries vaccine[23]
  • Gonorrhea vaccine[24]
  • Ehrlichiosis vaccine[25]
  • Helicobacter pylori vaccine [26][27]
  • Leprosy vaccine[28]
  • Lyme disease vaccine[29]
  • Staphylococcus aureus vaccine[30]
  • Streptococcus pyogenes vaccine[31]
  • Syphilis vaccine[32]
  • Tularemia vaccine[33]
  • Yersinia pestis vaccine[34]

Parasitic diseases

  • Chagas disease vaccine[35]
  • Hookworm vaccine[36]
  • Leishmaniasis vaccine[37]
  • Malaria vaccine[38]
  • Onchocerciasis river blindness vaccine for humans[39]
  • Schistosomiasis vaccine[40]
  • Trypanosomiasis vaccine[41]

Non-infectious diseases

  • Alzheimer's disease amyloid protein vaccine[42]
  • Breast cancer vaccine[43]
  • Ovarian cancer vaccine[44]
  • Prostate cancer vaccine[45]
  • Talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC), - Herpes virus engineered to produce immune-boosting molecule


  • Heroin vaccine[46]

1.4. Vaccine Components

  • Adjuvant
  • List of vaccine ingredients
  • Preservative
  • Thiomersal
  • Vaccine types

1.5. Vaccine Trials

  • Vaccine trial

1.6. Vaccination Strategies

  • Pulse vaccination strategy
  • Ring vaccination
  • Cocooning (immunization)

1.7. Vaccine Safety

  • Adverse effect (medicine)
    • Adverse drug reaction
  • Artificial induction of immunity
  • Eczema vacinatum
  • Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
  • Vaccine injury
  • Vaccine Safety Datalink

2. People

2.1. Developers of Vaccines

  • Leila Denmark
  • Grace Eldering
  • John Franklin Enders
  • Thomas Francis, Jr.
  • Ian Frazer
  • Sarah Gilbert
  • Loney Gordon
  • Leonard Hayflick
  • Maurice Hilleman
  • Edward Jenner
  • Pearl Kendrick
  • Hilary Koprowski
  • Marshall Lightowlers
  • Paul Offit
  • Louis Pasteur
  • Stanley Plotkin
  • Albert Sabin
  • Jonas Salk
  • Max Theiler
  • Pablo DT Valenzuela
  • Jian Zhou

3. Organizations, Conferences and Publications




Bharat Biotech

  • BioMérieux
  • BioNTech
  • CSL Limited
  • Crucell
  • Eli Lilly
  • Emergent BioSolutions
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Intercell
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • MassBiologics, part of University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • MedImmune
  • Merck & Co.
  • Moderna
  • Novartis
  • Pfizer
  • Sanofi-Aventis
    • Sanofi Pasteur
  • Serum Institute of India
  • Sinopharm
  • Schering-Plough
  • Sinovac Biotech
  • Teva Pharmaceuticals


  • 2000 Simpsonwood CDC conference
  • American Academy of Pediatrics
  • Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations
  • Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists
  • Edward Jenner Institute for Vaccine Research
  • Every Child By Two
  • Emory University
  • Expanded Program on Immunization (Philippines)
  • GAVI Alliance
  • Immunization Alliance
  • International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
  • Israel Institute for Biological Research
  • March of Dimes
  • National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases
  • National Immunization Technical Advisory Group (NITAG)
    • Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
    • Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation
    • Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation
    • National Advisory Committee on Immunization
    • National Immunisation Advisory Committee
    • Standing Committee on Vaccination
  • Nature Reviews Immunology
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology
  • Pasteur Institute
  • Rotary International
  • Sabin Vaccine Institute
  • Strategic Advisory Group of Experts
  • Uganda Virus Research Institute
  • Vaccination Week In The Americas
  • World Immunization Week
  • Yerkes National Primate Research Center
Advocacy of anti-vaccination opinions


Generation Rescue

  • National Vaccine Information Center
  • SafeMinds
  • Australian Vaccination-Skeptics Network
  • National League for Liberty in Vaccination (France)

4. Legal Aspects

  • Project Bioshield Act
  • Biodefense and Pandemic Vaccine and Drug Development Act of 2005
  • National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act
  • Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act
  • Vaccine court
  • Vaccines for the New Millennium Act

5. Other

  • 2001 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth crisis
  • Active immunization
  • AIDS origins opposed to scientific consensus
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Antiviral drug
  • BCG disease outbreak in Finland in the 2000s
  • Bioterrorism
  • Clostridium vaccine
  • Controversies in autism
  • Death rates in the 20th century
  • Efficacy
  • Fill and finish
  • Flying syringe
  • Gamma globulin
  • Genetic engineering
  • Genetics
  • Herd immunity
  • History of medicine
  • History of science
  • Original antigenic sin
  • Host
  • Immortality
  • Immunization
  • Immunology
  • Immunostimulant
  • Inoculation
  • Intramuscular injection
  • Jehovah's Witnesses and blood transfusions
  • Lipid A
  • Live virus reference strain
  • Molecular virology
  • Naked DNA
  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Number needed to vaccinate
  • OPV AIDS hypothesis
  • Pet passport
  • Pharmacology
  • Poliomyelitis eradication
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis
  • Precautionary principle
  • Pregnancy
  • Prophylaxis
  • Public health
  • Quarantine
  • Recombinant DNA
  • Science and technology in the United States
  • Strategic National Stockpile
  • Superantigen
  • Thiomersal and vaccines
  • Timeline of vaccines
  • Toxoid
  • Travel medicine
  • United States and weapons of mass destruction
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccination policy
  • Vaccination schedule
  • Vaccinator
  • Vaccine
  • Vaccine controversies
  • Vaccine line jumping
  • Vaccine wastage
  • Vaccine-induced seropositivity
  • Viral shift
  • Virology
  • Virus-like particle
  • World AIDS Vaccine Day


  1. Enria, D. A.; Ambrosio, A. M.; Briggiler, A. M.; Feuillade, M. R.; Crivelli, E.; Study Group on Argentine Hemorrhagic Fever Vaccine (2010). "Candid#1 vaccine against Argentine hemorrhagic fever produced in Argentina. Immunogenicity and safety". Medicina 70 (3): 215–222. PMID 20529769. 
  2. Negrón, María E.; Kharod, Grishma A.; Bower, William A.; Walke, Henry (2019). "Notes from the Field: Human Brucella abortus RB51 Infections Caused by Consumption of Unpasteurized Domestic Dairy Products – United States, 2017–2019". MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 68 (7): 185. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6807a6. PMID 30789879. PMC 6385706. 
  3. Kuschner, R. A.; Russell, K. L.; Abuja, M.; Bauer, K. M.; Faix, D. J.; Hait, H.; Henrick, J.; Jacobs, M. et al. (2013). "A phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the safety and efficacy of the live, oral adenovirus type 4 and type 7 vaccine, in U.S. Military recruits". Vaccine 31 (28): 2963–2971. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.04.035. PMID 23623865.
  4. Kim, D. S.; Nam, J. H. (2010). "Characterization of attenuated coxsackievirus B3 strains and prospects of their application as live-attenuated vaccines". Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy 10 (2): 179–190. doi:10.1517/14712590903379502. PMID 20088713.
  5. Schleiss, M. R. (2008). "Cytomegalovirus vaccine development". Human Cytomegalovirus. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. 325. pp. 361–382. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77349-8_20. ISBN 978-3-540-77348-1.
  6. Docksai, Rick (31 May 2017). "DoD Vaccine Research Saves Military, Civilian Lives". US Department of Defense. 
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  9. Pullen, L.C. (November 7, 2011). "Epstein-Barr Virus Vaccine May Soon Enter Phase 3 Trial". Medscape Today. 
  10. "H5N1 Influenza Virus Vaccine, manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur, Inc. Questions and Answers". FDA. 12 April 2019.,to%20the%20H5N1%20influenza%20virus. 
  11. "Hepatitis C vaccine by Inovio could be tested in humans by end of year". Philadelphia Business Journal. January 9, 2013. 
  12. "Researchers a step closer to making HIV vaccine". Medical News Today. April 5, 2013. 
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  17. "Developing a vaccine against Nipah virus".,viruses%20in%20the%20same%20family.&text=Nipah%20virus%20is%20a%20type,transmitted%20from%20animals%20to%20humans.. 
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