Climate Change and IoT in Viticulture
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  • Release Date: 2021-09-07
  • climate change
  • Internet of Things
  • precision viticulture
Video Introduction

This video is adapted from 10.3390/su13158170

Known for its dry and semi-dry white wine, the Târnave vineyard located in central Transylvania is challenged by the current climate change, which has resulted in an increase of the period of active vegetation by approximately 15–20 days, the average annual temperature by 1–1.5 °C and also the amount of useful temperatures (useful thermal balance for the grapevine). Furthermore, the frost periods have been reduced. Transylvania is an important Romanian region for grapevine cultivation. In this context, one can use the climatic changes to expand their wine assortment by cultivating an autochthonous grapevine variety called Amurg. Amurg is a red grape cultivar homologated at SCDVV Blaj, which also homologated 7 cultivars and 11 clones. Because viticulture depends on the stability of meteorological and hydrological parameters of the growing area, its foundations are challenged by climate change. Grapevine production is a long time investment, taking at least five years before the freshly planted vines produce the desired quality berries. Researchers propose the implementation of a climate change-based precision viticulture turn-key solution for environmental monitoring in the Târnave vineyard. This solution aims to evaluate the grapevine’s micro-climate to extend the sustainable cultivation of the Amurg red grapes cultivar in Transylvania with the final goal of obtaining Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) rosé and red wines from this region. Worldwide, the changing conditions from the existing climate (a 30-year average), used in the past hundred years to dictate local standards, such as new and erratic trends of temperature and humidity regimes, late spring freezes, early fall frosts, storms, heatwaves, droughts, area wildfires, and insect infestations, would create dynamic problems for all farmers to thrive. These conditions will make it challenging to predict shifts in each of the components of seasonal weather conditions.

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Chedea, V. Climate Change and IoT in Viticulture. Encyclopedia. Available online: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/91 (accessed on 13 April 2024).
Chedea V. Climate Change and IoT in Viticulture. Encyclopedia. Available at: https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/91. Accessed April 13, 2024.
Chedea, Veronica. "Climate Change and IoT in Viticulture" Encyclopedia, https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/91 (accessed April 13, 2024).
Chedea, V. (2021, September 07). Climate Change and IoT in Viticulture. In Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/video/video_detail/91
Chedea, Veronica. "Climate Change and IoT in Viticulture." Encyclopedia. Web. 07 September, 2021.