Virtual Power Plants (VPPs)
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  • Release Date: 08 Apr 2022
  • Virtual Power Plants
  • Distributed generation
  • Distributed energy resources
  • Aggregator
  • Smart grid
Video Introduction

This video is adapted from 10.3390/en15030775

The Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is a feasible alternative for the integration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) in the Electrical Power System (EPS). It controls the operational management and allows the commercial participation of each generation unit, regardless of its capacity, geographic location or grid voltage level. 

The main objective of VPPs is to increase the visibility of DERs to the system operator, and to allow small plants to commercialize their energy and even to offer power and ancillary services for the stability of the grid.  In this paper, we contrasted the theoretical VPP concepts with the results obtained in several projects developed around the world, demonstrating VPPs’efficiency in guaranteeing flexibility to the EPS.

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Sarmiento-Vintimilla, J.; Torres, E.; Larruskain, M.; Pérez Molina, M.J. Virtual Power Plants (VPPs). Encyclopedia. Available online: (accessed on 01 December 2023).
Sarmiento-Vintimilla J, Torres E, Larruskain M, Pérez Molina MJ. Virtual Power Plants (VPPs). Encyclopedia. Available at: Accessed December 01, 2023.
Sarmiento-Vintimilla, Juan, Esther Torres, Marene Larruskain, María José Pérez Molina. "Virtual Power Plants (VPPs)" Encyclopedia, (accessed December 01, 2023).
Sarmiento-Vintimilla, J., Torres, E., Larruskain, M., & Pérez Molina, M.J.(2022, April 08). Virtual Power Plants (VPPs). In Encyclopedia.
Sarmiento-Vintimilla, Juan, et al. "Virtual Power Plants (VPPs)." Encyclopedia. Web. 08 April, 2022.