Abrasive Waterjet Machining
Abrasive Waterjet Machining (AWJM) is considered a viable alternative to conventional machining processes, due to its capability of rendering even complex features on parts with high productivity. However, it is currently also important for manufacturing processes to comply with the various aspects of sustainability, by putting emphasis on the environmental dimension apart from the economic. Although AWJM generally is considered an inherently environmentally friendly process, it is required that thorough experimental studies be carried out to evaluate the sustainability of AWJM under various conditions.
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2. Sustainability Assessment in Manufacturing
- (1) Categories and indicators of sustainability are defined. Indicators which are not useful or do not have a noticeable effect for the specific system are not included.
- (2) The values of all indicators are properly normalized in order to eliminate any artificially created relatively higher influence of some indicators due to their absolute values.
- (3) The indicators of each category are assigned weights according to their importance towards the final goal.
- (4) An aggregation procedure is carried out, using scores and weights of each category to calculate an overall sustainability score.
- (5) Finally, the sustainability scores of all assessed processes are compared.
This entry is adapted from 10.3390/su13168917
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