Lawrence Hunter: History
Please note this is an old version of this entry, which may differ significantly from the current revision.
Subjects: Others
  • pharmacology
  • semantic integration
  • knowledge resources

Basic Information

Lawrence Hunter
Name: Lawrence Hunter
(Jan 1961–)
United States
Title: Professor of Computer Science
Affiliations: University of Colorado School of Medicine George Mason University
Honor: ISCB Fellow (2010)

1. Introduction

Lawrence E. Hunter is a Professor and Director of the Center for Computational Pharmacology and of the Computational Bioscience Program at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and Professor of Computer Science at the University of Colorado Boulder.[1] He is an internationally known scholar,[2][3] focused on computational biology, knowledge-driven extraction of information from the primary biomedical literature,[4] the semantic integration of knowledge resources in molecular biology, and the use of knowledge in the analysis of high-throughput data, as well as for his foundational work in computational biology, which led to the genesis of the major professional organization in the field and two international conferences.[5]

2. Education

Hunter completed his PhD at Yale University in 1989 with a thesis on Knowledge Acquisition Planning: Gaining Expertise Through Experience, on diagnosis of lung cancer from histological images using Case-based reasoning,[6] under the guidance of Roger Schank.[7]

3. Career and Research

Faced with a choice between careers in the main applications of artificial intelligence---game programming and defense work—Hunter chose to create a new discipline, bioinformatics. From 1989 to 2000, Hunter worked as a computer scientist and section chief for National Institutes of Health sections devoted to statistical and bioinformatic research. He was an adjunct faculty member at George Mason University from 1991 through 2000 and an associate professor in the University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine from 2000 to 2008. He was promoted to professor in 2008.[8]

3.1. ISCB

In 1997, Hunter founded what has become the largest professional organization in computational biology and bioinformatics, the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB).[9]

3.2. Conferences

Hunter was also a founder of three successful international conferences in bioinformatics, the International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB) and the Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB)[10] and the Rocky Mountain Bioinformatics Conference.[11] He is also a co-organizer of the biological visualization conference Vizbi.[12] Hunter cofounded and was a member of the Board of Directors of the Molecular Mining Corporation from 1997 to 2003.

3.3. Awards, Honors and Influence

Hunter is a Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics and the winner of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) 2003 Engelmore Prize for Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence.

Hunter is credited with being one of the founders of the field of bioinformatics. Throughout his career Hunter has researched and directed research groups investigating the development and application of advanced computational techniques for biomedicine to high-throughput assays, particularly the application of statistical and knowledge-based techniques, in particular bio-ontologies,[13] to the analysis of high-throughput data and of biomedical texts. He has proposed neurobiologically and evolutionarily informed computational models of cognition, and ethical issues related to computational bioscience. He has argued for expansion data science activities in biomedicine to include knowledge-based methods.[14]

He became an ISCB Fellow in 2010. Other awards and honors include Regent's Award for Scholarship and Technical Achievement 1994 Meritorious Service Award, National Library of Medicine, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 Excellence in Research Award, University of Colorado School of Medicine Department of Pharmacology, 2007 Excellence in Teaching Award, University of Colorado School of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, 2004.

3.4. Publications

Selected publications include:

  • Rindflesch, T.; Tanabe, L.; Weinstein, J.; Hunter, L. (2000). "EDGAR: Extraction of drugs, genes and relations from the biomedical literature". Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing: 517–528. doi:10.1142/9789814447331_0049. ISBN 978-981-02-4188-9. PMID 10902199. 
  • Schank, R. C.; Collins, G. C.; Hunter, L. E. (1986). "Transcending inductive category formation in learning". Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4): 639. doi:10.1017/S0140525X00051578. 
  • Rindflesch, T. C.; Rajan, J. V.; Hunter, L. (2000). "Extracting molecular binding relationships from biomedical text". Proceedings of the sixth conference on Applied natural language processing -. pp. 188–195. doi:10.3115/974147.974173. 
  • Planning to learn The Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston, MA., July 1990, pp. 26–34, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ. in.[15]
  • Hunter, Lawrence (1993). Artificial intelligence and molecular biology. Menlo Park, Calif: AAAI Press. ISBN 978-0-262-58115-8. 
  • Baumgartner, W. A.; Cohen, K. B.; Fox, L. M.; Acquaah-Mensah, G.; Hunter, L. (2007). "Manual curation is not sufficient for annotation of genomic databases". Bioinformatics 23 (13): i41–i48. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btm229. PMID 17646325. 
  • Hunter, L.; Lu, Z.; Firby, J.; Baumgartner Jr, W. A.; Johnson, H. L.; Ogren, P. V.; Cohen, K. B. (2008). "OpenDMAP: An open source, ontology-driven concept analysis engine, with applications to capturing knowledge regarding protein transport, protein interactions and cell-type-specific gene expression". BMC Bioinformatics 9: 78. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-9-78. PMID 18237434. 
  • Leach, S. M.; Tipney, H.; Feng, W.; Baumgartner, W. A.; Kasliwal, P.; Schuyler, R. P.; Williams, T.; Spritz, R. A. et al. (2009). Miyano, Satoru. ed. "Biomedical Discovery Acceleration, with Applications to Craniofacial Development". PLoS Computational Biology 5 (3): e1000215. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000215. PMID 19325874. Bibcode: 2009PLSCB...5E0215L. 
  • Hunter, Lawrence (2009). The processes of life: an introduction to molecular biology. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN:0-262-01305-3.[8]

The content is sourced from:

Further Reading
In this part, we encourage you to list the link of papers wrote by the character, or published reviews/articles about his/her academic contributions.


  1. "Lawrence Hunter, Ph.D.". Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  2. {{Google Scholar id}} template missing ID and not present in Wikidata.
  3. {{DBLP}} template missing ID and not present in Wikidata.
  4. Hunter, L.; Cohen, K. B. (2006). "Biomedical Language Processing: What's Beyond PubMed?". Molecular Cell 21 (5): 589–594. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2006.02.012. PMID 16507357.
  5. "A pioneer with personality: Larry Hunter, founder of the International Society for Computational Biology". Bioinformatics World: 6. Autumn 2002. 
  6. Gibson, Todd A. (2012). "The Roots of Bioinformatics in ISMB". PLoS Computational Biology 8 (8): e1002679. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002679. PMID 22952443. Bibcode: 2012PLSCB...8E2679G.
  7. Hunter, Lawrence E. (1989). Knowledge acquisition planning: Gaining expertise through experience (PhD thesis). Yale University. hdl:10079/bibid/9838922. OCLC 24116492. ProQuest 303852846. //
  8. Hunter, Lawrence (2009). The processes of life: an introduction to molecular biology. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-01305-5. 
  9. "Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. June 28-July 1, 1998". Proceedings. International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology 6: 1–223. 1998. PMID 9867411.
  10. "Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology. ISMB-96". Proceedings. International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology 4: 1–262. 1996. PMID 9005023.
  11. "Rocky 09 - Welcome!". Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  12. O'Donoghue, Sean. "VIZBI - Visualizing Biological Data". Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  13. Livingston, Kevin M.; Bada, Michael; Baumgartner, William A.; Hunter, Lawrence E. (2015-04-23). "KaBOB: ontology-based semantic integration of biomedical databases". BMC Bioinformatics 16: 126. doi:10.1186/s12859-015-0559-3. ISSN 1471-2105. PMID 25903923.
  14. Hunter, Lawrence E. (2017). "Knowledge-based biomedical Data Science". EPJ Data Science 1 (1–2): 19–25. doi:10.3233/DS-170001. ISSN 2193-1127. PMID 30294517.
  15. Leake, David B.; Ram, Ashwin (1995). Goal-driven learning. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-18165-5. 
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