The BrIdge voLcanic LIdar—BILLI: History
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Volcanologists have demonstrated that carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes are precursors of volcanic eruptions. Controlling volcanic gases and, in particular, the CO2 flux, is technically challenging, but we can retrieve useful information from magmatic/geological process studies for the mitigation of volcanic hazards including air traffic security. Existing techniques used to probe volcanic gas fluxes have severe limitations such as the requirement of near-vent in situ measurements, which is unsafe for operators and deleterious for equipment. In order to overcome these limitations, a novel range-resolved DIAL-Lidar (Differential Absorption Light Detection and Ranging) has been developed as part of the ERC (European Research Council) Project “BRIDGE”, for sensitive, remote, and safe real-time CO2 observations.

  • volcanic eruptions
  • volcanic plumes
  • CO2 flux
  • laser remote sensing
  • lidar (light detection and ranging)
  • DIAL-Lidar
  • data processing techniques
  • gas concentration retrieval
  • wind measurement by correlation technique

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This entry is adapted from the peer-reviewed paper 10.3390/app10186402

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