Hans Joachim Schellnhuber: Comparison
Please note this is a comparison between Version 1 by Catherine Yang and Version 3 by Catherine Yang.
  • pik
  • wbgu
  • climate

1. Introduction

Hans Joachim "John" Schellnhuber (born 7 June 1950)[1][2] is a German atmospheric physicist, climatologist and founding director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) and former chair of the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU).[3]

2. Education

Schellnhuber studied mathematics and physics, obtaining a doctorate in theoretical physics from the University of Regensburg in 1980,[4] followed in 1985 by habilitation (qualification for office) in theoretical physics at the University of Oldenburg. In 1981, he became a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of Theoretical Physics (ITP) at the University of California, Santa Barbara, working across the corridor from its director Walter Kohn, who became one of his academic supervisors.[5]

3. Career

Schellnhuber during the MSC 2019. https://handwiki.org/wiki/index.php?curid=1224182

Originally interested in solid state physics and quantum mechanics, Schellnhuber became drawn to complex systems and nonlinearity or chaos theory.[5] As a full professor for theoretical physics and then director at the Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment at Oldenburg University, he was involved in analysing the structure of ocean currents.[6]

In 1991, he was called upon to create the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), and became its director in 1993 – making it grow from zero to one of the world's most renowned climate research institutes with today more than 300 employees following an interdisciplinary approach.[7]

As early as 1995 Schellnhuber proposed the 2 °C guardrail for global warming which was adopted first by the German government and the European Union and then, following the Copenhagen accord in 2009, as a global target by governments worldwide.[8][9][10]

From 2001–2005 Schellnhuber served as research director of the Tyndall Centre in England and became a visiting professor at the University of Oxford.[11][12]

Schellnhuber has been professor at the University of Potsdam, Germany,[13] and an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute in the US.[14]

As a long-standing member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[4] which was jointly awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, Schellnhuber has been a coordinating lead author of the synthesis chapter of Working Group II of the IPCC's Third Assessment Report. He has warned of dire consequences of continued global warming[15] As an expert[16] on climatological tipping points, he is a public speaker on the subject.[15][17][18][19][20]

In 2017, Schellnhuber said that unless climate action is taken by 2020, the world "may be fatally wounded."[21]

4. Achievements

Schellnhuber has helped create numerous iconic concepts such as the analysis of tipping elements in the climate system,[5][22][23] the burning embers,[24][25] and the budget approach for emissions.[26]

5. Honors

In 2002, Schellnhuber received the Royal Society's Wolfson Research Merit Award[27] In 2004 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II appointed him to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).[28] In 2005, the National Academy of Sciences (US) appointed him as a member.[29] He was awarded the German Environment Prize in 2007. In that same year, he was elected a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.[30]

In 2011, he was the first German to receive the Volvo Environment Prize, which is the highest-ranking award in the field of environmental sciences worldwide.[31] He was honoured with the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (first class) as well[32] and holds honorary doctorates from Copenhagen University[33] and Technical University of Berlin.[34]

In 2007, Schellnhuber started "A Nobel Cause – Nobel Laureate Symposium Series on Global Sustainability" in Potsdam, bringing together Nobel Laureates from all disciplines with leading sustainability scientists.[35] In 2009, this event took place in London and in 2011 in Stockholm, where the UN general secretary's High Level Panel on Sustainability came to the meeting to receive a memorandum that was fed into the Rio+20 conference in 2012.[36]

In 2017, Schellnhuber was awarded the Blue Planet Prize of the Asahi Glass Foundation. [37]

6. Civic Involvement and Service

As one of the leading climate scientists worldwide, he has been a consultant to the former President of the European Union Commission, José Manuel Barroso.[38] In 2007, he was appointed Chief Government Advisor on Climate and Related Issues during Germany's EU Council Presidency and G8 Presidency.[39] Schellnhuber offers scientific insights to business leaders, as a member of the Climate Change Advisory Board of Deutsche Bank[40] and chair of the governing board of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology's Climate Knowledge and Innovation Communities (EIT Climate KIC).[41] In 2012, he was the lead-author of a report commissioned by the World Bank[4] on possible impacts of a 4 degrees Celsius warming towards the end of the 21st century.[42] This report received a lot of attention worldwide.[43][44] That same year, Schellnhuber presented the keynote at the gala dinner that opened the high-level segment of the world climate summit COP18 in Doha, Qatar.[45] In the presence of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon and UNFCCC's boss Christiana Figueres, a few days later Schellnhuber signed an agreement with the Qatar Foundation to jointly create a Climate change research institute in Qatar – a remarkable step as the country's wealth for decades had been based on exporting fossil fuels.[46][47]

In 2013, Schellnhuber was one of 18 prominent international scientists to launch the Earth League, a global interdisciplinary alliance of leading research institutes that focus on Earth system analysis and sustainability science, including economy.[48] UN Security Council members Pakistan and UK asked him to speak at a meeting of the Council under the Arria Formula, the meeting at the UN headquarter in New York was attended by UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon.[49] In the runup of the world climate summit in Warsaw, Schellnhuber discussed possible ways forward with the president of Cop19, the Polish Minister of the Environment Marcin Korolec.[50] To advance the state of science, Schellnhuber initiated the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP) that involves more than 30 research teams from 12 countries.[51] In 2013, the scientific journal Nature called it the "first comprehensive global-impact project" – it aims at identifying robust insights as well as research gaps, based on a yet unprecedentedly broad comparison of computer simulations of future climate change impacts such as water scarcity, floodings, or yield changes.[52][53] In 2013, Schellnhuber's efforts resulted in the Impacts World Conference in Potsdam[54] followed by a special feature on first ISI-MIP results in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Schellnhuber has been serving as chair of the Climate-KIC (Knowledge and Innovation Community) governing board, which is affiliated to the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT).[55] This institution aims at fostering low-carbon entrepreneurship and innovation.

Schellnhuber signed the Potsdam Denkschrift calling for a change in thinking to enable sustainable development. The German magazine Cicero in 2012 ranked him amongst the 500 most important German intellectuals.[56]

7. Personal Life

He is married to Margret Boysen.[57]

8. Publications

Schellnhuber has published more than 250 scientific papers and has authored, co-authored, or edited 50 books or book chapters.[58]

  • Schellnhuber, H.; Obermair, G. (1980). "First-Principles Calculation of Diamagnetic Band Structure". Physical Review Letters 45 (4): 276–279. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.45.276. Bibcode: 1980PhRvL..45..276S. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J., Crutzen, P.J., Clark, W.C., Claussen, M. and Held, H. (Eds.) (2004). Earth System Analysis for Sustainability. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, London, UK
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. and Wenzel V. (1998). Earth System Analysis: Integrating Science for Sustainability. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. et al. (Eds.) (2006). Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK Lenton, T. M.; Held, H.; Kriegler, E.; Hall, J. W.; Lucht, W.; Rahmstorf, S.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2008). "Inaugural Article: Tipping elements in the Earth's climate system". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105 (6): 1786–1793. doi:10.1073/pnas.0705414105. PMID 18258748. Bibcode: 2008PNAS..105.1786L. 
  • Lenton, T. M.; Held, H.; Kriegler, E.; Hall, J. W.; Lucht, W.; Rahmstorf, S.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2008). "Inaugural Article: Tipping elements in the Earth's climate system". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105 (6): 1786–1793. doi:10.1073/pnas.0705414105. PMID 18258748. Bibcode: 2008PNAS..105.1786L. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. et al. (2009). Solving the climate dilemma: The budget approach. WBGU Special Report, WBGU, Berlin
  • Hall, J.; Held, H.; Dawson, R.; Kriegler, E.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2009). "Imprecise probability assessment of tipping points in the climate system". PNAS 106 (13): 5041–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.0809117106. PMID 19289827. Bibcode: 2009PNAS..106.5041K. 
  • Rockström, J. (2009). "A safe operating space for humanity". Nature 461 (7263): 472–5. doi:10.1038/461472a. PMID 19779433. Bibcode: 2009Natur.461..472R. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. (2009). "Tipping elements in the Earth System". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (49): 20561–20563. doi:10.1073/pnas.0911106106. PMID 19995979. Bibcode: 2009PNAS..10620561S. 
  • Reid, W. V.; Chen, D.; Goldfarb, L.; Hackmann, H.; Lee, Y. T.; Mokhele, K.; Ostrom, E.; Raivio, K. et al. (2010). "Earth System Science for Global Sustainability: Grand Challenges". Science 330 (6006): 916–7. doi:10.1126/science.1196263. PMID 21071651. Bibcode: 2010Sci...330..916R. https://semanticscholar.org/paper/00058c8e56f9948fa5ead730f78a44149dc10c01. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J, Molina, M., Stern, N., Huber, V. and Kadner, S. (Eds.) (2010). Global Sustainability – A Nobel Cause. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. (2010). "The road from Copenhagen: the expert's views". Nature Climate Change 1 (1002): 15–17. doi:10.1038/climate.2010.09. 
  • Gleick, P. H. (2010). "Climate Change and the Integrity of Science". Science 328 (5979): 689–90. doi:10.1126/science.328.5979.689. PMID 20448167. Bibcode: 2010Sci...328..689G. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. (2010). "Tragic Triumph". Climatic Change 100 (1): 229. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9838-1. Bibcode: 2010ClCh..100..229S. 
  • Kropp, J. P. and Schellnhuber, H. J. (Eds.) (2011). In Extremis: Disruptive Events and Trends in Climate and Hydrology. Springer Verlag, Berlin
  • Richardson, K., Steffen, W., Liverman, D., et al. (including Schellnhuber, H. J.) (2011). Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • Hofmann, M.; Worm, B.; Rahmstorf, S.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2011). "Declining ocean chlorophyll under unabated anthropogenic CO2 emissions". Environ. Res. Lett. 6 (3): 034035. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034035. Bibcode: 2011ERL.....6c4035H. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. (2011). "Vorwärts zur Natur". Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung 17: 28. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. et al. (2011). World in Transition – A Social Contract for Sustainability. WBGU Report, WBGU, Berlin Schellnhuber, H. J. (2011). "Geoengineering: The good, the MAD, and the sensible". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (51): 20277–20278. doi:10.1073/pnas.1115966108. PMID 22160718. Bibcode: 2011PNAS..10820277S. 
  • Hofmann, M.; Worm, B.; Rahmstorf, S.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2011). "Declining ocean chlorophyll under unabated anthropogenic CO2emissions". Environmental Research Letters 6 (3): 034035. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034035. Bibcode: 2011ERL.....6c4035H. 
  • Donges, J. F.; Donner, R. V.; Trauth, M. H.; Marwan, N.; Schellnhuber, H.J.; Kurths, J. (2011). "Nonlinear detection of paleoclimate-variability transitions possibly related to human evolution". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (51): 20422–20427. doi:10.1073/pnas.1117052108. PMID 22143765. Bibcode: 2011PNAS..10820422D. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J. (2011). "Geoengineering: The good, the MAD, and the sensible". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (51): 20277–20278. doi:10.1073/pnas.1115966108. PMID 22160718. Bibcode: 2011PNAS..10820277S. 
  • Kundzewicz, Z. W. et al. (including Schellnhuber, H. J.) (2012). Changes in Flood Risks – Setting the Stage. In Kundzewicz, Z. W. (Ed.) (2012). Changes in Flood Risks in Europe. IAHS Press, Oxfordshire, UK, 11
  • Schellnhuber, H.J., Hare, W., Serdeczny, O. et al. (2012). Turn Down the Heat – Why a 4 °C Warmer World Must be Avoided. A Report commissioned by The World Bank[59]
  • Olonscheck, D.; Hofmann, M.; Worm, B.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2013). "Decomposing the effects of ocean warming on chlorophyllaconcentrations into physically and biologically driven contributions". Environmental Research Letters 8 (1): 014043. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014043. Bibcode: 2013ERL.....8a4043O. 
  • Ludescher, J.; Gozolchiani, A.; Bogachev, M. I.; Bunde, A.; Havlin, S.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2013). "Improved El Nino forecasting by cooperativity detection". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (29): 11742–11745. doi:10.1073/pnas.1309353110. PMID 23818627. Bibcode: 2013PNAS..11011742L. 
  • Ludescher, J.; Gozolchiani, A.; Bogachev, M. I.; Bunde, A.; Havlin, S.; Schellnhuber, H. J. (2013). "Improved El Nino forecasting by cooperativity detection". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (29): 11742–11745. doi:10.1073/pnas.1309353110. PMID 23818627. Bibcode: 2013PNAS..11011742L. 
  • Piontek, F.; Muller, C.; Pugh, T. A. M.; Clark, D. B.; Deryng, D.; Elliott, J.; Colon Gonzalez, F. D. J.; Florke, M. et al. (2013). "Multisectoral climate impact hotspots in a warming world". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (9): 3233–3238. doi:10.1073/pnas.1222471110. PMID 24344270. Bibcode: 2014PNAS..111.3233P. 
  • Schellnhuber, H. J.; Frieler, K.; Kabat, P. (2013). "The elephant, the blind, and the intersectoral intercomparison of climate impacts". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (9): 3225–3227. doi:10.1073/pnas.1321791111. PMID 24347641. Bibcode: 2014PNAS..111.3225S. 
  • Rockström, Johan (2017). "A roadmap for rapid decarbonization". Science 355 (6331): 1269–1271. doi:10.1126/science.aah3443. PMID 28336628. Bibcode: 2017Sci...355.1269R. http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/id/eprint/14498/1/Rockstr%C3%B6mEtAl_2017_Science_A%20roadmap%20for%20rapid%20decarbonization.pdf. 
  • Steffen (2018). "Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene". PNAS 115 (33): 8252–8259. doi:10.1073/pnas.1810141115. PMID 30082409. Bibcode: 2018PNAS..115.8252S. 

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