Climate change is a serious threat to the sustainability of global agriculture and food supply that necessitates taking appropriate action for building resilient food production systems and preserving rural economies. In this regard, farmers’ beliefs and concerns about the effects of climate change on agriculture may influence their adoption of adaptation and mitigation practices to address this emerging issue.
|Increased appearance of weeds
|Increased insect pressure
|Anthropogenic activities are causing climate change.
|There is no climate change.
|Awareness meetings with the farming community.
|Nature is causing climate change.
|Field days for showing technology related to climate change adaptation.
|Higher incidence of crop diseases
|Increased soil erosion
|Increased heat stress on crops
|Lack of concrete evidence that climate change is happening.
|On-farm demonstrations for enhancing farmers’ skills.
|Increased saturated soils and ponded water
|Both nature and anthropogenic activities are behind climate change.
|Farmer-to-farmer extension approach.
|Farmers’ training on post-harvest food management.
|Weather forecast alerts.
|Use of farmer field school extension approaches for developing farmers’ problem-solving skills.
|Building a viable link between smallholder farmers and agricultural research bodies.
|Capacity building of the extension personnel.
|Employment of ICT tools for improving the delivery of extension services and products.