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Topic review
Updated time: 19 Jul 2021
Submitted by: Karol Król
Definition: The word “borderland” has many meanings; however, it is most often considered from the geographical and sociological, or, in other words, spatial and cultural perspective. The borderland is an area or a territory located near the border or far away from the centre. Within the borderland, socio-cultural contact takes place between various nations or ethnic groups. This is where the “new people and their culture” are formed. A borderland is sometimes precisely delimited, e.g., based on natural objects such as rivers or mountain ranges, or on administrative attributes. It is, however, most frequently determined on the basis of settlement geography. Its actual area and range are determined by migrations, colonisation, and cultural diversity of its inhabitants .
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Topic review
Updated time: 09 Jul 2021
Submitted by: Szemerédi Eszter
Definition: A special historical feature of Central and Eastern Europe is that, during the formation of national borders, many areas with ethnically diverse populations came under the jurisdiction of other nation states as regions inhabited by minority nationalities. The European Union has inherited many of these historically cohesive cultural and ethnic areas in the course of its eastern enlargement. For a long time, the aim of national borders was to separate national territories from one another, but due to the European Union’s integrative approach, the number of examples of cross-border cooperation is steadily growing. One of the main driving forces of the European Union is to turn the dividing borders into connecting borders by strengthening the cohesion between states and regions, thus, encouraging regions to remedy the existing ethnic and cultural fragmentation by increasing the intensity and number of cross-border contacts. Through these, the EU intends to enhance cross-border integration, which is necessary for enhanced integration at the European level. Cross-border development of tourist destinations can play a significant role in this process.
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Others
Updated time: 28 Sep 2021
Submitted by: chandra Setiawan
Abstract: Destination image and city branding are accumulating a growing body of knowledge in urban studies and tourism literature. Although several visitor destination image models have been proposed, the most prevalent in Asia remains the comprehensive destination image model. This is the first research to test the applicability of this model beyond the United States and with international (rather than domestic) visitors. Jakarta is chosen as the geographical test area for this study, which incorporates structural equation modeling on a data sample of international leisure visitors in Jakarta. The findings indicate that the destination image model could be generalized beyond the US and applied to Jakarta. This study finds that tourism policymakers in Jakarta should focus on promoting the friendliness of local residents and improving the city’s cleanliness, as these are the two most positive and negative perceptions. Overall, this study showed that a unique destination image—a largely under-researched topic in place branding—is a variable that should be considered when formulating the overall place image of city destinations around the world.
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Topic review
Updated time: 16 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Devindi Geekiyanage
Definition: Despite the fact that vulnerable communities are the most affected by unplanned cities, considerably less attention has been given to involving them in urban development in order to ensure equitable outcomes. In this regard, there is an urgent need for governments to introduce and enforce processes that allow citizens, including vulnerable communities, to participate in development planning and policymaking. However, at present, there is a lack of guidance for practitioners regarding the definition of a clear purpose of community engagement and the selection of appropriate participatory methods to fulfil the set purpose.This study provides a thorough account of theparticipatory methods that can be used to achieve various engagement goals throughout the urbandevelopment process. This structured literature review used 71 reports published from 2000 to 2020.The review revealed 34 participatory methods, wherein most of the methods are devoted to informing,consulting and involving communities, whilst only a few methods are available for interactive publicparticipation that supports true collaboration and empowerment. The study identified 12 purposesof community engagement in urban development, and mapped the 34 participatory methods forachieving them. The analysed case studies showed that the current community engagement practicesare mainly in the pre-design and briefing stages of the urban development processes, and that mostprojects are aiming to achieve the ‘inform’ and ‘consult’ levels of engagement, with a few aiming toachieve the ‘involve’ and ‘collaborate’ levels. This study shows that community engagement is oftenoverlooked during the professional design, development and post-development phases. The paperpresents an onion model which can be used by practitioners to choose appropriate participatorymethods based on the intended urban development phase, the engagement level and the purpose ofthe community engagement.
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Topic review
Updated time: 21 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Sandra Ricart
Definition: Water scarcity, defined as long-term water imbalances occurring when the level of water demand exceeds natural water availability and supply capacity, is expected to pose high risks to both societies and economies in the next decade.
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