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Topic review
Updated time: 05 May 2021
Submitted by: Luiz Oliveira
Definition: Agricultural robotics aims to overcome the challenges imposed by population growth, accelerated urbanization, high competitiveness of high-quality products, environmental preservation and a lack of qualified labor. The main existing applications of agricultural robotic systems are for the execution of land preparation before planting, sowing, planting, plant treatment, harvesting, yield estimation and phenotyping.
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Topic review
Updated time: 28 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Eduardo Navas Merlo
Definition: Agriculture 4.0 is transforming farming livelihoods thanks to the development and adoption of technologies such as artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things and robotics, traditionally used in other productive sectors. Soft robotics and soft grippers in particular are promising approaches to lead to new solutions in this field due to the need to meet hygiene and manipulation requirements in unstructured environments and in operation with delicate products. Soft grippers are those end-effectors that use materials and actuation methods that are soft, flexible and compliant and that enable the holding of an object to be manipulated. In this context, soft technologies can be defined as the set of theories, techniques and procedures that enable key functions of soft robotic grippers, such as actuation, gripping and shape control methods.
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Topic review
Updated time: 03 Aug 2021
Submitted by: Shiyao Li
Definition: Compliant continuum robots (CCRs) are usually made of elastic materials, including nitinol alloy (NiTi), silicone, rubberand polyamide, etc. They are designed to be slender, i.e., low diameter to length ratio. CCRs have been widely employed in a constraint environment to manipulate tasks, such as minimally invasive cardiac surgery, orthopaedic surgery, endoscopic surgery, bariatric surgeryand the inspection of gas turbine engines, in-situ aero-engine maintenance works.
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Videos
Updated time: 13 Oct 2021
Submitted by: robert woolley
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Topic review
Updated time: 23 Jun 2021
Definition: Robotics is a disruptive technology that will change diagnostics and treatment protocols in dental medicine. Robots can perform repeated workflows for an indefinite length of time while enhancing the overall quality and quantity of patient care. Early robots required a human operator, but robotic systems have advanced significantly over the past decade, and the latest medical robots can perform patient intervention or remote monitoring autonomously. However, little research data on the therapeutic reliability and precision of autonomous robots are available. The present paper reviews the promise and practice of robots in dentistry by evaluating published work on commercial robot systems in dental implantology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, prosthetic and restorative dentistry, endodontics, orthodontics, oral radiology as well as dental education.
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Topic review
Updated time: 16 Apr 2021
Definition: Educational Robotics arose, developed, and flourished at the crossroads of educational science and computer science to serve and contribute to both scientific fields. The research questions raised through Educational Robotics, implemented by activities designed by the theory of constructionism, concentrate on the creation of computational thinking skills, collaborative learning, and project-based learning, taking into account the social nature of the student-robot relationship. Programming skills, sequencing, scripting, and algorithmic thinking are the primary goals of ER. Furthermore, as an essential branch of educational technology, the ER area of study improves conventional teaching methods' quality and efficacy while also introducing pedagogical changes to enhance education.
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Topic review
Updated time: 29 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Luiz Oliveira
Definition: Forest Robotics means robots can be applied in the forestry area. They are divided into the following subsections: environmental preservation and monitoring; wildfire firefighting; inventory operations; and forest planting, pruning and harvesting.
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Videos
Updated time: 06 Jul 2021
Topic review
Updated time: 31 Mar 2021
Submitted by: DE JONG YEONG
Definition: With the significant advancement of sensor and communication technology and the reliable application of obstacle detection techniques and algorithms, automated driving is becoming a pivotal technology that can revolutionize the future of transportation and mobility. Sensors are fundamental to the perception of vehicle surroundings in an automated driving system, and the use and performance of multiple integrated sensors can directly determine the safety and feasibility of automated driving vehicles.
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Topic review
Updated time: 29 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Eduardo Navas Merlo
Definition: Smart and precise agriculture has increasingly been developed in the last decade, and with that, the idea of optimizing the tools commonly used in this field for harvesting tasks. One way to improve these devices, particularly cutting tools conceived for harvesting purposes, is to measure the shear energy consumption required for a particular plant. The proposed methodology aims to establish both a design criterion for cutting grippers and a quantifiable way to evaluate and classify a harvesting tool for a specific crop.
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