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Topic review
Updated time: 19 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Benedetta Esposito
Definition: Definition given the complexity of the sector, each supply chain has some peculiarities that require suitable tools. For this reason, it is difficult to identify a common tool for the implementation of circular practices. However, the use of a shared assessment tool should enable comparison of circular performances and practices among the different stages and supply chains and involving all the actors of the AFS. This collaborative approach is required both vertically (among the stages of the supply chain) and horizontally (among the different supply chains) in order to catalyse the transition towards circular business models and to efficiently implement circular practices.
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Topic review
Updated time: 19 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Zhaolin Cheng
Definition: Traveler's optimal route choice is impacted by air pollution.
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Topic review
Updated time: 15 Mar 2021
Submitted by: Ruth Banomyong
Definition: The reviewed multimodal transport cost model is based on a relatively simple framework but demonstrates that other existing models of modal choice, multimodal transport and inventory location all oversimplify the transport process.
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Topic review
Updated time: 18 Jun 2021
Submitted by: Scott Dwyer
Definition: Electric vehicle (EV) adoption is growing worldwide with increasing market pull from consumers and market push from manufacturers of vehicles and charging equipment, as well as others in the supply chain. Governments have begun developing policies to support EV uptake and local governments, in particular, are examining what role they should play. In Australia, a large country with low population density, EV uptake has been slower in comparison to other similar economies.
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Topic review
Updated time: 01 Nov 2020
Submitted by: Marta Maria Sesana
Definition: According to its strategic long-term vision, Europe wants to be a climate-neutral economy by 2050 and buildings represent a sector with low-cost opportunities for high-level CO2 reduction. The main challenge is to increase the renovation rate of the existing building stock, which currently is around 1.2%/year. The ALliance for Deep RENovation (ALDREN) project developed a Holistic and reliable European Voluntary Certification Scheme to trigger deep renovation of non-residential buildings. The ALDREN approach is composed by a sum of protocols and tools with the goal of encouraging property owners to undertake renovation of existing buildings using a clear, robust, and comparable method using coherent and harmonized instruments, the so called ALDREN EPC and ALDREN Building Renovation Passport for non-residential buildings.
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Topic review
Updated time: 27 Oct 2020
Submitted by: Zhi-xue Zheng
Definition: The definition of Carbon Emission Intensity (CEI) according to the INDCs is "the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP". As defined, CEI is an emission reduction indicator that takes into account environmental protection and economic development, which has important reference significance for the emission reduction work of developing countries.
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Topic review
Updated time: 17 Jun 2021
Submitted by: Jon Golden
Definition: Pre-exposure prophylaxis, when taken appropriately, is an effective and well-tolerated option to assist in prevention of HIV transmission. This medication has been tested in several patient populations and has shown efficacy across the board. Further research is needed to advance the study and implementation of PrEP in cis-gender women in order to stop the spread of HIV in this vulnerable group.
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Topic review
Updated time: 30 Jun 2021
Submitted by: Nesrin Ada
Definition: The concept of the circular economy (CE) has gained importance worldwide recently since it offers a wider perspective in terms of promoting sustainable production and consumption with limited resources. However, few studies have investigated the barriers to CE in circular food supply chains.
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Topic review
Updated time: 28 Apr 2021
Submitted by: Priyatma Singh
Definition: Tourism-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are a central driver of anthropogenic climate change. At the same time, climate change has both direct and indirect impacts on tourism, varying from damages of tourist assets due to extreme weather events, to losses of biodiversity.
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Topic review
Updated time: 27 Oct 2020
Submitted by: Susan Matiku
Definition: Community-driven Tourism Projects (CDTPs) are initiated, operated, managed and fully controlled by the community. The communities identify the tourism resources they have access to, and utilize them for livelihood. The CDTPs are a platform for not just livelihood but also for poverty alleviation
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