Sport is a human activity which exist on large scale since the end of 19en century. The spread of sport has improved quality of life and health, but at the same time has developed a new, previously unknown, cohort of diseases. These disease can be linked to heavy training (e.g. renal failure for kidney overload due to lactate removal), to vascular problems due to catabolites accumulation, to rapid weight gain after sport termination in heavy training athletes and other dysmetabolic disorders (e.g. obesity induced by sport diet), to intoxication of nervous system due to catabolites accumulation (for example in the optic nerve), to sport induced anorexia nervosa, and intoxication from rhabdomyolysis.
This collection of Encycopedia is focused on making the point of the existing knowledge in the field of metabolic disease directly linked to physical activity and heavy exertion.