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Exercise Timing on Fat Oxidation during Exercise
Due to increasingly diverse lifestyles, exercise timings vary between individuals: before breakfast, in the afternoon, or in the evening. The endocrine and autonomic nervous systems, which are associated with metabolic responses to exercise, show diurnal variations. Moreover, physiological responses to exercise differ depending on the timing of the exercise. The postabsorptive state is associated with greater fat oxidation during exercise compared to the postprandial state. The increase in energy expenditure persists during the post-exercise period, known as “Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption”.
15 Mar 2023
Problems Associated with Moulds in Foodstuffs
Two downsides associated with the mould contamination of food are of interest: spoilage and mycotoxin production provoking food quality and food safety concerns, respectively.
13 Mar 2023
The Microbiome and Cancer Development
Changes in the microbiome also induce complex changes in human cells. From a biological perspective, the normal cervicovaginal microbiome is composed mainly of Lactobacillus spp., thus exhibiting low bacterial diversity and protecting against carcinogenesis through various mechanisms. The lactobacilli secrete lactic acid, and the low vaginal pH promotes healthy local homeostasis. The lactobacilli also secrete cytokines, antimicrobial peptides, and other metabolites that protect the local epithelium. They promote a healthy level of physiological inflammation that stimulates the immune system to fight against pathogens. On the other hand, the dysbiotic cervicovaginal microbiome exhibits a high diversity of microorganisms, primarily obligate and strict anaerobes, that lead to a high vaginal pH. The bacteria promote the disruption of the epithelial barrier and secrete various metabolites and enzymes such as sialidase, proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, reactive oxygen species, and other carcinogenic metabolites that lead to chronic inflammation and a dysregulated local metabolism. Further down the line, they also lead to genotoxicity and genomic instability, as well as altered proliferation and altered apoptosis. The dysbiotic environment also promotes angiogenesis. The chronic inflammation activates immune cells that secrete even more proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines such as Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 or Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), resulting in even more reactive oxygen species that further promote carcinogenic mechanisms. Hence, there are many different mechanisms through which the microbiota can impact carcinogenesis.
13 Mar 2023
Exercise-Induced Hypoalgesia of Low-Intensity Blood Flow Restriction Exercises
Low-intensity exercise with blood flow restriction (LIE-BFR) has been proposed as an effective intervention to induce hypoalgesia in both healthy individuals and patients with knee pain.
13 Mar 2023
Occupational Exposure to Halogenated Anaesthetic Gases in Hospitals
Objective During the induction of gaseous anaesthesia, waste anaesthetic gases (WAGs) can be released into workplace air. Occupational exposure to high levels of halogenated WAGs may lead to adverse health effects; hence, it is important to measure WAGs concentration levels to perform risk assessment and for health protection purposes.
13 Mar 2023
Total Skin Treated by Helical Tomotherapy
Helical tomotherapy (HT) is a rotational intensity-modulated radiotherapy with a unique gantry mechanical design that can deliver highly conformal dose distributions to provide an alternative approach for total body irradiation or total marrow irradiation.
10 Mar 2023
Kinesio Taping for Masticatory Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is thought to stem from masticatory muscle hypersensitivity. Masticatory myofascial pain syndrome (MMPS) is characterized by multiple trigger points (MTrPs), also known as hyperirritable points, in taut bands of affected muscles, regional muscle pain, or referred pain to nearby maxillofacial areas like teeth, masticatory muscles or the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Muscle stiffness, reduced range of motion, muscle weakening without atrophy, and autonomic symptoms may accompany regional discomfort. Multiple treatments have been utilized to reduce trigger points and mandibular function restrictions. As a result of these incapacitating symptoms, MMPS can significantly impair many elements of quality of life. The application of Kinesio tape (KT) is a non-invasive method of treating dormant myofascial trigger points. Utilizing the body’s innate capacity for self-repair, this technique entails taping specific regions of the skin. KT alleviates discomfort, decreases swelling and inflammation, enhances or suppresses motor function in the muscles, stimulates proprioception, promotes lymphatic drainage, stimulates blood flow, and expedites tissue recovery.
10 Mar 2023
Solastalgia Experiences in Australia
Solastalgia is a term used to describe the pain and distress experienced by those witnessing their home environments destroyed or changed in unwelcome ways. Place-based distress is expected to become more prominent as climate change worsens and transforms landscapes. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are particularly considered at risk due to intimate connections to home environments and distressing experiences of damaging changes to landscapes and home environments since invasion and ongoing colonisation.
10 Mar 2023
Health Status of Afghan Refugees in Europe
Four decades of civil war, violence, and destabilisation have forced millions of Afghans to flee their homes and to move to other countries worldwide. This increasing phenomenon may challenge physicians unfamiliar with the health status of this population, which may be markedly different from that of the host country. Moreover, several factors during their migration, such as transport in closed containers, accidental injuries, malnutrition, and accommodation in detention centres and refugee camps have a major influence on the health of refugees.
08 Mar 2023
Infections of the Orofacial Region
The natural flora of the mouth is very diverse. After the large intestine, it has the second highest complexity in terms of microorganisms, including more than 700 microorganisms. Each tissue has specific microbes that are different from adjacent tissues’ microbes. Still, these microbes can be displaced under certain conditions, such as the effects of cytotoxic drugs, oral cancer, or epithelial atrophy. The oral flora is divided into two categories, static and transient, which regularly balance with the host and protect against pathogenic microorganisms. The static flora on oral cavity surfaces is known as biofilm that can improve or protect oral health against pathogens, increase the virulence of potentially harmful microorganisms, and reduce the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents. Infections caused by bacteria in the mouth include caries and periodontitis. Microorganisms can attack different parts of the mouth via different mechanisms.
07 Mar 2023
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