Topic Review
The Dichotomy of Neural Networks and Cryptography
Neural networks and cryptographic schemes have come together in war and peace; a cross-impact that forms a dichotomy deserving a comprehensive review study. Neural networks can be used against cryptosystems; they can play roles in cryptanalysis and attacks against encryption algorithms and encrypted data. This side of the dichotomy can be interpreted as a war declared by neural networks. On the other hand, neural networks and cryptographic algorithms can mutually support each other. Neural networks can help improve the performance and the security of cryptosystems, and encryption techniques can support the confidentiality of neural networks. The latter side of the dichotomy can be referred to as the peace. 
  • 78
  • 07 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Technologies for Down Syndrome Persons
Since the beginning of the 21st century, the lifespan of people born with Down syndrome (DS) has increased. They now outlive their parents and rely on their relatives who usually sacrifice their own families to care for their disabled siblings. To reduce the pressure on families and the wider community, it is crucial to prepare DS people for independent life from early childhood. Emerging technologies can significantly support the process of acquiring the skills that are necessary for solving real-life problems at home and work.
  • 118
  • 05 May 2022
Topic Review
Technological Aspects for Pleasant Learning
The teaching–learning process, at each educational level, is often an open problem for educators and researchers related to the stated topic. Researchers combine emerging technologies to formulate learning tools in order to understand the abstract contents of the subjects; however, the problem still persists. A technological learning tool would be effective when projected into an educational model that looks at motivation, usability, engagement, and technological acceptability. Some of these aspects could be attributed through the use of augmented reality and games. 
  • 143
  • 22 Apr 2021
Topic Review
Target Detection and Recognition in Turbid Waters
Turbid water can be divided into shallow turbid water and two kinds of deep turbid water. Shallow turbid water, such as turbid fish farms, has a significant impact on the transmission of light information due to the high density of aquatic organisms and suspended matters, such as fishes and sediments, in the water. This leads to significant image distortion, such as blurred target features, severe distortion, and color changes, which pose a significant challenge regarding visual technology and target recognition. Deep turbid water, such as some deep water areas, is challenged by the same problems as shallow turbid water and has low light conditions, resulting in the instrument receiving limited effective target light information. Due to these factors, traditional target detection and recognition methods cannot meet instruments’ technical requirements. Therefore, the investigation of object detection and recognition in turbid areas is necessary. Currently, research on underwater vision is mainly focusing on scenarios with good water conditions, such as experimental pools, lakes, inland rivers, etc. Due to the complexity of underwater environments, significant differences between various types of water exist. As large-scale engineering operations are often carried out at sea, most research methods do not contain adequate robustness to overcome the significant difficulties encountered in practical engineering applications.
  • 110
  • 23 May 2022
Topic Review
Suitability of NB-IoT
Narrow-Band Internet of Things (NB-IoT) shares among the challenges faced by Internet of Things (IoT) and its applications in industrial settings are set to bring in the fourth industrial revolution. The industrial environment consisting of high profile manufacturing plants and a variety of equipment is inherently characterized by high reflectiveness, causing significant multi-path components that affect the propagation of wireless communications—a challenge among others that needs to be resolved. The suitability of NB-IoT for industrial applications is therewith explained.
  • 128
  • 19 Aug 2021
Topic Review
Software to Improve Verbal Communication in Children
Autism-assistive apps offer therapists and caregivers new approaches for educating and assisting individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), mainly in social interaction. Even though these apps are deemed effective, they are not. These autism-assistive apps are not highly customizable, which limits their usefulness.
  • 81
  • 14 Nov 2021
Topic Review
Smart Hospitals and IoT Sensors: The Healthcare Future
Hospitals are already adopting sensor devices of many types to monitor medical processes. Patients and medical staff can now wear sensors that provide movement and health conditions information in near-real time. Additionally, many sensors can monitor physical settings generating information about the environment and medical equipment. This set of sensors has the potential to provide information to support decision-making processes and medical data analytics. Internet of Things (IoT) is spreading among several areas, paving the way to a new industrial revolution.
  • 147
  • 20 Jul 2022
Topic Review
Smart Grid Management, Control, and Operation
Smart grid management, control and operation (SGMCO) are key tasks for maintaining their proper functioning as well as for their extension and expansion. The current challenges of power generation, distribution, transmission, and consumption, as well as growing energy demand, facilitate the integration of a large number of smart grids with renewable energy generators and physical information systems, while smart grids are moving toward distribution and decentralization in response to the evolving application of the Internet of Energy (IoE). SGMCO handles not only traditional management, control, and operations, but also the future challenges for smart grids: Collaboration between stakeholders, control of network imbalances (e.g. frequency and voltage regulation), data analysis and management, decentralized network management and operation, and security and privacy.
  • 416
  • 10 Jan 2022
Topic Review
Serious Gaming for Behaviour Change
Serious games (SG) are defined as “interactive computer applications, with or without a significant hardware component, that have challenging goals, are fun to play and engaging, incorporate some scoring mechanism, and supply the user with skills, knowledge or attitudes useful in reality".
  • 187
  • 28 Mar 2022
Topic Review
Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI)
Self-sovereign identity (SSI), a new concept, is becoming more popular as a secure and reliable identity solution for users based on identity principles. SSI provides users with a way to control their personal information and consent for it to be used in various ways. In addition, the user’s identity details are stored in a decentralized manner, which helps to overcome the problems with digital identity solutions.
  • 264
  • 07 Jun 2022
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